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Sunday, March 23, 2008

NUMBER 23 MODUS OPERANDI OF CARLOS ,KASKAR,SALIM ,DAWOOD OTHER TERRORISTS OF THE SUPARI UNDERWORLD TO MAKE A BAT OF ARTICLE 32 OF THE SUPREME COURT




















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BBC Homepage

World ServiceEducation

BBC HomepageFriday, 13 July, 2001, 07:26 GMT 08:26 UK
Musharraf's family links to Delhi
World ServiceEducation

Friday, 13 July, 2001, 07:26 GMT 08:26 UK

Musharraf's family links to Delhi

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"Dulhan Maike Chali" from Manoranjan
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KANISHKA IS THE HINDI NAME FOR SMALLEST FINGER MERCURY WHICH DENOTES KNOWLEDGE AND PEOPLE BELIEVING IN PALMISTRY AS WELL AS IN POWER OF STONES AND GEMS WEAR AN EMERALD ON IT.


MERCURY ALSO FORMS THE COMPONENT OF THE THERMOMETER WHICH IS USED TO MEASURE BHUKHAR OR FEVER OF SEX BHUKARI . KANISHKA BOMBING OF 23-6-1985 HAD SIMILAR SYMBOLISM AS WELL AS THE SAROJINI NAGAR BOMB BLASTS OF 29-10-2005 ; THAT OF SEATING WOMEN THROUGH SEX AND BECOMING SMALL WIFE OR FIRM YOUTHFUL CHOTI WITH WHOM SEX OR FEVER OR HOT LIFE IS LED BY OLD MEN IN POWERFUL POSITIONS EITHER ABANDONING THEIR FIRST WIVES OR KILLING HER THROUGH THE HEINOUS ARYA SAMAJ ACT OF 1937 UP TURNING THE 32ND ARTICLE OF THE SUPREME COURT BY 23 DEATH .
THE OLD MAN GETS MARRIED BY ISLAM ,TORTURES OR DOES HALAL OF GOOD FIRST WIFE AND SHE DIES A PAINFUL ,EMOTIONLESS ,BETRAYED AND DISEASED DEATH.WHAT IS PAAP/SIN IN HINDUISM BECOMES THE PUNYA/GOODNESS OF ISLAM AND ARYA SAMAJ.IN HINDUISM IF YOU DO BAD DEEDS IT IS BELIEVED THAT YOU WILL BE BORN A SWEEPER IN THE NEXT BIRTH .SO THEY MAKE THE DUTIFUL DABBA WIFE OF SERVICE CLASS DIE A VERY HORRIBLE DEATH RECREATING HELL FOR GOOD DEEDS IN THIS WORLD ITSELF.GUTTERS OF ISLAM BECOME THE HELL OF THE DUTIFUL KARVACHOWTH WIFE .
THE IRONY IS THAT MANY GOOD MEN HOWEVER DO NOT FIND WIFE AS OLD MEN USURP THEIR RIGHTS.


Ajaib Singh Bagri
IN SIKHS DURING MARRIAGE A HAND MADE PHULKARI WORK BAGH OR THICK SHAWL IS PUT ON THE NEWLY WEDS SITTING ON THE GROUND BY THE BOY'S PARENTS.



Phulkari is one of the richest art of the Indian heritage,

which is the heart and beauty of the people of Punjab and

Haryana.The shawls, known as Phulkari or "flower work,"

and Bagh or

"garden of flowers," are embroidered shawls symbolizing

the rich tradition of Punjab. Shawls with motifs embroidered

in the distinctive style of the Punjab are called Phulkari.

Shawls with embroidery covering the entire surface of the

base cloth are called Bagh.



































































NUMBER 23 MODUS OPERANDI OF CARLOS ,KASKAR,PATHAN,SALIM ,DAWOOD AND OTHER TERRORISTS OF THE SUPARI UNDERWORLD TO MAKE A BAT OF ARTICLE 32 OF THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

31C. Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles.—Notwithstanding anything contained in article 13, no law giving effect to the policy of the State towards securing 1[all or any of the principles laid down in Part IV] shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by article 14 or article 19; 2and no law containing a declaration that it is for giving effect to such policy shall be called in question in any court on the ground that it does not give effect to such policy:

Provided that where such law is made by the Legislature of a State, the provisions of this article shall not apply thereto unless such law, having been reserved for the consideration of the President, has received his assent.

31D. [Saving of laws in respect of anti-national activities.] Rep. by the Constitution (Forty-third Amendment) Act,1977, s.2 (w.e.f.13-4-1978).

Right to Constitutional Remedies

32. Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part.—(1) The right to move the Supreme Court by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of the rights conferred by this Part is guaranteed.

(2) The Supreme Court shall have power to issue directions or orders or writs, including writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari, whichever may be appropriate, for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by this Part.

(3) Without prejudice to the powers conferred on the Supreme Court by clauses (1) and (2), Parliament may by law empower any other court to exercise within the local limits of its jurisdiction all or any of the powers exercisable by the Supreme Court under clause (2).

(4) The right guaranteed by this article shall not be suspended except as otherwise provided for by this Constitution.

32A. [Constitutional validity of State laws not to be considered in proceedings under article 32.] Rep. by the Constitution (Forty-third Amendment) Act, 1977, s. 3 (w.e.f. 13-4-1978).


http://www.kashmir-information.com/ConvertedKashmir/Chapter19.html

Martyrdom of Dr. Shyamaprasad Mukherjee 23rd June 1953

After ensuring peoples' support for the agitation, Dr. Prasad decided to test on the touchstone of Nehru's statement that Kashmir was 100 per cent part of India. In this context he decided to come to Jammu without a permit. While leaving Delhi for a two-day tour of Punjab on May 9, he issued a statement that his purpose of visiting Jammu was not to foment tension and trouble but his aim was to make another bid to resolve the discord through peaceful and honourable means. While commenting on his decision to enter Jammu without a permit he said that as a citizen of India he had the full right to visit any part of the country and since Nehru would say everyday that Kashmir was 100 per cent part of India he had decided to go there without any permit.

This step of Dr. Mookherjee received powerful appreciation in the entire country. Between Deihi and Pathanot thousands of men and women greeted him at many stations with the slogan "abolish permit system" and he was assured of their support. It was expected that Dr. Prasad would be arrested before reaching Pathankot. But out of the scare of the Supreme Court, the Government allowed him not only to reach Pathankot but also assured that it would not take any step aganist him when he would enter Jammu.

The Deputy Commissioner of Gurdaspur District, Mr. Vashisht, informed Dr. Prasad at Pathankot that he could visit Jammu without any permit and the Government of India will not create any hurdle in his way. He also informed him that in Jammu Bakshi Ghulam Mohd. would meet him. But when he entered into the Jammu border alongwith his associates, the Kashmir militiamen stopped him on the Ravi bridge. There, the Superintendent of Police, Kathua, directed him not to enter into the state border. Dr. Prasad refused to accept the order and was arrested under the Kashmir Security Act.

Prior to his arrest he told people, in a message, that "I have entered into Jammu and Kashmir, but in the capacity of a prisoner". His message spread like lightning in the entire country. Satyagrahis, from various corners, started entering into Jammu and Kashmir without permits. With one stroke of Dr. Prasad the artificial wall of permit system between Jammu and Kashmir and the rest of India crumbled and with it Nehru 's lie that Kashmir was 100 per cent part of India stood exposed.

After his arrest Dr. Mookherjee was taken to Srinagar where on the 43rd day of his detention he was declared dead in mysterious circumstances on June 23.

Letter of Dr. Shyama Prasad's mother to Nehru

".... I know he cannot be brought back to life. But I want to know what role your Government has played in this shocking event 60 that people can know the reasons behind this tragedy in this independent country. Allow justice to take its course while dealing with any crime of an individual, even if he is occupying a high post, so that people are allowed to remain alert against such criminals and there was no scope for any other mother like me to wail and weep over such a type of tragedy."

Nehru's reply

"... I have enquired from those people who know the reality. I can say only this much that I stand by truth and there is no mystery around this incident .."

Yogmaya Devi's reply

"... I do not want any clarification from you, I want an inquiry. Your arguments are hollow and you are afraid of facing the truth. Remember, you are answerable to the People and God. I treat the Kashmir Government guilty of the murder of my son and I charge it with having killed my son. I hold your Government guilty of concealing the matter and of attempts at manoeuvring ..."

As a result of the rejection of the demand for an enquiry, people of India raised one voice saying that Dr. Mookherjee was killed. The life of a national leader was finished for achieving hateful political goal.

Success of Satyagraha

The Satyagrah was suspended for 13 days after the death of Dr. Mookherjee. In the meantime, Nehru issued a direct appeal requesting people to call offthe Satyagrah. It was for the first time in the history that a direct appeal for calling off the Satyagrah was issued by a ruler. The result of the confabulations was that a decision was taken to end the Satyagrah. On July 7, the agitation was called off on the appeal of Sh. Premnath Dogra and the Government was given an opportunity for changing its policies in arder to ensure integration of Kashmir with India, for which assurance had been given by Nehru, Dr Katju and the Bakshi.

Whatever Dr. Prasad had said was achieved. The Sheikh was dismissed and arrested. Nehru, by accepting his mistake, expressed his regrets over the evil deeds of Sheikh Abdullah and held talks with the leaders of Praja Parishad. The Kashmir Constituent Assembly adopted a resolution announcing merger of Kashmir with India and the President of India issued a special notification on May 14, 1954 for the implementation of all the clauses of the Delhi Agreement.

Converted KashmiR

Chapter 20 >>>

1985 -

June 23-

Boeing 747 carrying Air India Flight 182 blew-up 31,000 feet (9500 m) above the Atlantic Ocean, South of Ireland, killing all 329 aboard.

