INDIA

INDIA
INDIA AND USA FOREIGN POLICY

Tuesday, June 17, 2008

A REVIEW IN SERIAL ORDER OF ALL MY POSTS TILL DATE


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1.Friday, January 4, 2008

BRITAIN'S SUPPORT TO TERROR OUTFITS OF POK ,KHALISTAN AND ISLAM BY ORGANIZED CRIME AND BUILDER MAFIA

2.Friday, January 4, 2008

UNDERWORLD DIGVIJAY SINGH


3.Friday, January 4, 2008

Dawood-Miandad Match at Grand Hyatt & betting controversy opened yet another chapter in the alleged unholy nexus between the underworld and cricket.


4.Friday, January 4, 2008

CHATTISGARH NEW RAJDHANI SAGA


5.Saturday, January 5, 2008

RAJIV GANDHI NEHRU'S MURDER AND AKHIL BHARTIYA VIDHY- A -RTHI PARISHAD


6.Saturday, January 5, 2008

PLEASE SEE WHAT THE RUSSIANS HAD TO SAY ON THE NEW YEAR AND CHRISTMAS JANUARY 7TH 2008


7.Saturday, January 5, 2008

WAR ZONE BETHLEHEM -CHURCH OF NATIVITY -HOLY LAND OF A MESSIAH OF PEACE


8.Monday, January 7, 2008

INTRODUCTION OF FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY TO THE LAW AND JUDICIARY OF INDIA BY INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT OF 1872 -CLAUSE 45 "OPINION OF EXPERTS" PIL SC


9.Tuesday, January 8, 2008

TERRORISM OF ARYA SAMAJ ACT OF 1937 AND AKIN TEMPORARY ARTICLE 370 OF 4500 CRORE GRANT KASHMIR


10.Tuesday, January 8, 2008

COUNTERACTING HEINOUSNESS WITH ARTICLE 51 A OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION


11.Wednesday, January 9, 2008

BAD HOME LOANS IN BAD HOUSES OF BUILDER MAFIA OF MECCA AND MEDINA /ARYA SAMAJ 1937/ARTICLE 370


12.Thursday, January 10, 2008

EVENTS OF 1964 -PSYCHOLOGICAL TERRORISM OF PLO AND ORGANISED CRIME SUPPORTED BY BRITAIN ,ISLAM,ARYA SAMAJ


13.Friday, January 11, 2008

CHATTISGARH TO SOON BECOME A MASS GRAVE -KABRA OF URANIUM WITH FINANCE COMING STRAIGHT FROM THE COMMON WEALTH OF LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE THROUGH OSAMA


14.Monday, January 14, 2008

Sayeed Salahudeen alias Islamic Banking of Builder DLF,EMAAR MGF,ANSALS AND OSAMA BIN LADEN GROUP OF OF LONDON


15.Thursday, January 17, 2008

Psychological Terrorism

16.Thursday, January 31, 2008

Organ trade families of reality Laden ,Emaar, DLF


17.Tuesday, February 12, 2008

BEAUTIFUL HASINA PARKER OF KENNEDY CAR PARKING MURDER-MUHAMMAD MAID,SEX , ARABIAN PETROL CARLOS,MUKHERJEE NAGAR GOVERNMENT SERVANTS-ISLAM/ARYA SAMAJ


18.Saturday, February 16, 2008

MOTHERS WITH BLOOD AND CONSUMER DURABLES


19.Sunday, February 17, 2008

37 YEARS ELLIGIBLE BACHELOR TAKES OVER THE REINS OF THE CONGRESS


20.Tuesday, February 19, 2008

THE SILK ROUTE ROAD TO TERROR MARKETING IN INDIA


21.Thursday, February 21, 2008

JHADU WALI BANI GHARWALI KYUNKI KI THI HARAAM KI KAMAI/ ISLAM WANTS ALL HAGAR MAIDS SEATED ON POWER LAP PHALLUS


22.Friday, February 22, 2008

DOOSRI RADHA -TERA MERA RISHTA ADHA-COMBAT HONESTY WITH LIFE TIME


23.Wednesday, February 27, 2008

Chequered kacha of Khalistan which Latika Rana permenantly displayed on my first floor Terrace


24.Thursday, February 28, 2008

TERROR OUTFITS OF KHALISTAN,POK AND ARYA SAMAJ FOR NAKED WOMEN LIKE LATIKA RANA


25.Friday, February 29, 2008

39 ARTICLES OF FAITH FOR CHRISTAINS-Easter 2008 of Resurrection of Jesus in AMERICA


26.Sunday, March 2, 2008

WHY DOES THE INDIAN MUSLIM WANTS TO REMAIN IN FILTH AND BECOME A CRIMINAL?


27.Wednesday, March 5, 2008

PALKI MEIN HOKAR SAWAAR CHALI RE ,MEIN TOH APNE SAAJAN KE DWAR CHALI RE.HEINOUS CRIMINALS SADISTS TARGET THE HOLY TO EARN A LIVING THROUGH JIHAD.


28.Thursday, March 6, 2008

JESSICA LAL MURDER CASE -GUTTER TERROR OF SIKH ISLAM BANIYA JAIN ARYA SAMAJ BRITISH COMMON WEALTH ORGANIZED CRIME OF INDIA.


29.Sunday, March 9, 2008

Arabian Sea as Sindhu Sagar ,Hyderabad and Secundrabad as one Isfahan-e-Nau in Andhra Pradesh and Ahmad nagar as Sai Baba Nagar in Maharashtra


30.Sunday, March 9, 2008

HEINOUS WASHER WOMEN OF KHALISTAN


31.Monday, March 10, 2008

EK BUDDA MAILA SA -A 60 YEARS OLD MAN WITH A LEG IN THE GRAVE STILL A PRINCE ;WILL DIE A PRINCE?


32.Sunday, March 16, 2008

DELHI KA KASHMIR -KYA STINK HAI OF JAGPRAVESH ISLAMIC DAYANAND KI VAGINAL MOUTH SARASWATI


33.Sunday, March 23, 2008

THE SORDID SAGA OF THE BABRI MASJID- A SYMBOL OF PERSECUTION LYING IN DILAPIDATED RUINS


34.Sunday, March 23, 2008

NUMBER 23 MODUS OPERANDI OF CARLOS ,KASKAR,SALIM ,DAWOOD OTHER TERRORISTS OF THE SUPARI UNDERWORLD TO MAKE A BAT OF ARTICLE 32 OF THE SUPREME COURT


35.Tuesday, March 25, 2008

SHAAN KA SHAKAAL GURGAON BAAP KA MAAL ISLAND


36.Wednesday, March 26, 2008

AJIT JOGI'S AMAR KAHANI ; ILLUSTRATED SETH-SETHI KI JABANI


37.Wednesday, March 26, 2008

ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY OF CHATTISGARH AND HARYANA


38.Friday, March 28, 2008

1997MODUS OPERANDI OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME -IPC SECTION 503,506 ,507-CRIMINAL INTIMIDATION AND OPEN DEFIANCE OF LAW BY USING HEINOUS SYMBOLS


39.Tuesday, April 1, 2008

BRITAIN'S SUPPORT TO TERROR OUTFITS OF POK ,KHALISTAN AND ISLAM BY ORGANIZED CRIME AND BUILDER MAFIA


40.Monday, April 7, 2008

UP AGAINST ASHES TO ASHES FOR MARKETING TERROR AND BAAP KA MAAL HAI LOOT LO OF ISLAM AND UK-MITTAL,STERLITE,EMAAR MGF DLF ANSAL RELIANCE GUTTERS


41.Thursday, April 10, 2008

BUILDER MAFIA SABOTAGE OF ANCIENT TRIBAL LITERATURE AT TRIBAL MUSEUM AT JHANDEWALAN


42.Friday, April 11, 2008

SEE HOW JESSICA LAL WAS MURDERED BY UK HYENAS OF INA SALIMGARH KABRAS AND STONING ISLAMIC MOB.