There is a symbolic landmark to this evil nexus right at the beginning of Mukherjee Nagar,with MOTHER DAIRY Booth No.53 ; symbolic of the medical termination of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee -The savior of the Kali Ma of West Bengal,on 23rd June 1953.23rd June has been used for similar criminal activities or killing of people who have tried to finish this evil nexus.One is the Kanishka Bombing of 23-6-1985 from Canada- home to festering wound of the vermin of Khalistan {Jessica Lal Murder case Mailot /illegal transportation of evil killer couples outside India};Sanjay Gandhi Murder as he had declared emergency on this filth;

1985 - A terrorist bomb aboard Air India flight 182 brings the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland; killing all 329 people aboard.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_India_flight_182

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanjay_Gandhi

Sanjay Gandhi (December 14, 1946 –- June 23, 1980)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Emergency_%281975%E2%80%931977%29

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/punjab/backgrounder/Kanishka.htm

Investigation into the Kanishka Bombing 23rd June 1985

The arrest of three Sikh terrorists in Vancouver, Canada for their alleged role in the bombing of an Air India (AI) flight on June 23, 1985 marks a crucial stage in the 15-year investigation carried out by the Canadian authorities in cooperation with the Indian government into the incident. The AI flight 182 Kanishka on June 23, 1985 from Toronto with a brief stopover at Montreal was en route to New Delhi when it exploded off, the coast of Ireland while it was preparing to land at the Heathrow airport. The mid-air explosion which killed all the 329 people on board is widely considered to be one of the world's deadliest acts of terrorism and civilian aviation sabotage. Investigations reveal that it was one of two related bomb explosions allegedly carried out by Sikh terrorists. The other explosion occurred at the Narita airport in Tokyo killing two people.

The long drawn-out investigation, still in progress, into the AI flight bombing has been carried out by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) in conjunction with police authorities in India, North America, Europe and Asia. After a 15-year probe, the RCMP on October 27, 2000 arrested two Sikh terrorists based in Canada for their alleged role in the incident. The RCMP arrested another unidentified suspect on October 29, 2000 and released him on bail after interrogating him for nearly 24 hours. The two terrorists arrested on October 27 identified as Ripudaman Singh Malik and Ajaib Singh Bagri have been remanded to judicial custody in Vancouver. Two other terrorist, Talwinder Singh Parmar and Inderjit Singh Reyat have been declared as co-conspirators in both the incidents. Talwinder Singh Parmar, a Babbar Khalsa terrorist was killed by the Punjab Police in 1992. Inderjit Singh Reyat was sentenced in 1991 to serve a 10-year imprisonment for manufacturing the bomb intended to blow-up the AI flight. Both Ripudaman Singh Malik and Ajaib Singh Bagri been charged on eight counts including criminal conspiracy and fist-degree murder.

Canadian authorities after protracted investigations have made a preliminary ascertainment to the effect that the flight was destroyed through a bomb that passed through the security-check at the Vancouver airport onto a Canadian Pacific airline. The bomb then found its way to the AI flight Kanishka in Toronto. Indications are that an unidentified suspect brought air tickets in Vancouver that allowed the two bomb-laden suitcases to pass through airport security. No passenger boarded the flight with these tickets. One of the two suitcases was transferred in Toronto to AI flight 182. The other suitcase was to have been transferred to an AI flight from Japan to India. But, the bomb exploded prematurely at the Narita airport in Tokyo killing two baggage handlers. The unidentified suspect was arrested in Canada as early as November 1985 but was released due to lack of evidence. Inderjit Singh Reyat was found guilty of manslaughter and making explosive substances among other charges and received a 10-years sentence and a firearm prohibition of 5 years for his role in the Narita airport incident.

The Canadian authorities, in the aftermath of the bombing, suspected Sikh terrorists of planting the bombs in revenge for 'Operation Blue Star', the 1984 security forces raid aimed at flushing out terrorists from the Golden temple in Amritsar. According to an RCMP spokesperson, the bombings were planned and organised in Canada. The Canadian probe, the longest and one of the costliest - the RCMP is reported to have already incurred an expenditure of 30 million Canadian dollars - was also a complex investigative process as it had too many people to interrogate in various countries. Moreover, in the initial phase, the authorities were unsure about the place or origin of the bombs - Canada, India or elsewhere. In the light of the evidence gathered so far and the recent arrests, the RCMP is in the process of planning arrests of at least four other suspects. The RCMP also believes that the release of a third suspect-although unidentified, sources claim that it was Hardiyal Singh Johal, a 'prominent ' member of the Sikh community in British Columbia- would not be a setback to the ongoing investigation process and the formal charging of the suspects in the British Columbia Supreme Court.

Immediately after the 1985 bombing of the Kanishka, the Indian government had instituted the Justice B.N Kirpal Commission of Inquiry. The main agenda of the Kirpal Commission was to explore whether AI flight 182 had crashed due to an explosion, a machine failure, or human error. It arrived at a clear conclusion that the AI flight had exploded in mid-air and had fallen into the ocean because of a bomb which had planted in Canada. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), which had assisted the RCMP in its probe also constituted a investigation process. The CBI findings established that the bombing was the handiwork of Babbar Khalsa International (BKI), a terrorist outfit in Punjab and the mastermind was Talwinder Singh Parmar, a frontranking leader of the same outfit. Since the main area of investigation is in Canada, the CBI was largely associated in collecting information, documents and evidence sought by the RCMP.

Official sources in India have reported that the while the Indian government views the arrests of the terrorists as a positive development, it would wait for the completion of the probe by the Canadian authorities before deciding on any future course of action. Reports also indicate that the government has so far not made any official request for the extradition of the arrested suspects as the offence was committed in Canada and the trial is also due to take place in the same country. Moreover, there are no proceedings pending against the arrested terrorists in India.

Profile of Accused

Talwinder Singh Parmar

Ajaib Singh Bagri

Ripudaman Singh Malik

P V Narasimha Rao is dead

Onkar Singh in New Delhi/PTI | December 23, 2004 15:06 IST
Last Updated: December 23, 2004 21:02 IST


Former prime minister P V Narasimha Rao has died at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi.

Also read: Parliament mourns Narasimha Rao's death

Rao, 83, was admitted to AIIMS after he complained of breathlessness on December 9.

P V Narasimha Rao

According to former Youth Congress president Maninderjit Singh Bitta, who was at his bedside, Rao slept peacefully on Wednesday night.

In the morning he developed certain complications and at noon, he had a cardiac arrest. At 1440 IST, doctors declared him dead.

One of his sons, Prabhakar Rao, was also at his bedside.

Later in the day the body was brought to 9, Motilal Marg, where Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress president Sonia Gandhi were expected to arrive.

The government announced a 7-day national mourning for the departed leader.

After being admitted to the hospital, Rao had recovered after virtually sinking into a coma and had talked to visitors, including President A P J Abdul Kalam.

He had suffered a cardiac arrest after his admission to the hospital.

Also read: 'PV': A scholar, a statesman

He is survived by three sons and five daughters. One of his sons, P V Ranga Rao, was a minister in Andhra Pradesh.

Rao, the first prime minister outside the Nehru-Gandhi family to complete a five-year term in office, had a history of heart problems.

http://www.kashmir-information.com/ConvertedKashmir/Chapter19.html

End of an era

The former Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, said Mr. Rao's death had brought an end to an era. He said that many had called him a "Chanakya." He was a statesman, a freedom fighter, a writer, and an intellectual who had left an indelible imprint on the nation.


June 23, 1980)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanjay_Gandhi

Sanjay Gandhi (December 14, 1946 –- June 23, 1980) was an Indian politician, the younger son of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and politician Feroze Gandhi.

Jama Masjid slum and Family planning controversies

In 1976, Sanjay Gandhi launched a drive to cleanse the city of slums and force their residents to leave the capital. Sanjay reportedly ordered officials of the Delhi Development Authority, headed by his associate Jagmohan, to clear the heavily populated, mostly Muslim slum near the Turkman Gate and Jama Masjid in Delhi. This forced resettlement of more than 250,000 people killed at least a dozen as recorded[1] and became a touchstone for the opposition.

Sanjay also publicly initiated a widespread family planning program to limit population growth. But this resulted in government officials and police officers forcibly performing vasectomies in order to meet quotas and in some cases, sterilizing women as well. Officially, men with two children or more had to submit to sterilization, but many unmarried young men, political opponents and ignorant, poor men were also believed to have been sterilized. This program is still remembered and criticized in India, and is blamed for creating a public aversion to family planning, which hampered Government programmes for decades.

Death

Sanjay Gandhi died in an air crash on June 23, 1980 near Safdarjung Airport in New Delhi. He was flying a new aircraft of the Delhi Flying club, and while performing a loop over his Office, lost control and crashed. The only passenger in the plane, Captain Subhas Saxena was also killed in the crash.

http://mokshjuneja.blogspot.com/2007/05/pavan-putra-hanuman_28.html

Maruti Udyog

Around 1970, Sanjay Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi's younger son, envisioned the manufacture of an indigenous, cost-effective, low maintenance compact car for the Indian middle-class. Indira Gandhi's cabinet passed a unanimous resolution for the development and production of a "People's Car". Sanjay Gandhi's company was christened Maruti Limited. [3] The name of the car was chosen as "Maruti", after a Hindu deity named Maruti.

At that time Hindustan Motors' Ambassador was the chief car, and the company had come out with a new entrant, the Premier Padmini which was slowly gaining a part of the market share dominated by the Ambassador. For the next ten years, the Indian car market had stagnated at a volume of 30,000 to 40,000 cars for the decade ending 1983.

Sanjay Gandhi was awarded the exclusive contract and licence to design, develop and manufacture the "People's Car". This exclusive rights of production generated some criticism in certain quarters, which was directly targeted at Indira Gandhi. Over the next few years, the company was sidelined due to the Bangladesh Liberation War and emergency.

In the early days under the powerful patronage of Sanjay Gandhi, the company was provided with free land, tax breaks and funds. Till the end of 1970s, the company had not started the production and a prototype test model was welcomed with criticism and skepticism. The company went into liquidation in 1977. The media perceived it to be another area of growing corruption. [4] Unfortunately, Maruti started to fly only after the death of Sanjay Gandhi, when Suzuki Motors joined the Government of India as a joint venture partner with 50% share.[5]

After his death, Indira Gandhi decided that the project should not be allowed to die. Maruti entered into this collaboration with Suzuki Motors, The collaboration heralded a revolution in the Indian car industry by producing the Maruti 800. The car went on sale on December 14, 1983. It created a record by taking 13 months time to go from design to rolling out cars from a production line.