43.Saturday, April 12, 2008

22 YEAR OLD MANU SHARMA IS 1977 BORN AND IMPLICATED TO UNSEAT HIS FATHER VINOD SHARMA INC


44.Monday, April 14, 2008

LAW AND JUDICIARY,RAMRAJYA AMERICA AND RUSSIA,POLITICIANS OF DAYANAND AND BRITAIN AND 13TH SAMSKARA OF MARRIAGE OF HINDUS


45.Monday, April 21, 2008

TAKE A BREAK AND LISTEN TO SOME MUSIC


46.Friday, April 25, 2008

CANADIAN TRUE FACTS OF THE BRITISH KHALISTANI,islamic gale blowing from arya samaj pipe USURP PLAN OF THE BIRLA EMPIRE


47.Saturday, April 26, 2008

KILLER 1997 KASHMIRI MIGRANT ACT AND 29TH OCTOBER 2005 BOMB BLASTS OF DELHI


48.Saturday, April 26, 2008

7TH AVTAAR RAMCHANDRAJI AND 9 GODDESSES OF HINDUISM -HAIL MARY 9 TIMES


49.Monday, April 28, 2008

Uncover the faces of the terror machines first before confining them to their luxury apartments financed by Britain


50.Thursday, May 1, 2008

CASE OF PRABHAT UPPAL -CHADHA CHADDIS OF KHALISTAN


51.Friday, May 2, 2008

Uncover the faces of the terror machines first before confining them to their luxury apartments financed by Britain


52.Saturday, May 3, 2008

NATURE'S CASINO


53.Friday, May 9, 2008

OPERATION POLO OF SARDAR VALLABHAI PATEL


54.Sunday, May 18, 2008

UK KAT RAHA TERROR OF BRITAIN'S TIGHT GRIP ON TERROR AND VIOLENCE IN KASHMIR TO LOOT INDIA WITH DALAL STREET OF LONDON


55.Friday, May 23, 2008

3 STONES OF ISLAM -MOHAMMAD AFZAL,AARUSHI HONOR KILLING AND KUTUB MINAR JESSICA LAL MURDER CASE


56.Saturday, May 24, 2008

AUTISM OF ISLAM ,DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL ,BRAIN DRAIN TO BRITAIN ,EUROPE ,CARLOS AMERICA AND MONEY LAUNDERERING FOREIGN UNIVERSITIES


57.Sunday, May 25, 2008

WHY DID BINA RAMANI BECOME A BAI AND WIPED THE BLOOD STAINS OF MURDER OFF HER FILTHY FLOOR


58.Friday, May 30, 2008

SAROJINI NAGAR BOMB BLASTS,NEHRUJI,INDIRAJI,RAJEEVJI MURDERS AND MUSLIM SHIA ARYA SAMAJ.


59.Sunday, June 1, 2008

PSYCHOLOGICAL TERRORISM IN INDIA AND ISRAEL SINCE THE FORMATION OF THE PLO IN 1964 AND SATELLITE IN USSR SINCE 1955


60.Sunday, June 1, 2008

TERROR FUNDING BUILDER MAFIA OF OSAMA AND ELIZABETH ENGLAND 1937 ARYA SAMAJ/ARTICLE 370 OF KASHMIR AND INA TRIAL SECTION 109


61.Friday, June 6, 2008

EVEN IF CONVICT CONFESSES AS GUILTY -HE IS NOT GUILTY UNLESS PROVED BY COURT AND PROSECUTION


62.Sunday, June 8, 2008

PRAVEEN MEHRA DEFAULTING FICITIOUS ACCOUNTS


63.Sunday, June 8, 2008

WHY WAS PRAVEEN BABI OF JUNAGADH PERSECUTED AND PLAGIARIZED


64.Sunday, June 8, 2008

WHAT IS SO SPECIAL ABOUT R.K.PURAM ARMY,POLICE OF 1979 AND SAROJINI NAGAR THREE BLASTS


65.Friday, June 13, 2008

DENOTIFIED CLASSIFIED HOME MINISTER SHIVRAJ PATILJI OF LINGAYAT LATUR COMMUNITY


66.Saturday, June 14, 2008

CAN ONLY ISLAM CONVERTED OLD HAG MEN PROTECT WOMEN IN INDIA?


67.Tuesday, June 17, 2008

A REVIEW IN SERIAL ORDER OF ALL MY POSTS TILL DATE



























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Social Sector Policies


United India ties up with Dr. Ambedkar Law University

United India Insurance CO LTD the chennai based General Insurance Giant has taken the first step in to the field of knowledge industry.

In collaboration with Dr Ambedkar Law University , United India is offering a one year distance education PG Diploma programme in General Insuance Law and Practices.

The Course is open for graduates & above including Housewives and retired personnel e.t.c ., desirous of joining the insurance industry...


United India, Pioneers in reaching closer to rural areas

UIIC in the verge of moving closer to rural areas, has opened its first one person office (micro office) in valliyur near kanyakumari on May 2002.

Currently 60 micro offices are serving the people in the rural areas for covering the assets of their livelihood.

Completed a premium collection of Rs. 4.87 crores as on 31st January 2003.


United India has a growth rate of 13.43 % in 2001-02 : 4 December 2002

United India has bagged many prestigious Power project covers

United India Insurance CO LTD has done a bussiness of 2039 crores in 2001-02 at a growth rate of 13.43 % . The premium accretion is 241.45 crores

The company has registered a net profit of 152.8 crores against 8 crores during previous year.The company has secured some prestigious projects with coinsurance Some of them are

  • Petronet LNG
  • BHEL Ramagundam , Talcher , Valathur
  • Subash Kabini Hydel Project
  • PPN power generation LTD
  • Lamco KondaPalli Power Project

Two Innovative Policies mother teresa and unimicrocare launched : 4 December 2002

Designing and packaging the product to suit the customers need has been the forte of United India . It's latest product "ROAD ACCIDENT CARE POLICY". This policy is given to individual who face risk they face from motor accidents.

The Mother teresa Policy gives cover to woman in event of accidental death of her husband and minors in case of her accidental death.

Unimicrocare gives personal accident and hospitalisation covers besides cover for damage to dwelling due to fire and allied perils to women self help group.

A TRIBUTE TO A GREAT PERSON IN THE HISTORY OF AMERICA
THERE HAVE BEEN MANY PERSON'S IN INDIA AND THE WORLD WHO HAVE LED AN EXEMPLARY LIFE AND THEIR CHILDREN TOO HAVE PROVED THEIR METTLE. ONE EXAMPLE IS :-

John Jacob Astor

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John Jacob Astor


Detail from oil painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1794

Born Johann Jakob Astor or Johann Jacob Astor
July 7, 1763(1763-07-07)
Walldorf, Germany
Died March 29, 1848 (aged 84)
Manhattan, New York, USA
Burial place Trinity Churchyard Cemetery, Manhattan, New York City
Net worth $115.0 billion, according to Wealthy historical figures 2008, based on infomation from Forbes - February 2008.
Known for first Multi-millionaire in the United States
Children William Backhouse Astor, Sr.
Relatives Henry Astor, his brother

John Jacob Astor (born Johann Jakob or Johann Jacob Astor) (July 17, 1763March 29, 1848) was the first prominent member of the Astor family and the first multi-millionaire in the United States. He was the creator of the first trust in America, from which he made his fortune in fur trading, real estate, and opium.[1]

From humble origins in Germany, he emigrated to London and then to America following the American Revolutionary War. He built a fur-trading empire that extended to the Great Lakes region and Canada, and later expanded into the American West and Pacific coast. In the early 1800s he diversified into New York City real estate and later became a famed patron of the arts.

At the time of his death in 1848, Astor was the wealthiest person in the United States, leaving an estate estimated to be worth at least 20 million dollars; according to the latest Forbes rankings, he would be worth $115 billion in 2007 US Dollars, making him the fourth wealthiest person in American history.[2]

Contents

[hide]

[edit] Biography

[edit] Early life

John Jacob Astor's ancestors were Waldensian refugees from Savoy. He was born in Walldorf, near Heidelberg in the old Palatinate which became part of Baden during the 19th century, Germany (currently in the Rhein-Neckar district). His father (Johann Jacob Astor) was a butcher. The son John Jacob Astor learned English in London while working for his brother,George Astor, manufacturing musical instruments.

Astor arrived in the United States in March 1784, just after the end of the Revolutionary War. He traded furs with Indians and then he started a fur goods shop in New York City in the late 1780s.

[edit] Fortune from fur trade

"If I could live all over again, I would buy
every square inch of Manhattan."

John Jacob Astor"


Astor took advantage of the Jay Treaty between Great Britain and the United States in 1794 which opened new markets in Canada and the Great Lakes region. By 1800 he had amassed almost a quarter of a million dollars, and had become one of the leading figures in the fur trade. In 1800, following the example of the "Empress of China", the first American trading vessel to China, Astor traded furs, teas and sandalwood with Canton in China, and greatly benefited from it. The Embargo Act from Thomas Jefferson in 1807, however, disrupted his import/export business. With the permission of President Jefferson, Astor established the American Fur Company on April 6, 1808. He later formed subsidiaries: the Pacific Fur Company, and the Southwest Fur Company (in which Canadians had a part), in order to control fur trading in the Columbia River and Great Lakes area.