Remembering Rajiv on Fifteenth Death Anniversary

May 21st, 2006

By D.B.S. Jeyaraj

Fifteen years ago on this day (May 21st) Rajiv Gandhi was killed at a place called Sriperumbhudoor in Tamil Nadu. He was not prime minister then. An election campaign was going on to elect a new Lok Sabha or Parliament. The Congress led by Rajiv was the front runner. After Rajiv’s death it was a Congress government that assumed office under Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao.

Death came in the form of Dhanu a young Tamil woman from Sri Lanka. Dressed in a churidar she came up to the smiling Rajiv and garlanded him. The chubby, dark - skinned, be - spectacled girl bent low to touch his feet as a mark of respect. Then came the explosion. A bomb strapped to her body was triggered off. Rajiv Ganhi was no more. Eighteen died and many others injured in the suicide bomber attack.

www.dayafterindia.com/nov205/cover_story.html

Was Subhash Chandra Bose Murdered?

The Mukherjee Commission, which submitted report to the Union Home Minister, Shiv Raj Patil only this November is the latest to go into the circumstances of the mysterious death of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, one of the greatest Indian freedom movement leader. The investigation into the death mystery followed many paths. The Central Govt extended the term of the Liberman Commission inquiring into the demolition of disputed structure at Ayodhya, but at the same time it has denied extension to the Justice MK Mukherjee Commission investigating the disappearance of Subhash Chandra Bose. Subhash Bose, was believed to have died in a plane crash in Taipei, but recently it was discovered that there was no plane crash at that time.

There were theories that he was in Soviet Union at that time and the Commisin was not visiting Russia to examine the documents due to lack of time.

So the habitual Nehru-bashers always came to their favourite whipping boy, Jawaharlal Nehru, who had infact setup a commision to investigate Bose’s disappearance.

Nehru was accused of being exceptional in patronising one ex-INA brass, Shah Nawaz Khan, who was recalled (virtually highjacked) from Pakistan where he had migrated after Partition, and was made a minister of state in Nehru’s Ministry.

The Supreme Court had dismissed a petition seeking extension of the term of Justice M K Mukherjee Commission probing into the disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in 1945.

The court said the central government may decide whether to extend the term of the commission beyond May 13, 2005.

“Netaji disappearance case takes a new turn,” reported the Indian Express recently , which made out that a key deponent of Mukherjee panel says Mitrokhin knew about Subhas Bose’s Russia link.

A key deponent of the Mukherjee Commission, Purabi Roy, who took off for Moscow on September 20, 2005, said Mitrokhin knew about Bose’s Russia link and had helped her locate classified information on him.

A US intelligence report, sent to the Mukherjee Commission, had corroborated the evidence of the Taiwan government that no aircrash had occurred at the Taipei airport or anywhere in that country on August 18, 1945 in which Netaji was supposed to have died.

Earlier, the Taiwan government had said there was no crash in its territory on the said day. It had also given documentary evidence of the relevant crematorium that none called Subhash Chandra Bose or Ichiro Okuda (a pseudonym given to Netaji by the Japanese government) was cremated during the period.

In an article, published in the Daily Pioneer Balbir Punj wrote that the de-classified Soviet archives may or may not be the Holy Grail of Netaji’s “disappearance” mystery. But why is the Justice MK Mukherjee Commission’s access to it being curtailed by not allowing it an extension? There is certainly a method in the madness of the Congress-led Government. That the British who worked overtime to assure Indians about Netaji’s death in Taihoku plane crash were themselves most doubtful about it was proved by two inquiry commissions they appointed, the Finnings Commission (September 1945) and the Chakroborty Inquiry in December 1945. The Frigg’s Report in 1953 proved that Netaji was alive on British mind even after they had left India.

The report of Justice GD Khosla Commission (1970) seemed a foregone conclusion. It upheld, in its very opening sentence, the findings of the Shah Nawaz Committee report, thus defeating the very purpose of its institution. Justice Khosla failed to carry the conviction of people. It is precisely for this reason that then Prime Minister Morarji Desai rejected the findings of both the committee and promised to set up a new one. However, due to the sudden collapse of the Janata Dal Government, he could never set up a new commission. It took almost 21 years for the Mukherjee Commission to see the light of day during the NDA Government.

Nevertheless, the Mukherjee Commission was the first enquiry commission to officially investigate the matter. It visited the places inhabited by that monk and examined his personal belongings preserved with Faizabad district administration. Bhagwanji was a mysterious but opulent monk who resided in various places of Uttar Pradesh like Lucknow, Sitapur, Faizabad, Basti and Ayodhya for three decades till his death on September 16, 1985. He not only commanded his personal security men but was in touch with Dr Pavitra Mohan Roy of Dum Dum Road, Calcutta, once the foremost functionary of Secret Service of Indian National Army. A few local people of Ayodhya like Teerth Ram Purohit who knew him, found him referring to foreign countries like Germany, Japan, Burma and Tibet. Curiously, the first three countries feature prominently in Netaji’s life. At Neemsar (Sitapur), where the monk stayed during 1956-60, he had planted different trees. That place is now famous as Subhas Chandra Bose Park.

However, what that “Man of Mystery” left behind is still more curious - spectacles with golden frames resembling the ones worn by Netaji in his photographs, powerful German binoculars, a coloured picture of Swami Vivekananda, some Bengali books, an original copy of the summons issued to Suresh Chandra Bose to appear before the GD Khosla Commission, several editorials and articles dealing with the Netaji mystery, a national flag, a map of undivided India, an album of foreign origin consisting of 13 family photographs of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in different settings. Out of these, two have never been seen by the public before, and not even available with the Bose family.

It was therefore, intriguing why that “Man of Mystery” never emerged before the public. Or why people like PM Roy died with the mystery. The Mukherjee Commission, which has examined the personal objects left by the monk and witnesses, will have to provide a credible explanation for all this in its report. Its insistence on accessing Russian archives is suggestive of Netaji having survived the Taihoku aircrash. In other words where was he after he survived?

Another Pioneer report raised more questions about the great death mystry. Pioneer on Netaji trail said, the man who could have confirmed the presence of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in Russia has been declared “untraceable” by Moscow. “Alexander Kulesnikov is very much alive and is serving his country’s foreign service in either Kyrghztan or Turkey,” the report says. Kulesnikov was a Warsaw Pact Major-General who had access to files in the Soviet Army’s GRU, or high command. What is most intriguing is that Kulesnikov had met members of an Indian parliamentary delegation to Russia. He shared his secrets with Forward Bloc MP Late Chitta Basu and had handed over a file in which he had provided details from an old Soviet file, which specifically mentioned a meeting held in October 1946 between Stalin, his foreign minister Molotov and former Soviet Ambassador to Tokyo, Jacob Malik.

Was Shyama Prasad Mukherjee murdered?

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee championed the cause of integration of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of India. He was arrested in Srinagar and died on 23rd June, 1953, while in custody. The question has always been raised was he murdered? The death of one of the most important Hindu leaders of India, who had also served in Nehru’s cabinet, is still surrounded by controversy.

Shyama Prasad had a brilliant career. He was the youngest Vice Chancellor of the Calcutta University. He served in various capacities, which includes Principal Spokesman of the Hindus, the Finance Minister of undivided Bengal (1941-42), Union Minister for Industry (1947-50). He resigned from the ministry because of political differences with Nehru.

The year was 1953. Jammu Kashmir was a princely state. The great leader declared that he would go to Jammu and Kashmir as an Indian citizen and without seeking any permition from the Jammu and Kashmir government. The idea was to prove his point that Jammu and Kashmir was an integral part of India and thus there was no need for any ‘entry permit’ for an Indian citizen.

He was cordially, at least outwardly, received by high officers of the Jammu and Kashmir government. He was taken to Srinagar, the capital of Kashmir. As soon as Shyama Prasad arrived in Kashmir, he was arrested and jailed in a dilapidated house. His condition of health got detoriated. At the same time he couldn’t gain access to any medical attention. Finally he paid price for his effort to integrate India. The patriot died while in custody.

There was wide-spread resentment and suspicion in the country. Leadaers cutting across party lines demanded an independent inquiry of Shyama Prasad’s death. But still Shyama Prasad’s death has been added to yet another mysterious political deaths of the country.

Timeless Mystery

Lalit Narayan Mishra's murder has remained a mystery of Indian Politics for three decades now. It was on that remains till today.

It remains till today the oldest case in the CBI files. Thirty years after railway minister L N Mishra was killed in a blast in Bihar, the mystery only deepened over the gears.

No murder trial in India has perhaps gone on for so long. On January 2, 1975, at a function to inaugurate a broadguage line between Samastipur and Muzaffarpur in Bihar, a grenade was lobbed into the dias, severely injuring then Union Railway minister, Lalit Narayan Mishra. He died later.

A close confidant of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, Mishra’s influence was growing rapidly in Bihar when it came to an abrupt end. Believed to be the key fund collector for the party, Mishra had taken on stalwarts of the Congress to make his way into the Congress Working Committee (CWC) days before the grenade attack.

Mishra’s death was followed by a chain of unexplained events. Why he was taken from Samastipur to a small railway hospital in Danapur almost 150 km metres away when better medical facilities were available just 30 minutes away at Dharbangha? And then why wasn’t the train carrying him made to stop at Patna where he could have got better treatment? It was also alleged that the train was held up at several places, delaying treatment that could have saved Mishra. All these questions still remained un-answered.

What was even more curious was that no post mortem was ever carried out. Charges were filed against 10 people, most of whom were members of the controversial sect, the Anand Marg. Of the 10, only seven were arrested. One of the accused has since died. The prosecution claimed that the attack was part of a deliberate campaign of the Anand Marg to seek the release of its arrested founder leader Anand Murthy P R Sarkar. “The people wanted to terrorize the government in order to make them submit to their demands,” the prosecution said.

One of the key reasons that conspiracy theories and counter theories continued to flourish was because those who would benefitted from the murder came out clean in the investigations. And the Anand Marg which had really very little to benefit, was found to be responsible for the murder.

L N Mishra’s brother and former chief minister of Bihar, Jaganath Mishra, reiterated his belief that there was a larger conspiracy to the murder than the mere involvement of the Anand Margis. His allegation has cast a cloud over the prosecution’s case.

Sanjay Gandhi’s Aircrash Death

Still under vigorous attack by his critics, Sanjay nevertheless was being groomed as his mother’s successor. Many people around the country feared his seemingly inevitable rise, as they remembered his tough personality and quick rise to power.

But Sanjay died before any of these future events could unfold. While flying a special plane in an especially dangerous maneuver, Sanjay and his co-pilot crashed nose-down into the ground. He was cremated near the Shantivan.

It was a bombshell of flower petals. With genuine grief, especially from his mother, also came an overpowering sense of relief for millions of people, of a terrible, seemingly inevitable future being avoided. Although the Congress Party immediately embarked on naming schools, hospitals and parks after him, once his gap as successor was plugged by his brother Rajiv, everything returned to normal and he was forgotten as are thunderstorms and hurricanes.

Maneka Gandhi split from Indira, as not she but Rajiv succeeded to Sanjay’s position, inheriting his role and legacy. She formed a separate political party, “Sanjay Vichar Manch” (Platform for Sanjay’s Thought) that died out, and after years in the wilderness, and working as an environmentalist, she joined the BJP. Sanjay's son Varun Gandhi is an influential young BJP leader. Sanjay was not a PM or Minister, but an MP for a matter of months. His tough role is unremembered by most Indians today. But his death is still a mystery.

Rath Yatra of Lord Jagannath begins

Saturday, 19 June , 2004, 09:27

Last Updated: Saturday, 19 June , 2004, 10:30

Ahmedabad: The 127th Rath Yatra of Lord Jagannath began this morning from the famous Jagannath Temple in Jamalpur area here, with the devotees chanting "Jai Ranchod, Makhanchor" and singing bhajans even as tight security was being maintained in the city.

Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi performed the traditional 'pahind ritual' and set the three chariots, carrying idols of Lord Krishna, Subhadra and Balram in motion as the beats of drums and clamps of cymbals reverberated the air. Full Coverage: Puri Rath Yatra

Former Chief Minister Keshubhai Patel was first among the dignitaries to offer prayers to Lord Jagannath while Minister of state for Home Amit Shah and Law Minister Ashok Bhatt were also present on the occasion.

The rath would follow its traditional route through Raipur, Saraspur, Kalupur, Khadia, Panchkuva, Manekchowk and other areas before returning to the temple at about 8 pm.

Sixteen decorated elephants, 98 tableaux on truck, 30 akhadas and 18 bhajan mandalis accompanied the chariots, while nearly 1200 'khalasis' would pull the chariot during its 14 kms long route before reaching the temple.

Sixty-four companies of various paramilitary forces, including CRPF, SRPF, CISF and armed battalion from Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, comprising 15,000 personnel have been be deployed on the route of the yatra. Four Rapid Action teams would maintain vigil at sensitive areas.

Security has been beefed up in the wake of gunning down of four alleged LeT terrorists, who had planned to assassinate Modi.

SIMULTANEOUSLY IN DELHI THE CBI CONDUCTED A RAID IN OUR HOUSE NO.1513 ,OUTRAM LANE DUE TO KALRA'S HOUSING SCAM WITH OSAMA DLF MGF BUILDER MAFIA FINANCING OF 2 CRORES IN RAIPUR.NOT A SINGLE PAISA OF THE ILL- BEGOTTEN WEALTH IS IN THIS HOUSE AND IT WAS KEPT IN THE RANA ALLIANCE OF MONEY LAUNDERERS LONDON CANADA MAFIA..

THE LeT TERROR ITSELF IS UNDER THE CONTROL OF NORWAY AND THENCE ENGLAND AND THEY DO NOT LET ANYONE SETTLE THE ISSUE.

AT THE COST OF THE POOR TAMIL LOCALS THE WOUNDS OF LeT STRUGGLE ARE KEPT FESTERING.

As is common to a CBI RAID the local SHO of Mukherjee Nagar Thana,SIKH KHALISTANI PC MANN; registered the case and sent policemen from Mukherjee Nagar Thana also to our house and the whole team had about 20 members.

MY FULL HOUSE WAS RANSACKED BY THEM INSPITE OF KNOWING THAT NO ONE IS SO FOOLISH TO KEEP CASH STACKED IN THE HOUSE NOW A DAYS WITH MONEY LAUNDERERS GALORE AND PASSPORT VISA RACKET OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION.CRIME HAS CROSSED ALL BARRIERS OF TECHNICAL RESOURCES FROM ENGLAND AND THE 16 COMMON WEALTHS AND OUR CBI INVESTIGATES LIKE LOCAL GOONS WITH POLICE THANAS IN A CAPITAL ALSO IN SHANTIES.

I VISITED THE POLICE HQ ON 12-7-2004 AND APPRISED THEM OF THIS CHEAT'S FILTH.ON 13TH HE ATTACKED ME LIKE A MENIAL WORKER .ON POLICE COMPLIANT TO MUKHERJEE NAGAR THANA ,A FILTHY SMALL GUTTER SARDAR WROTE DOWN MY COMPLIANT AND I SAT IN THE THANA FROM MORNING 8:30 AM . TO 1:30 PM. SIMUL TANEOUSLY KALRA WAS RINGING THE POLICE STATION AND ASKING TO SPEAK TO ME AND THREATENING ME WITH DIRE CONSEQUENCES.HE WAS CALLED BY THE SHO A SIKH PC MANN WHO HIMSELF HAD SENT THE CBI TEAM TO OUR HOUSE.INSPITE OF KNOWING FULLY WELL THAT THIS CROOK IS UNDER THE NET OF CBI THE SIKH SHO PC MANN PRESENTLY POSTED AT UTTAM NAGAR DID NOT REGISTER MY FIR.ALL ALONE IN DELHI I WAS SENT TO GANGA RAM HOSPITAL ON PRETEXT OF GETTING MEDICAL DONE.TWO FILTHY POLICE WOMEN THEIR HANDS LOADED WITH GOLD BANGLES IN POLICE UNIFORM ACCOMPANIED ME IN A 3 WHEELER .

AT GANGA RAM I WAS CAUGHT BY GUARDS DRUGGED AND DECLARED AS SUFFERING FROM MANIAC DEPRESSIVE PSYCHOSIS BY TWO REGISTERED MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS IC SETHI AND MUKHERJEE .A BILL OF 1 LAKH WAS FORWARDED TO SBI AND FOR 20 DAYS I WAS TORTURED IN THE HOSPITAL.AFTER THAT FOR 8 MONTHS I WAS CAUGHT AND FED FILTHY MENTAL DRUGS BY KALRA

IT WAS UNDER THREATS OF REPORTING THE WHOLE MATTER ,AFTER 8 MONTHS OF DRUGS ,WHICH IN ANY CASE IS THE LEGAL PERIOD FOR WHICH ONE CAN BE DRUGGED FOR ANY MENTAL PROBLEM THAT I WAS RELEASED BY THE FILTHY IC SETHI.

THE PLOY WAS THAT IF A RAN AWAY ANYWHERE FROM THE FILTHY TREATMENT BEING INFLICTED BY KALRA I WOULD BE CAUGHT AS A MENTAL PATIENT AND ADMITTED BACK TO HOSPITAL.

IN EXCHANGE KALRA REAPED MEDICAL BENEFITS FOR HIMSELF FOR THE FILTHY OLD AGE PROBLEMS THAT HE IS SUFFERING FROM PRESENTLY AS ALSO HE FINISHED MY ENTIRE LIFE TIME'S POLITICAL AND SOCIAL ENDEAVORS AS WELL AS REPORTING OF HIS BUILDER MAFIA CONNECTIONS AS WITH THE HELP OF THE KHALISTANI SIKH PC MANN ,AND HIS FILTHY TERROR LINKS HE MADE MY WITNESS NULL AND VOID BY GETTING ME DECLARED AS A MENTAL PATIENT.

THE PLANNING WAS OLD AS BEFORE ME MY INNOCENT BROTHER WAS CAUGHT IN A TRAP AND DECLARED AS SUFFERING FROM SCHIZOPHERENIA BY FILTHY GUTTERS OF DIGVIJAY SINGH BUILDER MAFIA OF INDORE.

THIS IS SIKH KHALISTAN ,ISLAM AND ARYA SAMAJ RELIGION OF INDIA RUNNING BY THE COFFERS OF STERLITE ,LAXMI MITTAL ,DLF,EMAAR MGF ANSALS -ALL REGISTERED COMPANIES OF ENGLAND STOCK EXCHANGE -MONEY LAUNDERERS WHO ARE KILLING AND MAKING MAD INNOCENT MIDDLE AGED WOMEN OF INDIA.

Army plans new Muslim unit amid militancy furore

[TamilNet, Tuesday, 28 March 2006, 02:01 GMT]
Amid a furore over the Liberation Tigers’ demands that Sri Lankan government disarms a Muslim entity called ‘Jihad’ which is amongst five anti-LTTE paramilitary groups being sponsored by military intelligence, the Sri Lanka Army is reportedly planning to raise an exclusive Muslim unit in the island’s volatile eastern province. The issue of Muslim militancy has been gaining focus amid renewed suggestions by the LTTE that Jihad has links to Pakistani intelligence – a charge leveled by Indian military analysts as early as in 2004.

The development comes amid a furore after the LTTE, supplying a dossier of evidence, asserted during the talks in Geneva last month, that ‘Jihad’ in Trincomalee is amongst five paramilitary groups being sponsored by Sri Lankan military intelligence.

Jihad’s former leader, Abdul Hakeem, was shot dead last September. His killing was reported to be linked to business rivalry and infighting within the Muslim community, but came amid a bloody cycle of violence between Army-backed paramilitary groups and the LTTE.

This week, in an interview to Australia’s Broadcasting Cooperation, the LTTE’s Chief Negotiator and Political Strategist, Anton Balasingham, said the movement can provide evidence the Jihad group has connections to Pakistani intelligence.

The activities of Islamic militants in Sri Lanka (particularly in the strategically important Trincomalee district) and their organic links to Pakistan drew the attention of Indian military analysts as early as two years ago.