The Columbia River trading post at Fort Astoria (established in April 1811) was the first United States community on the Pacific coast. He financed the overland Astor Expedition in 1810-12 to reach the outpost. Members of the expedition were to discover South Pass through which hundreds of thousands settlers on the Oregon, California and Mormon trails passed through the Rocky Mountains.

His fur trading ventures were disrupted once again when the British captured his trading posts during the War of 1812, but rebounded in 1817 after the U.S. Congress passed a protectionist law that barred foreign traders from U.S. Territories. The American Fur Company once again came to dominate trading in the area around the Great Lakes. In 1822, Astor established the Astor House on Mackinac Island as headquarters for the reformed American Fur Company, making the island a metropolis of the fur trade. A lengthy description based on documents, diaries etc. was given by Washington Irving in his travelogue Astoria.

In 1804, Astor purchased from Aaron Burr what remained of a ninety-nine year lease on property in Manhattan. At the time, Burr was serving as vice president under Thomas Jefferson and desperately needed the purchase price of $62,500. The lease was to run until May 1, 1806. Astor began subdividing the land into nearly 250 lots and subleased them. His conditions were that the tenant could do whatever they wish with the lots for twenty-one years, after which they must renew the lease or Astor would take back the lot.

[edit] Real estate and retirement


In the 1830s, John Jacob Astor foresaw that the next big boom would be the build-up of New York, which would soon emerge as one of the world’s greatest cities. Astor withdrew from the American Fur Company, as well as all his other ventures, and used the money to buy and develop large tracts of Manhattan real estate. Predicting the rapid growth northward on Manhattan Island, Astor purchased more and more land out beyond the current city limits. Astor rarely built on his land, and instead let others pay rent to use it.

[edit] Death

After retiring from his business, Astor spent the rest of his life as a patron of culture. He supported the ornithologist John James Audubon, the poet/writer Edgar Allan Poe, and the presidential campaign of Henry Clay. At the time of his death in 1848, Astor was the wealthiest person in the United States, leaving an estate estimated to be worth at least 20 million dollars. In his will, he gave orders to build the Astor Library for the New York public (later consolidated with other libraries to form New York Public Library), as well as a poorhouse in his German hometown, Walldorf. He also ordered that his business papers and ledgers were to be incinerated. Historians can only speculate as to what he was trying to hide.

Astor left the bulk of his fortune to his second son, William Backhouse Astor, Sr. His eldest son, John Jacob II, had a mental disability and therefore was ineligible to receive the inheritance, although the family continued to care for him.

John Jacob Astor is buried in the Trinity Churchyard Cemetery in the New York City borough of Manhattan. As a symbol of the earliest fortunes in New York, John Jacob Astor is mentioned in Herman Melville's novella "Bartleby, the Scrivener".

The famous pair of marble lions that sit by the stairs of The New York Public Library at Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street were originally named Leo Astor and Leo Lenox, after Astor and James Lenox, who founded the library. Then they were called Lord Astor and Lady Lenox (both lions are males), before being given the names Patience and Fortitude by Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia during the Great Depression.

William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor

AN AMERICAN WITH THE GREATEST MOUSTACHE

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William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor (March 31, 1848October 18, 1919) was a financier and statesman and a member of the prominent Astor family.

William Astor was born in New York City, the only child of John Jacob Astor III (1822-1890) and Charlotte Augusta Gibbes (c.1825 -1887). He was educated in Germany and in Italy before studying at Columbia Law School. He worked shortly in law practice and in the management of his father's estate. In 1878 he married Mary Dahlgren Paul (1858-1894) and went into politics, serving as a New York state assemblyman and senator. He was twice defeated in his bids for a seat in the United States Congress. In 1882, President Chester A. Arthur appointed Astor Minister to Italy, a post he held until 1885. ("Go and enjoy yourself, my dear boy," the president told Astor.) While living in Rome, Astor developed a life-long passion for art and sculpture.

Upon the death of his father in early 1890, William Waldorf Astor inherited a personal fortune that made him the richest man in America. On November 7, 1890, plans were filed with the New York City Building Department to construct a new hotel on the site of William Astor's residence. In 1891, after a family feud with his aunt Caroline Webster Schermerhorn Astor over matters of social seniority, Astor and his family moved to England, a decision that was published throughout all the major newspapers. Although the owner of the Waldorf Hotel built where his home had stood, William Astor visited it only once in his lifetime. In 1897, his cousin, John Jacob Astor IV (1864-1912) built the Astoria Hotel adjoining the Waldorf, and the complex then became known as the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.

Arriving in England, at first Astor rented Lansdowne House in London until 1893 when he purchased a country estate at Cliveden-on-Thames in Taplow, Buckinghamshire from Hugh Lupus Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster. In 1899 Astor became a British subject and in 1903 acquired Hever Castle near Edenbridge, Kent about 30 miles south of London. The huge estate, built in 1270 was where Anne Boleyn lived as a child. William Waldorf Astor invested a great deal of time and money to restore the castle, building what is known as the "Tudor Village" and creating a lake and lavish gardens. In 1905 he gave his son William Waldorf Astor II and his new daughter-in-law, the former Nancy Langhorne, the Cliveden estate as a wedding present.

With ambitions to be part of the literary world, Astor wrote two novels, became the owner of the Pall Mall Gazette and Pall Mall Magazine, and in 1911 purchased the London Sunday Observer. In 1915 Astor relinquished his holdings, giving them to his son Waldorf Astor who sold them soon thereafter. An avid lover of thoroughbred horse racing, he acquired a large stable of horses that won a number of important British races.

Astor's move to England was influenced by his distrust of the American press. Newspapers famously quoted him as stating "America is not a fit place for a gentleman to live."[1] Astor resented their branding him as a traitor and continued to be concerned about his reputation in the American press. In 1892 he even circulated false reports of his own death in order to see how the press would memorialize him. Unfortunately, his ploy was soon uncovered, and only damaged his reputation further.

Growing paranoia, fueled by anonymous threats to kidnap his children, was another component of Astor's decision to leave the United States. To maintain security at Cliveden, Astor blocked the grounds from public access. One of his townhouses had a system of trap doors and secret locks, and he slept with two revolvers at his side. At Hever Castle, guests could not spend the night and were kept out by a moat and drawbridge. The occult also pre-occupied Astor’s imagination. He wrote several fanciful short stories for the Pall Mall Magazine and even investigated the possible presence of Anne Boleyn’s ghost at Hever Castle.[2]

As a British citizen, William Waldorf Astor used his great wealth for numerous public causes, especially during World War I for which King George V rewarded him with a barony, as Baron Astor in 1916 and a year later was raised to a viscountcy. He died of congestive heart failure in the lavatory of his Brighton, Sussex, England home. [3] His ashes were buried under the marble floor of the chapel at Cliveden.

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor

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Nancy Astor (née Langhorne) CH
Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor

Lady Astor, by John Singer Sargent, 1909.


Member of Parliament
for Plymouth Sutton
In office
15 November 19195 July 1945
Preceded by Waldorf Astor
Succeeded by Lucy Middleton

Born May 19, 1879(1879-05-19)
Flag of the United States Danville, Virginia
Died May 2, 1964 (aged 84)
Flag of the United Kingdom Lincolnshire, England
Nationality British
Political party Coalition Conservative
Spouse Robert Gould Shaw (1897-1903)
Waldorf Astor (1906-1952)
Religion Christian Scientist

Nancy Witcher Astor, Viscountess Astor, CH, (May 19, 1879May 2, 1964) was the first woman to serve as a Member of Parliament (MP) in the British House of Commons. She was the wife of Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor.

Contents

[hide]

[edit] Early life

Nancy Astor was born Nancy Witcher Langhorne on May 19, 1879, in Danville, Virginia, in the United States. The former business of her father, Chiswell Dabney Langhorne, had depended at least in part upon slave labour and had been badly damaged by the effects of the American Civil War. Because of this the Langhornes lived in near-poverty conditions for a period before she was born. That stated after her birth her father began regaining the family wealth. This started with work as an auctioneer and later through his involvement with the railroad. When she reached thirteen years of age the Langhornes were again a rich family with a sizeable estate.[1][2] Chiswell Langhorne later moved to Albemarle County.