“There have been persistent reports of the beginning of a radicalisation of small sections of the Tamil-speaking Muslim youth of the Eastern Province [of Sri Lanka],” B. Raman, Director of the Institute for Topical Studies in Chennai, wrote in mid 2004.

“The [Pakistan-based Islamic militant group] Lashkar-e-Toiba (LET) has been showing increasing interest in taking jihad to the Muslims of the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka,” he added.

“The LET is very close to the [Pakistani intelligence] ISI” Mr. Raman said. “LET would not have taken its initial moves to explore the possibility of using Sri Lanka as a clandestine base for its activities and for creating sleeper cells there without the knowledge and prior clearance of the ISI.”

Mr. Raman cited the activities of the ‘Osama’ group amidst the communal clashes between Tamils and Muslims in the eastern province in 2002 as well as reports that Tamil Nadu police had arrested some members of a local organisation called the Muslim Defence Force who said they had planned meetings with the Pakistan-based LET in eastern Sri Lanka.

Details of the Jihad group were among those of five paramilitary groups supplied in the dossier the LTTE handed over to the Sri Lankan government during the talks in Geneva. It included names of the Sri Lankan military intelligence officers coordinating Jihad’s activities, including a Major with the SLA’s 22 Brigade in Trincomalee.

The Jihad group mostly comprises individuals who either left Sri Lanka military intelligence wing or those who ostensibly deserted it, the dossier, extracts of which were later published in The Sunday Leader newspaper, says.

“The mode of action of the Jihad group is that each area is under a [local] head. These heads operate with the policy that other Jihad heads of other areas must not interfere in their area. Thus they all work independently with the military intelligence wing,” the report said.

Training and weapons for the Jihad group are provided by military intelligence, but the weapons are brought from Colombo in vehicles belonging to cabinet ministers, the report said, although the names of the ministers were not included.


But Muslims politicians have angrily rejected the LTTE’s accusations. An all party meeting in early March condemned the LTTE’s accusations and the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC), once the island’s largest Muslim party, has demanded the matter be taken up at the next round of talks.

However, the SLMC was itself once urging Muslims not to be drawn into militancy. In the wake of an attack on the newly opened LTTE political office in Muttur in June 2002, the SLMC leader Rauf Hakeem, then seeking an alliance with the LTTE, “condemned the sinister elements which attempt to disturb the prevailing cordial atmosphere between the Muslims and Tamils in the east.”

“The SLMC requests all peace loving Muslims to exercise restraint and not to fall prey to these extremist groups whose agendas go against the principles of peaceful cohabitation,” Sri Lankan state media quoted Mr. Hakeem as saying.

More generally, Muslim politicians have themselves often raised the spectre of Islamic militancy emerging in Sri Lanka to bolster their demands for political concessions from Colombo governments.

Even whilst denying the LTTE’s charges last week, Muslim politicians repeated a frequently aired warning that unless Muslim demands are taken into consideration a situation may develop where Muslim youth would be “compelled to take up arms.”

The Muslim United Liberation Front (MULF) leader Mujaber Rahuman even declared Muslims “have a right to take up arms if it was necessary for their defense as neither the Sri Lankan government, the LTTE nor the international community could defend Muslim rights.”

Muslim political leaders have also rounded on the independent election monitoring group, PAFFREL (Peoples Action for Free and fair Elections) after its head, Kingsley Rodrigo, voiced support for the disarming of groups involved in electoral politics, including Muslim ones.

PAFFREL has been attacked by Muslim politicians after they interpreted Mr. Rodrigo’s comments as claims of Muslim paramilitary activity.

The SLA has meanwhile rejected LTTE accusations it is supporting Jihad. Indeed, the military – like the Sri Lankan government – flatly rejects connection with any of the paramilitary groups blamed for a series of attacks on LTTE personnel and murders of LTTE supporters.

But SLA Spokesman Brigadier Prasad Samarasinghe went on to suggest Muslim gunmen might indeed be operating: "There maybe underworld Muslims who roam around with arms, but we are not aware of an armed group called Jihad consisting of Muslims."

Interestingly, Sri Lanka’s former Deputy Defence Minister, Anuruddha Ratwatte, on trial last year on charges of being behind the murder of ten Muslim youth in Kandy during the 2001 election, stated in his lengthy defence testimony that he had ordered Sri Lanka’s police chief to investigate the activities of Jihad members who had come to Kandy from Trincomalee on election day, December 5.

Muslim paramilitaries, most notably – and officially – under the banner of ‘Home Guards’ have long been a feature of the volatile and bloody dynamics of the eastern province.

The home guards are an auxiliary paramilitary force armed with assault rifles which operated closely with the security forces which are short of manpower in some disputed areas in the eastern province.

A Muslim home guard formation, including ex-militants from the then active 'Jihad' group, was also raised by the Sri Lankan military in a bid to stoke and exploit tensions between the Tamil and Muslim communities in parts of the east.

Related Articles:
30.09.05 Jihad militant leader killed in Muttur
15.06.04 Pakistan-based Islamic group eyes eastern Sri Lanka - analys..
12.08.03 Tamils in Ampara mourn victims of 1990 massacre
21.06.02 Sri Lanka to expand paramilitary auxiliaries

THE LeT & LTTE ARE THUS THEIR STOOGES ,kept on a leash as terror is inflicted on innocent Tamils of Lanka under Norway,AND THE LeT WORKS AS TERROR MACHINES IN INDIA.The Sinhalese Buddhists have the help of China on the sly ,which India dare not antagonize;seeing the terror of the 16 Common wealth.
The only saving grace is the USA of Kennedy and Nehru -1963-64.

YouTube - Masterboy - Land of Dreaming

Another fine Euro Dance Tune from the good old 90s.
3 min 27 sec -

Rated 4.8 out of 5.0


www.youtube.com/watch?v=pP3wKi5a4JM
03:56 From: Inkaico01
Views: 237,882

http://www.strategycenter.net/research/pubID.48/pub_detail.asp


Report On the International Defense Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS)
September 14-17, 2004, Karachi, Pakistan

email

by Richard Fisher, Jr.
Published on October 29th, 2004
ARMS SHOW REPORTS

Introduction

A welcome relaxation in tension between India and Pakistan in mid-2004 has not included any reduction in their respective ambitious military modernization programs. Pakistan’s defense industries displayed their progress and welcomed current and prospective defense partners at their third bi-annual International Defense Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS) from September 14 to 17, 2004. Held in Karachi, the show received very high attention from the Pakistani leadership and military. President Pervez Musharraf opened the event, and all the service chiefs were in attendance. This report benefits from interviews with many Pakistani military officers and corporate officials. The author is especially grateful for the insights of Pakistan Air Force Commander Air Chief Marshal Kaleem Saadat.




Pakistan’s President Pervez Musharraf opened the 2004 IDEAS show. Photo: RD Fisher

During the show security was very tight with armed soldiers and police a constant sight. Karachi has a reputation for lawlessness and for violent extremist Islamist politics. Musharraf has already survived multiple assassination attempts. For even a simple short tourist excursion, this author’s hotel insisted that there be an escort of armed guards in a separate truck.

From the IDEAS show it was also possible to discern the very high priority Pakistan places on funding its military industries in a search for often illusive self reliance. To a great degree Pakistan will remain reliant on foreign sources for new high technology weaponry it deems necessary to match or deter India. Nevertheless, Pakistan has made great strides in building an indigenous armor production and naval combatant production capability, which for the most part has been based on foreign technology transfers. In low to medium technologies Pakistan seeks to export where possible, to include a new class of tactical unmanned reconnaissance aircraft. Pakistan also hopes to benefit from future export sales of its FC-1/JF-17 "Thunder" combat aircraft, in advanced co-development with China’s Chengdu Aircraft Co.

IDEAS was also a fair reflection of Pakistan’s international security politics. Both the Chinese and American defense industries had a large presence. The U.S. presence featured large contractors Lockheed-Martin and Raytheon. Both hope to sell new equipment to Pakistan as a consequence of warming U.S.-Pakistan relations, a consequence of Pakistani cooperation in prosecuting the War on Terror. Since the early 1990s most major American military sales to Pakistan had been on hold following sanctions related to its nuclear weapons program. India, which has also rapidly improved relations with Washington during the War on Terror, has sought vigorously to prevent new U.S. weapon sales to Pakistan.

All of China’s arms export companies had displays at IDEAS, befitting China’s role as Pakistan’s strategic guarantor. At IDEAS it was clear that Chinese-Pakistan conventional military cooperation was advancing. But in addition to its conventional weapon displays, China was also present in the form of its contribution to Pakistan’s nuclear capable missiles which the Pakistan Strategic Command put on display.

Pakistan’s Missile Progress

The Pakistan Army Strategic Forces Command has used the all of the IDEAS shows to display its nuclear capable missiles. The 2004 IDEAS show offered the only opportunity this year for Pakistan to publicly display its nuclear-capable missiles, as their appearance had been cancelled for the usual May military parade due to security concerns. This was also the first time for Pakistan to display its Ghaznavi short-range ballistic missile (SRBM). The solid-fueled Ghaznavi, and longer range Shaheen 1 and Shaheen 2 missiles are all widely reported to be based on Chinese missiles or Chinese missile technology. The Ghauri is widely reported to be based on the North Korean liquid-fueled Nodong missile. The Strategic Forces Command did not entertain questions about these missiles, but did offer a useful video which provided some new information, while also gathering together previously released missile test footage.

The most useful new data point offered by the video was that the Chinese-source missiles were capable of very high accuracy. Inasmuch Chinese sources have disclosed to the author in the mid-1990s their seeking to develop terminal guidance and satellite navigation assisted guidance system for its short to medium range missiles, it would follow that such technologies have been transferred to Pakistan. If Pakistan’s missiles are so equipped, that would raise the prospect of their not requiring nuclear warheads to achieve "strategic" results against military targets. While the prospect of non-nuclear options may be slightly comforting to some, this capability may also increase the temptation to use these missiles inasmuch as there might be a diminished the chance of nuclear retaliation.

Shaheen 2 Pakistan’s largest and most capable ballistic missile is the two-stage Shaheen 2, or Hatf 6. At this point it has no known counterpart in the Chinese missile arsenal, but is reported by the U.S. intelligence community to have been assisted by China. The IDEAS show very likely featured an operational example of this missile, which was only launched for the first time on March 9, 2004. This missile was also displayed without the second-stage guidance fins, which had been a feature on this missile first being displayed in 2000. Pakistani placards stated its range is 2,000km. While published sources give this missile accuracy measured in circular error probability (CEP) of 300m, a Pakistani video claims it is capable of "surgical precision." This may indicate that this missile incorporates a satellite navigation update system, which may indicate a CEP much less than 300m.



Shaheen 2



Range:
2000km
Weight:
15,000kg
Re-entry vehicle Weight:
1,000kg
Warheads:
Nuclear, HE
Tech Source:
China


Photo: RD Fisher

Shaheen 1 First revealed in 1999, the Shaheen 1, or Hatf 4, also has no known Chinese equivalent, but its Chinese origins are more apparent than the Shaheen 2. Its nose section is very clearly a copy of that seen on the Chinese DF-11 Mod 1 missile first revealed in their October 1999 military parade. But the Shaheen 1 is longer than the DF-11 Mod 1 and at 750km, very likely has a longer range. The warhead stage has what a Pakistani video calls a "post separation attitude correction system." This very likely refers to technology was first developed for the DF-15 SRBM. It consists of small thrusters which can adjust the warhead trajectory for the purpose of obtaining greater accuracy or for out-foxing early U.S. Patriot PAC-2 missile interceptors.



Shaheen 1



Range:
750km
Weight:
9,500kg
Warhead Weight:
850kg
Warheads:
Nuclear, HE
Tech Source:
China


Photo: RD Fisher

Ghaznavi The latest missile to be adopted by Pakistan is their Ghaznavi, or Hatf 3. It was formally adopted by the Strategic Forces Command on February 22, 2004. This missile appears to be an exact copy of the latest version of the DF-11 Mod 2. Like more recent versions of the Chinese missile, the Ghaznavi employs an "aerospike" on tip of the nose cone. This serves to push away air, creating less aerodynamic drag for the remainder of the missile. This is also useful for extending the range of the missile if it employed a "depressed trajectory" or low altitude flight profile, where denser air would create more drag. The DF-11 Mod 2 is also suspected of using a "depressed trajectory" in order to evade missile defenses. A Pakistani video also notes this missile employs a "post separation attitude correction system" to ensure high warhead accuracy. The missile also features flat antenna arrays near the warhead stage, all indications that it employs highly accurate satellite navigation assisted guidance systems. And like the DF-11 Mod 1, the Ghaznavi very likely employs a range of warheads, to include nuclear, high explosives, cluster munitions, and thermobaric warheads.



Ghaznavi



Range:
290km
Weight:
5,256kg
Warheads:
Nuclear, HE, Cluster, Thermobaric, Radio Frequency
Tech Source:
China


Photo: RD Fisher

Ghauri Also on display was the Ghauri, or Hatf 5, widely reported to be based on North Korea’s Nodong liquid fueled missile. It has a range of 1,500km which it can cover in about 10 minutes. It is said to be armed with nuclear and high explosive warheads.


Ghauri



Range:
1,500km
Weight:
15,852kg
Warhead Weight:
900kg
Warheads:
Nuclear, HE
Tech Source:
North Korea


Photo: RD Fisher

Possible Missile Defenses Pakistani sources interviewed before the IDEAS show, as well as some recent published information, indicates that Pakistan’s leadership is very interested in obtaining a limited missile defense capability, especially to match any prospective Indian missile defenses that could be obtained from Israel or the U.S. This impression was confirmed by sources interviewed at the IDEAS show, while there was general reluctance to discuss the details of any future missile defense system. Published sources indicate that Pakistan is considering the purchase of a new active-guided version of the Chinese FT-2000 surface-to-air missile (SAM). In 1998 Chinese sources disclosed to the author that this SAM, originally designed with a passive seeker intended to attack electronic warfare aircraft, would eventually feature an active-guidance system that would have an anti-tactical ballistic missile (ATBM) capability. In 2003 the FT-2000A was disclosed in a Malaysian defense journal, complete with a new active phased-array radar for long-range missile guidance. The FT-2000 program is believed to stem from the HQ-9 program, which in turn has been described to the author as having benefited from Russian S-300 and U.S. Patriot PAC-2 SAM technology. In an ATBM mode, the FT-2000A might only be useful against short-range Indian missiles like the Prithvi or Dhanush, not against longer-range and thus faster Agni missiles.



FT-2000 SAM: Pakistan is showing great interest in its own ATBM, and a missile-intercept capable version of the Chinese FT-2000A appears to be the most likely choice.
Photo: RD Fisher via CPMIEC

Pakistan Air Force Programs

F-16 Revival Pakistan is pursuing an advanced fighter acquisition program that it hopes will include the Lockheed Martin F-16 plus one other advanced fighter. Sourced noted that Pakistan is well into discussions with Washington to obtain MLU level upgrades for its existing F-16s. Such upgrades would allow its 32 F-16A/B Block 15 fighters to be able to employ modern beyond visual range (BVR) air-to-air missiles and precision guided munitions (PGMs). During a press conference at the show, Pakistan Air Force Commander Air Chief Marshal Kaleem Saadat noted that Pakistan would like 70 more F-16s. But so far, Pakistan has sent a "Letter of Request" to the U.S. for 18 F-16s. This move conveys some confidence of gaining approval, a sure sign of how U.S.-Pakistan relations have improved since the War on Terror. Kaleem said that the PAF would prefer the Block 52 model and a commensurate weapons package, to include AMRAAM BVR AAMs and JDAM. Other sources note that if finances do not allow for additional Block 52s, Pakistan it may purchase used older-model F-16s.



Lockheed-Martin F-16: Pakistan is requesting 18 new fighters, hopefully Block 52 versions, and would like to purchase a total of 70.
Photo: RD Fisher

JF-17 Thunder The cooperative FC-1/JF-17 "Thunder" fighter development program between China’s Chengdu Aircraft Corporation and Pakistan Aeronautical Complex is proceeding rapidly. After its first flight in August 2005, three flying prototypes have been built. Pakistan expects to freeze it serial production configuration by late 2005, begin initial domestic production(eight fighters) in 2006 and move to serial production by 2007, starting at a rate of 5 to 6 a year, growing to 15 or 20 a year. A growing prospect for export orders, such as to Egypt or Iran, might serve to justify a high production rate. Pakistan has an initial requirement for 150 of the JF-17 version.



JF-17 Thunder: This cooperative fighter program led by China’s Chengdu Co. is proceeding quickly. Pakistan is to eventually purchase 150, and the first 50 will be equipped with a Chinese-made radar and avionics package.
Photo: RD Fisher

Currently the program advancing in two areas: flight testing and avionics integration. The later has entailed a considerable competition between several radar manufacturers. Since early in this program it was assumed that Pakistan and China would pursue different radar options, with the Italian Griffo being tipped as Pakistan’s likely choice, following on its selection for its Chengdu J-7PG fighters. However, Pakistani officials now disclose that a Chinese radar and avionics package will equip the first 50 JF-17s. China has taken a multi-mode radar developed for the Chengdu J-10 fighter and developed a smaller version, which a Pakistani official says, "have met our requirements—we have not lowered out requirements." These officials note that JF-17 fire control system will only need to support two simultaneous beyond-visual-range (BVR) target engagements. China success in selling its radar/avionics system to Pakistan is a sure indication of China’s rapid advance in mastering advanced fighter radar technologies. It also bodes well for the FC-1’s entry into the Chinese Air Force, which is expected by Pakistani officials.

Air Chief Marshal Kaleem also noted that Pakistan and China will build a two-seat FJ-17/FC-1 version for training, about the same time serial production begins. It will feature a lengthened fuselage and will be fully combat-capable. Despite China’s ability to offer up to up four other advanced training aircraft that are either in production, or in advanced development (JL-9, JL-15, J-10B, JJ-7), Pakistan prefers to build a two-seat version of the JF-17 for efficiency and commonality sake. It is also noted that during many missions a two-man crew is more successful than a single man crew.

Growing Interest In China’s J-10 ACM Kaleem Sadat also noted that following from Pakistan’s traditional policy of diversifying its combat aircraft sources, it will also seek an additional advanced fighter. As has been reported, Kaleem noted that Pakistan is in deep discussions with SAAB about acquiring the JAS-39 Gripen multi role fighter. He said that Pakistan will soon send pilots to test fly Chengdu’s J-10 multi-role fighter, noting it is "superior to any platform the Chinese have made so far," and that it is "to be the mainstay of the Chinese Air Force." This makes Pakistan now the most promising export prospect for the J-10.



Chengdu J-10 fighter: Pakistan will soon send pilots to test China’s most modern indigenous fighter, which already impresses its Air Force.
Photo: via Internet

In China the J-10 is in advanced testing for both its single-seat and twin-seat versions. Russian sources have estimated that over the program’s lifetime China could purchase up to 1,200 J-10s. It is often described as being about as capable as a F-16 Block 30, but that is likely an understatement. Its "canard" wing configuration very likely makes more maneuverable than the F-16 in most combat scenarios. At the IDEAS show the CATIC export arm distributed a new brochure for the active-radar guided Louyang PL-12/SD-10, which indicated this missile would be supported by a new radar capable of processing four simultaneous engagements. This very likely corresponds to the capability of the J-10’s radar/fire control system. The J-10 is also expected to feature a helmet-sighting system and the ability to use PGMs.

Erieye Advances Pakistan’s recent progress in obtaining airborne radar, specifically Sweden’s Ericsson Erieye phased array airborne radar, is the product of a twelve year effort by the Pakistan Air Force. Revealed just this past summer, negotiations are now proceeding apace and contract negotiations are expected to conclude in 2005. Delivery may begin two years later. Less clear is what platform will carry the Erieye. Sources note that the PAF would like the SAAB 2000 turboprop airliner but for budgetary reasons would prefer that this regional liner also be purchased by Pakistan International Airlines, which at this point is opting for the less expensive DeHaviland Dash-8.