Nancy Langhorne had four sisters and three brothers. All of the sisters were known for their beauty; her sister Irene later married the artist Charles Dana Gibson and became a model for the Gibson girl. Nancy and Irene both went to a finishing school in New York City. In New York, Nancy met and married her first husband, Robert Gould Shaw, a relative of Robert Gould Shaw of Fort Wagner fame, on 27 October 1897, when she was 18.

This first marriage was a disaster. Shaw's friends accused Nancy of becoming puritanical and rigid after she married; Nancy's friends contended that Shaw was an alcoholic adulterer. The couple was married for four years and had one son, Bobbie. Nancy left Shaw numerous times during their brief marriage, the first time during their honeymoon. In 1903, Nancy's mother died and Nancy moved back to Mirador, her father's home in Albemarle County, Virginia.[3] She tried to run the household for him but was unsuccessful. She left there and took a tour of England, and fell in love with the country while she was there. Because she was so happy there, her father suggested that Nancy move to England. Nancy was reluctant to go, so he suggested that the move had been her mother’s wish and that it would also be good for Nancy's younger sister, Phyllis, to accompany her. Nancy and Phyllis finally moved to England in 1905.

[edit] England

The earlier trip to England had launched Nancy's reputation there as an interesting and witty American. Her tendency to be witty and saucy in conversation -- yet religiously devout and almost prudish in behaviour -- confused many of the English men, but pleased some of the older socialites. They liked conversing with the lively and exciting American who at the same time largely conformed to decency and restraint. Nancy also began at this time to show her skill at winning over critics. She was once asked by an English woman, "Have you come to get our husbands?" Her unexpected response, "If you knew the trouble I had getting rid of mine..." charmed her listeners and displayed the wit that would later become so famous.[citation needed]

A contemporary view of Cliveden, Nancy Astor's country house that served as a hospital in the World Wars
A contemporary view of Cliveden, Nancy Astor's country house that served as a hospital in the World Wars

Despite her protestations, however, she indeed married an Englishman. Her second husband, Waldorf Astor, was born in the United States but his father had moved the family to England when Waldorf was twelve and raised his children as English aristocrats. The pair was well matched from the start. Not only were they both American expatriates with similar temperaments, but they were even born on the exact same day. He shared some of her moral attitudes, and his heart condition may have encouraged him toward a restraint that she found comforting. The marriage's success, therefore, seemed assured.

After the Astors married, Nancy moved into Cliveden, a lavish estate, and began her life as a prominent hostess for the social elite. The Astors also owned a grand London house, No. 4 St. James's Square, which is now the premises of the Naval & Military Club. Through her many social connections, Lady Astor became involved in a kind of political circle called Milner's Kindergarten. Considered liberal in their age, the group advocated unity and equality among English-speaking people and a continuance or expansion of British imperialism.

[edit] Christian Science

The group’s political significance was limited, but it yielded a much more significant result for Lady Astor personally. It was the source of her friendship with Philip Kerr, which was to be one of the most important relationships of her life. Indeed, it came at a critical juncture for both of them. The two met shortly after Kerr had suffered a spiritual crisis regarding his once devout Catholicism. The two of them were both searching for spiritual stability and their search led them toward Christian Science, to which they both eventually converted. Astor's beliefs and activities as a Christian Scientist would become one of the most consistent elements of her life.

A statue at Cliveden, overlooking 42 inscribed stones dedicated to the dead of World War I.  Sir Bertram MacKennal's figure represents Canada with the head reputedly modelled by Lady Astor.
A statue at Cliveden, overlooking 42 inscribed stones dedicated to the dead of World War I. Sir Bertram MacKennal's figure represents Canada with the head reputedly modelled by Lady Astor.

Astor's conversion was gradual and was influenced by a number of factors. Her sister Phyllis had given her Science and Health by Mary Baker Eddy because she thought Nancy might find it interesting. (Phyllis, however, never became a Christian Scientist.) At first Lady Astor had only marginal interest, but after a period of illness and surgery, she decided that those events had not been what God wanted. In the past she had been the type of person whose illnesses had largely been psychosomatic, so this rang true for her and she embraced the belief system wholeheartedly. Her former spiritual mentor and good friend, Archdeacon Frederick Neve, disapproved of her conversion and their relationship soured.

Lady Astor's devotion to Christian Science was more intense than orthodox, and she sent some practitioners away for disagreeing with her. But she was deeply committed to her own interpretation of the faith and held to it almost fanatically. Many of her letters from that time on mentioned Christian Science, and letters from others to her joked about her efforts to convert peers to her beliefs.

Philip Kerr's conversion came only after experimenting with Eastern religion, but he later became a spiritual advisor for Astor. In time, his bitter rejection of Catholicism also influenced Lady Astor, intensifying her opinions in that direction. She was also affected when her friendship with Hillaire Belloc, who was Catholic, began to grow cold because of his disdain for the rich and her efforts to convert his daughters to Christian Science. The loss of that relationship further alienated her against Roman Catholicism.

During World War I Cliveden was turned into a hospital for Canadian soldiers. Although Astor, as a Christian Scientist, did not believe in the use of medical practices, she got along well with doctors, especially a surgeon named Colonel Mewburn. She justified her position there by helping those who needed non-medical assistance. This work built a public image of Lady Astor as a friend to soldiers, and that proved useful when she ran for office. At the same time, horrible poison gas attacks and the deaths of friends turned her against war itself.

[edit] First campaign for Parliament

Several elements of Lady Astor's life to this point influenced her first campaign, but the main reason she became a candidate in the first place was her husband's situation. He had enjoyed a promising career for several years before World War I in the House of Commons, but then he succeeded to his father's peerage as the 2nd Viscount Astor. This meant that he automatically became a member of the House of Lords and forfeited his seat of Plymouth Sutton in the House of Commons. So Lady Astor decided to contest the vacant parliamentary seat.

Astor had several disadvantages in her campaign. One of them was her lack of connection with the women's suffrage movement. The first woman elected to the British Parliament, Constance Markiewicz, said Lady Astor was "of the upper classes, out of touch". (While Lady Astor was the first female member of the House of Commons who actually took up her seat, she was not the first woman to be elected to the House. Markiewicz did not take up her seat because of her Irish nationalist views.) Countess Markiewicz had been in Holloway prison for Sinn Féin activities during her election, and other suffragettes had been imprisoned for arson; Astor had no such background. Even more damaging to Astor's campaign were her well-known hostility to alcohol consumption and her ignorance of current political issues. These points did not endear her to the people of Plymouth, the constituency from which she was elected. Perhaps worst of all, her tendency to say odd or outlandish things sometimes made her look rather unstable.

However, Astor also had some positive attributes in her campaign, such as her earlier work with the Canadian soldiers, her other charitable work during the war, her vast financial resources for the campaign and, most of all, her ability to improvise. Her ability to turn the tables on the hecklers was particularly useful. Once a man asked her what the Astors had done for him and she responded with, "Why, Charlie, you know"[clarify], and later had a picture taken with him. This informal style baffled yet amused the British public. She rallied the supporters of the current government, was pragmatic enough to moderate her Prohibitionist views, and used women’s meetings to gain the support of female voters. A by-election was held on 28 November 1919, and she took up her seat in the House on 1 December as a Unionist (also known as "Tory") Member of Parliament.

[edit] Early years in Parliament

Astor's parliamentary career was the most public phase of her life, during which she was an object of both love and hatred. Her presence almost immediately gained attention, both as a woman and as someone who did not follow the rules. On her first day in the House of Commons, she was called to order for chatting with a fellow House member, not realising that she was the person who was causing the commotion. She did try in some ways to minimise disruption by dressing more sedately than usual and by avoiding the bars and smoking rooms frequented by the men.

Early in her first term, a fellow Member of Parliament named Horatio Bottomley, who felt Astor was an obstacle in his desire to dominate the "soldier’s friend" issue, sought to ruin her political career. He did this by capitalising on the first substantial controversies in which she participated, namely her opposition to divorce reform and her efforts to maintain wartime alcohol restrictions. He depicted her as a hypocrite in his newspaper, saying that the divorce reform bill she opposed allowed women to have the kind of divorce she had had in America. However, a budget crisis and his bitter tone caused this effort to backfire. Bottomley eventually went to prison for fraud, a fact that Astor used to her advantage in later campaigns.

Among her early political friends were the first female candidates to follow her to Parliament, including members of the other parties. The first of them began when Ellen Wintringham was elected after Astor had been in office for two years, but the most surprising might have been her friendship with "Red Ellen" Wilkinson, a former Communist representative in the Labour Party. Astor later proposed creating a "Women’s Party", but the female Labour MPs thought it was a ridiculous idea because at that time their party had power and promised them positions. Astor conceded this, but her closeness with other female MPs dissipated with time and by 1931 she even became hostile to female Labour members like Susan Lawrence.