Erieye AWACS: Pakistan hopes to conclude contract negotiations for the Swedish Ericsson Erieye phased-array airborne radar by next year. Photo: RD Fisher

No other Erieye user employs the S-2000 platform. At the show SAAB displayed a new model of and Erieye-equipped S-2000 with new wing-tip mounted electronic sensor measure (ESM) pods. This level of Erieye integration into the S-2000 may mean that SAAB’s offering to Pakistan may be at a more advanced development stage.

Super Mushshak Sale The Aircraft Manufacturing Factory, part of the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, will sell four more Super Mushshak MSK-17-1 training aircraft to the Uni Holding Group in South Africa. One was delivered in August. The MSK-17 is a co-produced version of the SAAB MS-17 training and Army cooperation aircraft. It can carry three passengers or light payloads on wing mounts.

Air Weapons The PAF is also looking for an advanced weapons package to accompany its new advanced fighters. It expects that AMRAAM and JDAM will part of a future F-16 sale, and also expects that either European or Chinese advanced weapons will accompany a potential JAS-39 or J-10 purchase. But in the meantime Pakistan is also trying to develop its own advanced aircraft weapons. Some reports mention a project called "H-4," which appears to be a long-range precision guided bomb. Some sources speculate that South Africa’s 300km range MUPSOW or Torgos turbojet powered cruise missile may be the template for the H-4, while another source speculates it has a range of 120km. The smaller South African Raptor may be the basis for the "H-2" guided bomb has a range of 60km. Pakistani officials say this weapon is in service. Regarding air-to-air weapons, Pakistani officials noted their current commitment to active-guided BVR missiles. They noted a previous attempt to develop a semi-active guided AAM, but had discarded this program. Other recent reports note after long doubts that this program had succeeded, that China did develop a semi-active guided missile during the 1990s called the PL-11 that was based on captured U.S. and purchased Italian AAMs.

Pakistan Navy Programs

Submarines Pakistan is to build three French Agosta 90-B submarines. The first two have been built, while the third, now being built, is expected to incorporate the French MESMA advanced air-independent propulsion (AIP) system. This system uses Argon gas to clean diesel exhaust, which allows the diesel engines to recharge the submarine’s batteries. Under optimal conditions it could allow the submarine to remain underwater for about two weeks. Pakistani officers were willing to comment that the two Agosta 90-B submarines offer decisive advantages over the Indian Navy’s Russian Kilo submarines. They claim the Agosta has acoustic advantages over the Kilo and is able to detect the Indian submarine well before counter-detection. Pakistani Navy Chief of Staff Admiral Shahid Karimullah told a press conference that Pakistan intends to purchase more submarines in the future, and is open to European and even Chinese designs. The China Shipbuilding Corporation displayed a picture of its Type 039A conventional submarine but declined to comment on its capabilities.



Agosta 90-B Conventional Sub: Pakistan will build a third Agosta 90-B with an air-independent propulsion system, and will then seek a new advanced submarine, open to European and Chinese offers. Photo: RD Fisher

Chinese Frigates Admiral Shahid also stated that Pakistan was committed to co-producing four new frigates of a Chinese design. They will be built in Pakistan. However, this deal was also dependent on Pakistan securing a $750 million loan from China, which at the time had not been settled. This program is expected to last 13 years. The frigates, designated the F 22P, are based on the Chinese Jiangwei-II design, but feature a far cleaner superstructure. These ships displace 2,500 tons and will have a top speed of 29 knots. Models of the ship indicate thus far, it will be armed with up to 8x C-802 size anti-ship missiles, the HHQ-7 short-range anti-aircraft missile, twin 100mm main guns, 2x 30mm Russian-designed gattling guns for anti-missile protection, and one Z-9 anti-submarine helicopter. The Pakistan Navy is also interested in building a larger 3,000 ton frigate. When asked weather Pakistan would be more interested in the newer stealthy Chinese Type 054 frigates, the common reply was that the F 22P program was already well along and the Type 054s are also more expensive.



F 22P Frigate: This Chinese-Pakistan co-production deal is dependent on Pakistan securing a $750 million loan from China. The program will last over 13 years and result in four frigates for the Pakistan Navy.
Photo: RD Fisher

Z-9EC To PN Admiral Shahid also stated that as part of a prospective deal to purchase four F-22 frigates, the Pakistan Navy (PN) will purchase Harbin Z-9 anti-submarine helicopters. The overall deal, however, remains dependent on Pakistan securing a $750 loan from China. Pakistan will purchase four helicopters initially, plus one or two spares. Pakistan has yet to decide on an avionics and combat systems package. This will mark the first foreign sale for a type that has only seen limited service in the Chinese Navy. At the show a CATIC official said that the naval version of the Z-9 is called the Z-9EC. In PLA Navy service, the Z-9EC is equipped with a nose-mounted radar, a dipping sonar and can carry one anti-submarine torpedo.



Z-9EC: In its first export success ever, the Pakistan Navy is due to buy four or more Harbin Z-9EC (mislabeled in this CATIC picture) to support its Chinese-designed frigate program. The combat suite has not yet been determined by Pakistan.
Photo: RD Fisher via CATIC

Army Programs

Armor Pakistan’s Army has invested considerable resources in the development of modern armored combat systems. The Pakistan Army’s tank fleet is divided between those of Chinese, Ukrainian and U.S. origin. The most modern tank now being produced by Pakistan is its Al Khalid, a cooperative venture with China and the Ukraine. Based largely on the Chinese MBT-2000 tank, it uses a Chinese hull and turret design, a 125mm smooth bore gun and a diesel engine from the Ukraine. The tank is also armed with a gun-launched laser-guided anti-tank missile of Ukrainian origin. Pakistan is now in the process of modifying this missile to take a larger warhead.



Al Khalid Main Battle Tank: Product of cooperative program with China and the Ukraine. Photo: RD Fisher

Pakistan also manufactures a series of tracked armored personnel carriers (APCs) based largely on the U.S. M-113 APC family. A new command version of this family, called the SAKB, introduces new digital communications technologies to the armor fleet, called the "Integrated Battle Management System." The prototype was apparently on display at the show, and featured new flat-panel displays in the vehicle. These were able to link with digital flat panel displays in the Al Khalid tank, exchanging tank video footage, or receiving intelligence from unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) or from rear areas.



Digital Connectivity: A flat panel display used by the commander of an Al Khalid tank. The Pakistan Army is just beginning to develop digital imagery communication gear for its armored forces.
Photo: RD Fisher

UAVs The Pakistan Army may take delivery of a new family of tactical UAVs within the next 24 months, with two companies trying to win the program. Both companies are using "off the shelf" components like engines and seekers, and the winner will likely be the one able to prove superior system integration. The Integrated Defense Systems H-2 has a 130kg maximum take-off weight and an endurance of 6 to 7 hours. The Air Weapons Complex’s Vision-1 weighs 120kg and has an endurance of over 5 hours. Pakistan hopes to sell these UAVs to friendly countries, such as Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Significant Chinese Presence

Befitting their status as one of Pakistan’s major strategic guarantors, the Chinese had a large formal presence at IDEAS, in addition to their secondary contribution thru cooperative missile, aircraft and armor. Export companies present included CATIC (aircraft); CMEIPC (tactical missiles); China Shipbuilding (submarines, warships); and GEIEC (radar and C4ISR systems). These firms displayed a wide array of products, some for the first time. While undoubtedly open and responsive to their local customer, most of these firms were non-responsive to most inquiries. Nevertheless, some of the Chinese officials were willing to answer detailed questions, and even enquire about the conduct of foreign arms sales in the West. This may reflect recognition by some of these firms that the large a bloated Chinese defense sector is not sustainable over the long term, and those firms which can export may have a better chance of survival. Norinco spokesmen were especially helpful in answering questions. Some useful points are as follows.



Large Chinese Presence: China’s extensive presence at IDEAS was led by Feng Ha Yu (L), Deputy Director of COSTIND. He is shown here in front of an Al Khalid tank with one of China’s Military Attaches to Pakistan.
Photo: RD Fisher

New IFV In early 2003 China revealed a new tracked Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) that featured the gun and missile launching turret from the Russian BMP-3. It was a long awaited replacement for a series of obsolete tracked APCs in the PLA Army. It is a novel amphibious design which employs the combined 100mm and 30mm cannon turret of the Russian BMP-3 APC. It can fire a 100mm laser guided anti-tank missile with a 5.5km range that can also shoot down helicopters. Norinco says this new vehicle is now in production for the PLA, and that it will also co-produce the Russian BMP-3 turret.



Revealed: New APC unveiled in 2003 now said to be in production.
Photo: via Internet

Wheeled Fighting Vehicles For about three years the PLA has been evaluating a new class of wheeled fighting vehicles. Two factories under Norinco have developed similar families of 6 and 8-wheeled vehicles, armed with 105mm and 120mm guns. These vehicles present the PLA with new power-projection options as their light weight means more can be carried by sea and airborne transports. Their main difference was in their choice of hull. Once company used a hull based on the WZ551 family of APC, which has a front-mounted engine, while the other uses a unique hull design with the engine in the rear of the hull. The latter offered a lower profile and thus had stability advantages over the former. Perhaps for the first time a Norinco spokesman disclosed that the PLA has chosen one of these families and will be putting them into service. The chosen family is that based on the widely used WZ551 APC family. Norinco is also now marketing this version. It appears that the cost and logistic advantages of proceeding with the proven APC design swayed the PLA’s choice. To compensate for their light armor, they will be armed with a co-produced version of the Russian Bastion gun-launched, laser-guided anti-tank missile. Its 5km range is greater than that of most conventional tank gun rounds.



Revealed: A lengthy competition to develop a new class of wheeled fighting vehicles for the PLA has been settled in favor of a family based on the WZ551 APC long in use by the PLA.
Photo: RD Fisher via Norinco

Larger Security Implications of the IDEAS Show

The IDEAS show illustrates the range of Pakistan’s security concerns. While increasingly involved with the United States in the War Against Terror, Islamabad is also very mindful of its long-standing rivalry with India. Indeed, while Pakistan is in some cases for the first time contesting control of distant areas near the Afghan border which long have been a refuge for Al Qaeda and its sympathizers, its growing economy is also being used to supply greater funds for nuclear and conventional armaments.