Unlike most of the other women, Lady Astor's accomplishments in the House of Commons were relatively minor. She never held a position of much influence. Indeed, the Duchess of Atholl rose to higher levels in the Tory Party before Astor did, and this was largely as Astor wished. She felt that if she had a position in the party, she would be less free to criticise her party’s government. One of her few significant achievements in the House was the passage of a bill she sponsored to increase the legal drinking age to eighteen unless the minor has parental approval.

Lady Astor did do some significant work outside the political sphere. The most famous was her support for nursery schools. Her involvement with this cause was somewhat surprising in a way because the woman who first focused her attention on it was a Socialist named Margaret McMillan who believed that her dead sister still had a role in guiding her. Lady Astor was initially skeptical, but later the two women became close and Astor used her wealth to aid their efforts.

Astor's positive traits and good works do not negate the fact her political career displayed some cruelty and callousness. On hearing of the death of a political enemy, she openly expressed her pleasure. When people complained about this, she did not apologise but instead said, "I’m a Virginian; we shoot to kill". A friend from Virginia, Angus McDonnell, had angered her when he married without consulting her after having agreed to seek her permission first. She later told him, regarding his maiden speech, that he "really must do better than that". In addition to these, she also alienated several others with her sharp tongue throughout her life.

The 1920s were Astor's most positive period in Parliament, when she made several effective speeches and introduced a bill that passed. Although she was not always the ideal Member of Parliament, her wealth and striking persona brought some attention to women in the House. She worked to bring more women into the civil service and the police force and to reform education and the House of Lords. In addition, she remained popular in her district and well liked in the U.S. during the 1920s, but this period of success would not continue forever.

[edit] The Depression Years

Unlike the previous decade, the 1930s would be one of personal and professional difficulty for Lady Astor. An early sign of future problems came in 1928 when she only barely defeated the Labour candidate. In 1931 her problems became more acute when her son from her first marriage, Bobbie, was arrested for homosexuality. Because Bobbie had previously shown tendencies toward alcoholism and instability, Astor's friend Philip Kerr, now Marquess of Lothian, told her that the arrest might be positive for him. This would turn out to be incorrect. Astor also made a disastrous speech stating that the England cricket team lost to the Australian cricket team because of alcohol use. Both the English and Australian teams objected to this. Astor remained oblivious to her growing unpopularity almost to the end.

A mixed element in these difficult years was Astor's friendship with George Bernard Shaw. He helped her through some of her problems, but also made some things worse. Their friendship was somewhat peculiar because they held opposing political views and had very different temperaments, but he liked her as a fellow non-conformist, and she had a fondness for writers in general. Nevertheless, his tendency to make controversial statements or put her into awkward situations proved to be a drawback for her.

After Astor's son Bobbie was arrested, Shaw invited her to accompany him on his trip to the Soviet Union. Although it was helpful in some ways, this trip turned out to be bad overall for Lady Astor's political career. During the trip Shaw made many flattering statements about Stalinist Russia, while Nancy often disparaged it because she was generally not in favor of Communism. She even asked Stalin point-blank why he had slaughtered so many Russians, but many of her criticisms were translated into innocuous statements instead. This led many of her conservative supporters to fear she had "gone soft" on Communism. Even her question to Stalin may have been likewise translated if he had not insisted that he be told what she had actually said. Furthermore, Shaw's praise of the USSR made the trip seem like a coup for Soviet propaganda and made her presence there disturbing for the Tories.

As bad as the Soviet trip was, it was minor compared to what would follow. Although Astor had criticised the Nazis for devaluing the position of women, she was also adamantly opposed to another World War. Several of her friends and associates, especially Lord Lothian (Philip Kerr), became heavily involved in the German appeasement policy; this group became known as the "Cliveden set." The term was first used in the newspaper, The Week, run by reformist Claud Cockburn; excitement over it grew and the allegations became more elaborate. The Cliveden set was seen variously as the prime mover for appeasement, or a society that secretly ran the nation, or even as a beachhead for Nazism in Britain. Astor was viewed by some as Hitler’s woman in Britain, and some went so far as to claim that she had hypnotic powers.

Astor had a close friendship with Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.; the correspondence between them is reportedly replete with anti-Semitic tropes. As Edward Renehan notes:

As fiercely anti-Communist as they were anti-Semitic, Kennedy and Astor looked upon Adolf Hitler as a welcome solution to both of these "world problems" (Nancy's phrase).... Kennedy replied that he expected the "Jew media" in the United States to become a problem, that "Jewish pundits in New York and Los Angeles" were already making noises contrived to "set a match to the fuse of the world."

Evidence supporting these allegations is weak, but Astor did occasionally meet with Nazi officials in keeping with Neville Chamberlain's ideals. She told one such Nazi official, who later turned out to be trying to ruin the Nazis from within, that she supported their re-armament. However, she did so because Germany was "surrounded by Catholics" in her opinion. She also told Joachim von Ribbentrop, the German ambassador who would later become the Foreign Minister of Germany, that Hitler looked too much like Charlie Chaplin to be taken seriously. These statements are the only documented incidents of Nazi sympathy of any kind, although it is true that she distrusted and disliked British Foreign Secretary (and later Prime Minister) Anthony Eden, stating that the more she saw of him the "more certain" she was that he would "never be a Disraeli".

Lady Astor seemed largely unbothered by the fact that so many of her public statements caused difficulties. She became even harsher in her anti-Catholicism and anti-Communism. After passage of the Munich Agreement, she said that if the Czech refugees fleeing Nazi oppression were Communists, they should seek asylum with the Soviets instead of the British. Even supporters of appeasement felt this insult to be out of line, but Lord Lothian encouraged her attitudes. He railed against the pope for not supporting Hitler's annexation of Austria and in many ways continued to influence Lady Astor.

[edit] World War II

When war did come, Astor admitted that she had made mistakes, and even voted against Chamberlain, but hostility remained. She was taken far less seriously than before, with some calling her "The Honourable Member for Berlin." In addition, her abilities as an MP had declined with age. Her increasing fear of Catholics led her to make a speech regarding her belief that a Catholic conspiracy was subverting the foreign office. Her long-time hatred of Communists continued and she insulted Stalin's role as an ally during the war. Her speeches became rambling and incomprehensible, and even her enemies lamented that debating her had become "like playing squash with a dish of scrambled eggs".[4] She had become more of a joke than an adversary to her enemies.

The period from 1937 to the end of the war was traumatic on a personal level. In the period of 1937-38 Astor's sister Phyllis and only surviving brother died. In 1940 her close friend and spiritual advisor Lord Lothian died as well. Although his influence had a definite negative aspect, he had been her closest Christian Scientist friend even after her husband converted. George Bernard Shaw’s wife also died about two years later. During the war, Astor got into a fight with her husband about chocolate and soon after he had a heart attack. After this, their marriage grew cold, probably due at least in part to the harsh effects of such a petty argument and her subsequent discomfort with his health problems. She ran a hospital for Canadian soldiers as she had before, but openly expressed a preference for the veterans of the previous World War.

It is generally believed that it was Lady Astor who, during a World War II speech, first referred to the men of the 8th Army who were fighting in the Italian campaign as the "D-Day Dodgers".[citation needed] Her implication was that they had it easy because they were avoiding the "real war" in France and the future invasion. The Allied soldiers in Italy were so incensed that they composed a bitingly sarcastic song to the tune of the haunting German song Lili Marleen (popularised in English by Marlene Dietrich) that they called "The Ballad Of The D-Day Dodgers"[written by Major Hamish Henderson of the 51st Highland Division].

She also made a disparaging remark about troops involved in the Burma Campaign, warning the public to "Beware the men with crows' feet".[citation needed] This was an allusion to the white lines often found around the eyes of white soldiers in hot climates due to squinting in the bright sunlight as it tanned their faces. Soldiers of the 14th Army were slightly bemused to be accorded such attention and it was strongly rumoured among them that her prejudice was the result of a 14th Army officer on leave either impregnating Astor's daughter or infecting her with a sexually transmitted disease.[citation needed]

[edit] Final Years

Lady Astor did not feel that her final years were a period of personal decline. Instead, in her opinion, it was her party and her husband who caused her retirement in 1945. The Tories felt that she had become a liability in the final years of World War II, and her husband told her that if she ran for office again the family would not support her. She conceded, but with irritation and anger, according to contemporary reports.[citation needed]

Lady Astor's retirement years proved difficult, especially for her marriage. She publicly blamed her husband for forcing her to retire; for example, in a speech commemorating her 25 years in office she stated that her retirement was forced on her and that it should please the men of Britain. The couple began travelling separately and living apart soon after. Lord Astor also began moving to the left in his last years, and that exacerbated their differences. However, the couple reconciled before his death on 30 September 1952.

This period also proved to be hard on Lady Astor's public image. Her racial views were increasingly out of touch with cultural changes, and she expressed a growing paranoia regarding ethnic minorities. In one instance she stated that the President of the United States had become too dependent on New York City. To her this city represented "Jewish and foreign" influences that she feared. During her U.S. tour she also told a group of African American students that they should aspire to be like the Black servants she remembered from her youth. On a later trip she told African American church members that they should be grateful for slavery because it had allowed them to be introduced to Christianity. In Rhodesia she proudly told the White minority government leaders that she was the daughter of a slave owner.

After 1956 Lady Astor became increasingly isolated. Her sisters had all died, "Red Ellen" Wilkinson committed suicide in 1947, George Bernard Shaw died in 1950, and she did not take well to widowhood. Her son Bobbie became increasingly combative and after her death he committed suicide. Her son Jakie married a prominent Catholic woman, which hurt his relationship with his mother, and her other children became estranged from her. Ironically, these events mellowed her and she began to accept Catholics as friends. However, she stated that her final years were lonely. Lady Astor died in 1964 at her daughter's home at Grimsthorpe in Lincolnshire. She was buried in Buckinghamshire, England.

[edit] Quotes

Lady Astor is nearly as famous for her scathing wit as she is for her political career. Many of her best known quotes are indicative of her personal and political views, such as feminism, temperance, and conservatism; others are merely humorous. Some examples:

  • I married beneath me. All women do.
  • I refuse to admit that I am more than fifty-two, even if that does make my sons illegitimate.
  • In passing, also, I would like to say that the first time Adam had a chance he laid the blame on a woman.
  • My vigour, vitality, and cheek repel me. I am the kind of woman I would run from.
  • One reason why I don't drink is because I wish to know when I am having a good time.
  • Pioneers may be picturesque figures, but they are often rather lonely ones.
  • Real education should educate us out of self into something far finer; into a selflessness which links us with all humanity.
  • The main dangers in this life are the people who want to change everything... or nothing.
  • The only thing I like about rich people is their money.
  • The penalty for success is to be bored by the people who used to snub you.
  • Women have got to make the world safe for men since men have made it so darned unsafe for women.
  • We women talk too much, but even then we don't tell half what we know.

But by far the most famous were her frequent sharp exchanges with Winston Churchill. He once told her that having a woman in Parliament was like having one intrude on him in the bathroom, to which she retorted, "You’re not handsome enough to have such fears". Another time when Lady Astor was giving a costume ball, Churchill asked her what disguise she would recommend for him. She replied, "Why don't you come sober, Prime Minister?" The most famous of all such anecdotes occurred when Lady Astor said to Churchill, "If you were my husband, I'd poison your tea." To which he responded, "Madam, if you were my wife, I'd drink it!" Years later, she used the "poison" line on Senator Joseph McCarthy to somewhat less successful effect.[citation needed]

And in another similar instance with Winston Churchill in his fabled tangle with Lady Astor, who'd allegedly said she'd probably sleep with him for a £1 million.

When Winston suggested £10, Astor snorted: "What kind of woman do you think I am?"

To which Winston is said to have replied: "We've established what you are; now we're just haggling over the price."

Download ABBA: Nina Pretty Ballerina to your phone.

Every day in the morning on her way to the office
You can see as she catches a train
Just a face among a million faces
Just another woman with no name
Not the girl youd remember but shes still something special
If you knew her I am sure youd agree
cause I know shes got a little secret
Friday evening she turns out to be...

Nina, pretty ballerina, now she is the queen of the dancing floor
This is the moment shes waited for
Just like cinderella, just like cinderella
Nina, pretty ballerina, who would ever think she could be this way
This is the part that she likes to play
But she knows the fun would go away
If she would play it every day

So shes back every morning to her work at the office
And another week to live in a dream
And another row of early mornings
In an almost never-ending stream
Doesnt talk very often, kind of shy and uncertain
Everybody seems to think shes a bore
But they wouldnt know her little secret
What her friday night would have in store...

Nina, pretty ballerina, now she is the queen of the dancing floor
This is the moment shes waited for
Just like cinderella, just like cinderella
Nina, pretty ballerina, who would ever think she could be this way
This is the part that she likes to play
She would like to play it every day

Nina, pretty ballerina, now she is the queen of the dancing floor
This is the moment shes waited for
Just like cinderella, just like cinderella
Nina, pretty ballerina, who would ever think she could be this way
This is the part that she likes to play
New York Architecture Images- Midtown

New York Public Library Top 25 NY Buildings

architect

Carrere & Hastings

location

Fifth Ave., bet. W40 and W42.

date

1911

style

Beaux-Arts

construction

stone

type

Library

www.nyc-architecture.com/MID/MID067.htm



"Patience" and "Fortitude" : the "Library Lion" statues;
New York Public Library with mantle of snow (record snowfall of Dec. 1948)
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Safa Tempo: Electric rickshaws make inroads in Nepal


In Nepal, EVs have already replaced petrol/diesel powered three-wheelers!

According to a report on Autoblog Green, electric three-wheelers are getting very popular in Nepal. Because of the pollution they created, petrol-powered Vikram Tempo rickshaws were banned in Nepal in 1999. And since then, battery-powered Safa Tempos have been getting increasingly popular there.

According to Shree Eco Visionary (SEV), there are about 650 of these Safa Tempos on the streets of Kathmandu, fulfilling the transportation needs of over 100,000 people. And going by SEV’s projections, the number of these electric three-wheelers in Nepal may go up to 4,000 over the next five years.

The electric Safa Tempo costs about Rs 5.5 lakh, but running costs don’t amount to more than Rs 3 per km, and the three-wheeled EVs can travel up to 70km on one full battery charge, making them a practical proposition. With burgeoning fuel costs, we should almost certainly see similar EVs in smaller Indian towns and cities within the next one year!

Sapphire Energy: Making petrol from algae…


Petrol from algae. Pretty cool, eh?

Sapphire Energy says it has produced renewable 91 octane petrol, made from a breakthrough process that produces crude oil directly from sunlight, CO2 and photosynthetic microorganisms, beginning with algae.

‘Sapphire’s goal is to be the world’s leading producer of renewable petrochemical products,’ said CEO and co-founder Jason Pyle, speaking at the Simmons Alternative Energy Conference.

‘Our goal is to produce a renewable fuel without the downsides of current biofuel approaches. Sapphire Energy was founded on the belief that the only way to cure our dependence on foreign oil and end our flirtation with ethanol and biodiesel is through radical new thinking and a commitment to new technologies,’ said Pyle.

Sapphire’s algae-petrol has hydrocarbons chemically identical to those in normal petrol, and will be entirely compatible with the current energy infrastructure from cars to refineries and pipelines. Plus, the company claims that the Sapphire platform offers vast advantages – scientific, economic and social – over traditional biofuel approaches.

Sapphire’s scientists have built a platform that uses sunlight, CO2, photosynthetic microorganisms and non-arable land to produce carbon-neutral alternatives to petrochemical-based processes and products.

First up: renewable petrol. Critically important, in light of recent studies that prove the inefficiencies and costs of crop-based biofuels, there is no ‘food vs. fuel’ tradeoff. The process is not dependent on food crops or valuable farmland, and is highly water efficient. ‘It’s hard not to get excited about algae’s potential,’ says Paul Dickerson, chief operating officer of the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ‘Its basic requirements are few: CO2, sun, and water. Algae can flourish in non-arable land or in dirty water, and when it does flourish, its potential oil yield per acre is unmatched by any other terrestrial feedstock.’

Scalability – the key to success

Sapphire’s scalable production facilities can grow easily and economically because production is modular, transportable, and fueled by sunlight – not constrained by land, crops, or other natural resources.

‘Any company or fuel that hopes to solve the biofuel conundrum must be economically scalable – and that requires conforming to the existing refining distribution and fleet infrastructure,’ says Brian Goodall, Sapphire’s vice president of downstream technology. (Goodall led the team responsible for the highly visible, first-ever Virgin Atlantic ‘green’ 747 flight earlier this year. In addition to a three-decade career in the petrochemical industry, he is a corporate inductee at the National Inventors Hall of Fame.)