The substantial resources being devoted to its nuclear deterrent was make very clear at IDEAS. By early 2004 Pakistan had started testing its most powerful missile, the 2,000km range solid-fueled Shaheen 2. It had also adopted into service the very effective Ghaznavi, which can deliver a range of non-nuclear payloads with very high accuracy. The possible accuracy of the Chinese-influenced missiles like the Shaheen 1, Shaheen 2 and Ghaznavi raise the prospect of Pakistan being able to perform "strategic" strikes against key military nodes without recourse to nuclear warheads. This may raise their value in any conflict with India for which Islamabad may seek to avoid escalation to a nuclear exchange. Other reports note that Pakistan may be developing even longer range versions of its Shaheen 2 and the North Korean Nodong-based Ghauri missile.

This raises the key U.S. concern of proliferation. A "Ghauri-3" may in the future benefit from North Korea’s new generation storable liquid-fuel missile based on the Russian Makeyev R-27 IRBM. In addition, China’s outright sale of the DF-11 Mod 1 to Pakistan demonstrates once more Beijing’s contempt for U.S. proliferation concerns. The Ghaznavi introduces a SRBM far more sophisticated than Indian SRBMs. It is also clear that China will continue to assist Pakistan’s ability to manufacture the 2,000km range Shaheen 2, another example of Chinese contempt for U.S. non-proliferation concerns and of Beijing’s contempt for international missile control efforts. More recently, Pakistan may be moving ahead with the purchase of a new Chinese anti-tactical ballistic missile system if only to be ready to match any prospective Indian purchase of the Israeli Arrow, or U.S. Patriot PAC-3.

Islamabad is using the fact that it can afford new jet fighters, plus its growing cooperation with Washington, to leverage new more modern F-16s from the U.S. But perhaps a larger decision for Washington will be whether to sell Pakistan the modern air-to-air and precision-guided munitions which give these aircraft their cutting-edge capabilities. After nuclear-related sanctions were lifted in late 2001, Washington has been slow to warm to new major weapon sales to Pakistan, and the F-16 sale is especially sensitive to India. In a larger sense, India’s Air Force has more modern and better equipped Russian Su-30 fighters, which have better AAMs and PGMs than does Pakistan. But Delhi would naturally oppose any upgrading in Pakistan’s ability to threaten its control of the air. However, if Washington balks then Pakistan will place greater priority on obtaining a European advanced multi-role fighter, very likely Sweden’s JAS-39 Gripen, or China’s J-10. Both sources would very likely supply the requisite advanced AAMs and PGMs comparable to that used by the Indian Air Force.

For India, the IDEAS show demonstrates Pakistan’s determination to sustain what it calls a "minimum deterrent" against its long-time rival. While diplomatic dialogue between the new Congress Party-led government of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Pakistan have yielded a welcome thaw in tensions, this will not be enough to lead to any significant mutual reductions in military spending. In terms of numbers and in may cases, quality, India maintains a military edge over Pakistan. But Pakistan also seeks to vigorously sustain some parity, as evidence with its purchase of the Swedish Erieye AWACS system. One area of possible Pakistani superiority over India is in its Chinese origin SRBMs, which may be capable of far greater accuracy than Indian SRBMs. This combined with Pakistan’s growing interest in Chinese ATBMs may present a diplomatic opportunity: would it be possible to "limit" some categories of offensive ballistic missiles with their usefulness being degraded by the purchase of missile defense systems?

The IDEAS show also produced implications for the Taiwan Strait. The revelation of the Ghaznavi/DF-11 Mod 1 shows that the PLA is building a SRBM with the ability to possibly evade the missile defenses that Taiwan has yet to obtain. The surprise revelation that Pakistan’s requirements for advanced radar for its JF-17 will initially be met by China serves to illustrate the rapid progress in China’s aircraft radar and avionics sector. This indicates that China’s J-10 radar and fire control system will be able to fire active-guided AAMs during simultaneous engagements, matching that of Taiwan’s F-16 fighters. This might not be such bad news were it not the case that China will be building hundreds more J-10s than Taiwan’s 200+ F-16 and Mirage 2000 fleet. It would also impact adversely on Taiwan’s security if China decided to purchase large numbers of the multirole Chengdu FC-1 fighter, as a less expensive replacement for it hundreds of older J-7 fighters.

In addition, the revelations by Norinco that PLA armored forces may soon be equipped with a new and more powerful amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle, and a new family of wheel fighting vehicles, serves to increase the PLA’s growing threat of actual invasion. In particular the new family of wheeled fighting vehicles could be transported in larger numbers by China’s sea and air transport assets—which will be supplemented by access to a very large "civilian" sea and air fleet. Wheeled fighting vehicles will also be better able to use Taiwan excellent road network to achieve rapid advancement after securing an initial landing area and breaking through Taiwanese defenses.

Related Links
Pakistan’s Long Range Ballistic Missiles: A View From IDEAS

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Dubai's Emaar to enter healthcare

Our Bureau

Bangalore , March 4

The Dubai-based Emaar Properties on Saturday announced its plans to enter the healthcare sector in India, where it plans to invest a sizeable amount for construction of hospitals, clinics and medical centres for providing world-class medical services.

It will also be entering into partnerships with established healthcare institutions to ensure qualified doctors, staff and specialists to set best practice standards in the regional healthcare.

$5-b investment planned

Emaar would invest $5 billion over the next decade to set up healthcare centres in India, Middle East, North Africa (MENA) and South Asia markets.

The plan involves developing and managing about 100 hospitals each with 200 bed capacities and super medical specialities added in key centres.

Boom in medical tourism

South Asia is witnessing a boom in medical tourism. As many as 1.5-lakh medical tourists visited India's world-class hospitals last year, which is expected to grow by 15 per cent. Medical tourism in India is expected to become a $2.3-billion industry by 2012, according to market estimates.

Emaar will also be targeting the wealthy individuals from MENA who travel to the West to access world-class medical treatment.

The Chairman, Mohamed Ali Alabbar, said: "Emaar's expansion into the healthcare business is part of our holistic approach to property development and complements our earlier announced plans for the education sector.''

Dubai-based Emaar Group and Indian Partner MGF Planning
10 Luxury and 15 to 20 Budget Hotels in
India

By Rajesh Unnikrishnan, The Economic Times, India
Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News

Apr. 5, 2006 - MUMBAI, India -- The Dubai-based real estate company, Emaar Group, and its Indian joint venture partner MGF have decided to enter the Indian hospitality sector with an investment of at least $1bn. Emaar-MGF has acquired 15 acres of land in Delhi and Hyderabad together for around Rs 400 crore to set up its luxury hotel chain.

The combine has acquired a 10,257 sq m plot for Rs 199.5 crore and another 8,909 sq m plot for Rs 189 crore in Jasloa at Delhi. In Hyderabad, it is developing a national convention centre cum five star hotel project in collaboration with the Andhra Pradesh government.

"We have plans to set up 10 luxury and 15 to 20 budget hotels in various parts of India in the next 2 to 5 years. We will be investing around $1bn for the hospitality sector foray," Shravan Gupta, managing director, Emaar-MGF told ET.

http://www.emaarmgf.com/

http://www.emaar.com/
FROM INDORE TO COIMBATORE TO LEBANON

Monday, April 16, 2007

Statesman: Vedanta to build hospital with proposed university

Vedanta to build hospital with proposed university

BHUBANESWAR, April 16: Evidently conscious of the eyebrows being raised over his proposed world class varsity across 8,000 acres of land near Puri, Mr Anil Agrawal, head of Sterlite and Vedanta group of industries, today said it will try to tighten things and reduce to required area and will also add a 1,000 bedded hospital cum research institute to the project.

Mr Agrawal, who met chief minister Mr Naveen Patnaik here, said the CM had requested him to consider setting up a super speciality hospital and he had readily agreed to it. The focus will be on cancer and cardiology, he said before stating that it will come up in the first phase of the varsity project.

Asked about land acquisition, he said it would be done as per the usual government process but no specifics were discussed today.

Mr Agrawal said his discussions with the CM also revolved around progress on his aluminum project, power plant etc. “The bauxite for trial production is being transported from Gujarat and we are also mulling on importing till the mining lease which is pending with the central government is disposed,” he noted.

Vedanta will set up a technical institute at Lanjigarh for local people, he informed. It may be noted here that the company has run into problems with regard to the bauxite mines at Niyamgiri hills and the matter has gone to court.SNS

Posted online: Thursday , December 27, 2007 at 1435 hrs

New Delhi, December 27:Religious leaders in the capital on Thursday expressed their anguish over the continuing attacks on the churches in Orissa, saying violence in any form was unacceptable.

Swami Shantatmanand, Secretary of Ramakrishna Mission in Delhi, said &ap…

os;misguided' people were behind the attacks and asked them to maintain peace and calm.

'The violence in any form is unacceptable. Violence perpetrated on the innocent people is brutal and we strongly condemn the act,' he said.

'Hinduism teaches us to respect and acknowledge the validity of all other religion,' Swami Shantatmanand said.

He said the violence started on a day when the whole world was celebrating the birthday of Jesus Christ.

'We celebrated the Christmas in our ashram along with a large number of Christian priests and people belonging to different faith. It was celebrated in the same spirit and great passion as we celebrate any other Hindu festival,' he said.

Expressing anguish, the Catholic Bishop Conference of India, the apex body of Catholic church, said they were 'extremely unhappy' over the developments in Orissa.

'The churches have been put on fire and the premises have been ransacked on the very occasion of Christmas. Even the women and children have not been spared,' CBCI spokesperson Babu Joseph said.

Even the home for destitute supported by the church has also been attacked which shows the 'brutality of the fundamentalist against humanity,' he said.

A Delhi Diocese spokesperson alleged that the continued violence depicts the failure of the state government.

'Despite the curfew imposed in the area, the continued violence has proved the inability of the government to protect the life of people in the state, which has compelled the Christians living in the area to take refuge in forests,' George Abraham, the spokesperson, said.

'The community is feeling very much insecure and it is proving to be very difficult for the minorities to survive in the country,' he added.

The attacks on churches in Orissa began on Christmas after an attack on a VHP leader and even today 11 churches and prayer houses were ransacked and torched by suspected saffron activists in several areas of Kandhamal district in Orissa.

Source: financialexpress.com























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