Developments require new industrial category: Green Crude Production

In fact, Sapphire’s processes and science are so radical, the company is at the forefront of an entirely new industrial category called ‘Green Crude Production.’ Products and processes in this category differ significantly from other forms of biofuel because they are made solely from photosynthetic microorganisms, sunlight and CO2; do not result in biodiesel or ethanol; enhance and replace petroleum-based products; are carbon neutral and renewable; and don’t require any food crop or agricultural land.

The final products are completely compatible with the existing petroleum infrastructure, from refinement through distribution and the retail supply chain.

For more details, visit the Sapphire website here

PLEASE SEE THE POEM i HAD WRITTEN FOR ATALJI AS ALSO HINDUISM ON 25TH DECEMBER 2001


25 th December, 2001

To Atal Ji,

A soldier that was,

A soldier that is,

A soldier that would be,

A father who went away too soon

Martyr of this earth he was!

A father who did not have children,

But under whose roofage we all rest as brethren,

Now it is you Atalji who will bear this torch’

To lead us all

As your flock.

I am your daughter,

I am your son,

In me see India.

I will bear the cross for you ,

In hour of need or uncertainity,

You have nurtured me with your blood,

Then why do you grieve and stand alone?

In this twilight,

The creases of your brow,

Will guide and tide us

Test us and see

And we will all stand beside our father

And live every dream he envisages.

Carry his legacy

In every breath of India.

Children of the soil are we!

We are Indians.


Hum Hindustani.


The spirit of India,

Herein flows the Holy Ganga,

The Bhagirathi-

In all its mighty sway and fury,

Soiled time and again


But refreshed again in the abounds of Gangotri,

Wherein resides the Trinetra mighty LORD Shiva


Holding her in his decile tresses

A Hindu’s ultimate Moksha and salvation

Liberal and forgiving –everflowing and unimposing to aberration.

Sweet nectar of the soul.

Herein is the Mother Shakti’s all encompassing power,

Holding her children,

From KESARVASANTI to Kanyakumari’

(Henceforth from Kesarvasanti to kanya kumari.)

Pragmatic and panchromatic,

Nurturing a militia hope’

Horrent and furious at the outrage

Of her Earth.

Avenge and cleanse this scrounge

Giving the evil back

What it gave.

Nemesis divine

Today rise again

Neoclassical samskara

Tool to cleanse.

The Mohammed has Mecca and Kaaba,

Jesus has Nazareth and Rome

Ram will have Ayodhaya and Om

The seat and throne of Hinduism

Vedic Samskara,

True and infinite Justice

The right of every Hindu,

To the last drop of blood and honorific,

Wherein every Hindu soul will pay obeisance,

No matter where on the globe ,

He may reside.

Honey-Dew for the soul,

A beautiful shrine,

Deliverance divine,

No turning back now from the truth,

Acceptance of strength and Shakti,

Will establish a regime and Bhakti’

God is only with those –

Who have the strength to hold the sword,

And establish Dharma –

On this soil,

Nothing can deter soldiers from their path

To give the generations and their progeny

The right to breathe freely,

Inconvertible religion and math.

Jai Ram-Siya Ram.

A healthier and happier India,

Those that love its essence can stay,

Undivided and Egalitarian,

Or choose their own way,

No entryism now,

Keep the evil at bay.

To each his own,

No one can step on another’s toes,

The four pillars of India standfast and pray

We are tolerant and secular,

But a Hindu Rashtra without Ram-Mandir

Is unimaginable , perpetrate and peculiar,

No power or scrounge can take away,

The true Hindu’s right to pray,

At the holiest shrine,

Ever made!

Jai Ram-Siya Ram.

MAY GOD EVER BE WITH YOU ,

CHILDREN OF THE SOIL-

THROUGH SHOWER AND RAIN

AND HELP YOU TIDE DIFFICULT TIMES,

NO EFFORT IS IN VAIN,

THE SACRIFICE OF MANY HAVE NOT GONE UNREWARDED,

WITH REVERENCE ARE THEY REMEMBERED

IN THIS HOLY SOIL!

AND SO SHALL WE MARCH UNDETERRED,

WITH OUR BLOOD WE WILL COLOUR EACH STONE

AND REST IN THE HOLY FOUNDATION OF OUR SHRINE .

JAI MATA KI!OM!

THE EVIL HAVE COME WITH SCIENCE,

WE WILL WASH OUR GOD’S FEET,

WITH BLOOD AND BRINE.

AND EVERYDAY DIE ,

FOR OUR MOTHERLAND.

RESTING ETERNALLY WITH PEACE.

The intellectuals term INDIA- a democracy

Where religion of Ram Mandir is a frenzy,

Then let not a Muslim hope for Haz,

Or a Christian for Nazreth itinerary,

Lest they be termed foolish,

And their peace resorts a hypocrisy

Do not preach to the world what you cannot practise,

Or cause insurgency,

In the name of faith worldover,

Nor chant Our Lord, Our Lord,

Every Friday

Every Sunday

And snatch away the rights of Hindustan

Where people survive,

Only by the faith and name of their Gods everyday,

Where the computer too is dressed with saffron,

And the swastik is potrayed,

The strength which comes thence,

Is ironically still snatched by the union jack

And you question our religion after that!

Where the farmer tills the soil

The genre sweat and boil

Their hearts one with Ram and Siya

Giving hope and fruit of their toil,

Herein O-God let my INDIA awake,

Then whence fortune shines,

They can pay homage at their beautiful shrine,

Glory divine,

The sun kissed sanctum of their Ram,

Deliverance for their soul,

And peace –

Contentment-eyes overbrim in brine.

Jai Ram, Siya Ram.

Where Bhakti is the strength of Shakti-

Herein O-God let my INDIA AWAKE!

India is undivided-secular-make no mistake-

But its Preamble to Constitution is at stake

Where groups are made for personal greed and strife,

Let us revoke this trend and evoke life-

Let groups be made for strength and restoration of rights.

Wherein greed and evil can be striked

And service to society be the only bribe,

Be it Kar sevaks of Punjab,

Soldiers in their might,

Or Kar sevaks of Ram Mandir-

Today stand united for a purpose destined!

If blood and sword is the only way

Then call upon the intellectuals of the greedy,

To keep the evil at bay-

And not come in the way

And retrogress!

For hypostyle Hindu Renaissance.[truth]

Wherein all will bow and pay obeisance

As it stands for the unity of Hindustan.

Jai Ram Siya Ram.

The evil have penetrated the brain

Both animal and human’

With computer and mobile

The rays of the sun are unable to shine

God will save Hinduism,

There will be no conversions

For the convert and his generations,

Will never find peace

In this world and beyond

Their mother religion will resound

And they will go mad

With the boot virus

And the evil will be punished by the very Gods they have logged on to,-2.6percent fertility.

Also nemesis and karma will strike

At the evil powerful

Who used their power to convert ,

And next time not only choke

But die with their filth and coke

Jai ram Siya Ram

How will they save their bodies from decay

How will they control God?

The spirit of India will never die

And wreck havoc in their day

As they have injected our earth with nuclear material today

Ahmedabad or Jabalpur

Nemesis will come in time

The cries of the raped

Resound and beseech the divine

Do not feel happy and bray

o- evil and sciolist

For kesar vasanti is on her way,

Kneel down and pray.

To the very God you had forsaked!


QUOTE-MR.VED PRAKASH-RAMAYANA-DREAMLAND PUBLICATIONS-


‘MUNDANE EXISTENCE IS EASILY CROSSED OVER BY UTTERING RAMA’S NAME.

RAMA PREVADE’S IN EVERY ATOM OF THIS UNIVERSE.

LET US ETHRONE RAMA,HIS ETERNAL CONSORT SITA,

HIS BROTHERS LAKSHMANA,BHARATA,SATRUGHANA ALONG WITH T

HE GREATEST DEVOTEE HANUMAN ON THE THRONE OF OUR

HEARTS FOR THE SAKE OF BLISS EVERLASTING!’

JAI RAM SIYA RAM


Allah preached brotherhood in Koran Sharif

Mahatma Gandhi gave his life for it,

We are human and retaliate ,

But it should be only towards the person who did us harm

Day and night the father of the nation chanted ‘HEY –RAM,HEY- RAM,

FOR HIS SAKE MAKE THE TEMPLE OF HIS LORD,

AS A BEFITING TRIBUTE TO A MAHATMA,

Who saved the lives of so many

And yet again save the paradise on this earth

And the people and their progeny-

A paradise called Kashmir,

A land of song and beauty,

Henceforth tobe one and the new song of Atalji,

Sweet and beautiful,

The new Kesarvasanti,

Given to India today(-14-6-2002-Friday)

By the goddess Vaibhavlakshmi

Uphold the ideals of RAM

AND SAVE YOUR PROGENY

For Sanskrit and Latin are after all sisters

Allah and Ram are one itinerary.

From Kesarvasanti to Kanyakumari,

Hum Hindustani!

Bring the sunshine and laughter back,

Into the lives of so many!

Be it Ram in Ayodhaya

Or The songs in Kesarvasanti

Let us build and recreate together

Life in all its beauty.

What is there in life otherwise?

Whichever way you turn

The corrupt and evil are reigning

And the pure have only tears and falsehoods as their prize,

The dirt of cokey quicksand gushing to devour

Innocent lives in a game of dice?

Politics and power they say

And smile evil in their victories,

But go back to their houses and get only filth and decay

After all the riches and power

Not a tear of pure love

And dew drop flower!

Cursed lives and feign

Another day

Another game.

Christ has come with mercy?

Wearing a politician jersey

Cold is he today,

To put all the religions and Gods to test

Risking his own identity-

And NAME!

HINDUISM NEEDS NO SHAWL

The test of times has proved

Powerful and shining

To every cloud a lining!

The warmth of Hindustan,

Heals and rejuvenates

Every mind before matter

Aum namo bhagwate VASUDEVA.

JAI RAM,SIYA RAM.

The spirit of HindutvaWherein each soul is powered with Dharma,

In every woman is potrayed SHAKTI

SITA OR SAVITRI,

THE ETERNAL CONSORT,

RADHA OR PARVATI’

BUT STEEPED IN BHAKTI,

WHEREIN EVERY MAN IS IMBUED WITH THE SPIRIT OF RAM,

SHIVA AND KRISHNA

STABILE AND BALM,

THE PALETTE FOR THE INDIAN PSYCHE,

GIVING SHADES TO HUMAN PERSONALITY,

EXEMPLARY AND DIVINE.

WHEREIN KARMA IS DEFINED ,

IN EXEGESES TO GITA AND RAMAYANA

THE VEDAS AND UPANISHADAS.

WHEREIN EVERY SOUL CAN ATTAIN MOKSHA

IN THE PRECATIVE PYRE

ROBED IN PRAYER, KARMA AND DHARMA OF A LIFE,

LIVED IN STATUESQUE DIVINITY,

AND HENCEFORTH FLOW INTO ANOTHER LIFE IN THE FOLDS OF,

THE GANGA ,YAMUNA AND OTHER PURIFICATORY.

PROCREATIVE MULLEIN,

COMMUTATIVE HINDUISM.

OM NAMO BHAGVATE VASUDEVA,

JAI RAM SIYA RAM.

Each life is beautiful

To be lived with tears and fears

To the fullest extent of ones karma’

Each sorrow enjoyed

So as not to be carried forth to the other life

And even more ,

So that maybe all sorrow

Flows into happiness and beauty in this very life.

Every soul to attain moksha

And gently flow into a better life

Not to leave any KARMA UNDONE

OR ANY REPENTANCE unresolved

For it to resound in this life

And also to the next.

Liberation comes with the proper route

Of Dharma and Karma

Saturated with prayers to the divine SIRE.

Today is the day of pawan putra HANUMAN

TO RESIDE IN THE HEARTS OF OUR CHILDREN

To show them the right path to GOD’S KNOWLEDGE AND STUDIES

WITH THE BLESSINGS OF SKAND MATA

FREE FROM ALL WORLDLY DESIRES AND ON THE PATH TO MOKSHA

MAY THE CHILDREN OF MY MOTHER EARTH INDIA ALWAYS PROSPER AND GAIN STRENGTH FROM BHAKTI

INSPIRED BY SHAKTI.

When none is yours and belay,

All unhappiness and delay,

Then the warmth of religion,

True and inspired comes in every breath,

Prana sublime and frisson,

Beatify the living,

Bedsock of the dead,

Dream of the beautiful warmth and liaison,

Only for you,

Sent your way,

To cure and heal all,

That was fake and intarsia,

The mind of the brave and ray,

Who is that changes the way?

Of all the supreme evil that bade,

Goodbye to its own evil touch,

And became instrumental to the salvation of so many,

Truth and harmony,

Blesses and saves,

The lives of so many incumbent,

To the spirit of Hindutva,

In all its mighty sway,

Feel its warmth today in your heart,

So many questions to be answered,

Only the blessed know today,

How fate gives anchor to the last breath,

Of the chosen one electuary,

Crystal clear water,

Penance and penitentiary.18-7-2002

No wound so raw –bleeding has everyone given today,

My LORD SHIVA IS THE ONLY TRUTH,

That holds this bubble of a life,

Blessed and steady in peremptory foray

May time be the infinite judge,

Of the innocent and strife.

Christians and muslims have had their say

Lots of fascism to fanatical euphoria,

Hinduism has come last of all,

Spreading the sweet music and nectar divine,

Once again the seas have been churned,

Once again Shiva has drunk the bitter venom and burned,

To save humanity from mania/idiocy,

Withholding and idolatory,

Lodestar to numinous Moksha,

Of a race blessed and roborant sun.

Terminus to all sumptuary.

When there was nothing but earth’s burning power,

The sun and shower,

There was Hinduism,

And all its mighty power,

Slowly did the beautiful lotus unfurl,

And came humanity,

But preceded by the holy sages and teachings,

Discipline and beauty,

Rules to mould and procreate,

A race seeped in Bhakti,

And powered with Shakti.

Annapoorna and Saraswati,

With all the inventions our slave

Pranic healing and samayana,

Vedic truth or curium?

Hindustan and its piety

Or draconian fray ?

Nostradamus or NARAD

One PROGNOSTIC to destruction

And other to samay.(time)

Much is there that we can give ,

To a race starved and godless decay,

But not before our beauty is recognized ,

As saviour and diety.

Once again Ram has come,

To perform his Ashwamedha Yag

In a spirit of peace and photoperiod,

For one and all,

Nostradamus or Narad?

Narad in all his musical prodromal piety!

Insouciant eloquence,and cumulative voting,

To RAM-TO KRISHNA,

AGAIN AND AGAIN.

Blindly am I a Surdas,

Loving the sweet little divinity,

Sometimes a savioUr,

Sometimes a makhan chor,

Penning my soul

IN A BEAUTIFUL LORE

An ascetic by choice,

My spirit one with Tulsidas,

Vermillion and chandan,

Manifest my Ram’s forehead,

Come to give the fruit of my bandhan

Sublime and stellar door.

Nothing so beautiful,nothing so with mentalism,

As rays radiating from a prism

Of my emblem-OM.

RESOUNDING IN THE DOME,

OF MY SANCTUM HOME.

WHEN THE RAIN SHOWERS’

AND DEW DROPS DANCE ON THE GULMOHAR,

A LONELY SOUL QUESTIONS DESTINY,

PEACE INSIDE HER SOUL ,

WALK ON MY PATH AND BEAR THIS PAIN

OUTSIDE TRINKLES OF BRINE,

CAN NEVER MAR THE PURPOSE OF DECADES,

A RELIGION LOST TO THE RAVAGES OF TIME AND HUMAN GREED,

But never to its strength and saviour,

Who smiles with a SUDARSHAN- CHAKRA in hand,

Patient and in line to what HE has to SAY---

“NOT MANY KNOW THE TRUTH OF THIS BETTER THAN YOU,

You the chosen one will bring happiness,

And be with me one day,

So do as I tell you and pray,

All will follow you and sway,

To the power of infinite justice,

In a land blessed with saffron

PREACH I DONOT WHAT I DONOT PRACTISE!

SEE ME TODAY IN MY OMNIPRESENT LITIGATE,

And reside in ME,

Away from all decay.

I am Shiva,

I am Ram,

I am Krishna ,

AND SO SHALL ALL HUMANITY BOW TO THE TRUTH –THE TRILOKI,

THE SATYAM,SHIVAM,SUNDARAM.

Away from all trishna,

AND ONLY ONE WITH RELIGION

BUT LIVING LIFE ENTHUSIASTICALLY

BE IT A SUDAMA,OR AN ARJUN,

HINDU GENESIS BALM.”

JAI RAM ,SIYA RAM.

Heteronomy999 strikes and spreads this message divine.

Om namoh shivay,om namoh shivay ,om namoh shivay.

True and divine,

Never have I loved GOD as much as today.


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