S/O, D/O, W/O
Date of Birth
97, RAJAN KUNJ, OPP. 6th Bn P.A.C.,ROORKEE ROAD MEERUT-250001
A-22, SEC-9, OVERSEAS APPTS, ROHINI DELHI
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Diana’s Final Moments: Newly Released Crash Photos
In this Sunday, Aug. 31, 1997 file photo, police are seen preparing to remove the damaged car in the Pont d’Alma tunnel in Paris in which Diana, Princess of Wales, and Dodi Fayed were traveling. It is estimated that this latest inquest into the cause of the couple’s crash will cost $20 million. (Jerome Delay/AP Photo)CARLOS
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Through emigration the organization spread to the United States (where it was sometimes called the Black Hand). It is involved in many illegal operations—trade in narcotics, gambling, prostitution, labor union racketeering—and certain legal enterprises, such as trucking and construction, in the United States. In Nov., 1957, more than 60 of its alleged leaders were surprised at a secret meeting at Apalachin, N.Y. About one third of them were convicted of obstructing justice, but the convictions were reversed on appeal. In recent years, the Mafia has been linked with money-laundering and police corruption and has also been hampered by defections. While slowing its activities in extortion and racketeering in the 1980s and 90s, the contemporary Mafia has expanded into such white-collar criminal enterprises as fraud in health insurance, sales of prepaid telephone cards, and illegal stock market deals.
See also organized crime.
Rituals of Sicilian Cosa Nostra
The orientation ritual in most families happens when a man becomes an associate, and then, a soldier. As described by Tommaso Buscetta to judge Giovanni Falcone, the neophyte is brought together with at least three "men of honor" of the family and the oldest member present warns him that "this House" is meant to protect the weak against the abuse of the powerful; he then pricks the finger of the initiate and spills his blood onto a sacred image, usually of a saint. The image is placed in the hand of the initiate and lit on fire. The neophyte must withstand the pain of the burning, passing the image from hand to hand, until the image has been consumed, while swearing to keep faith with the principles of "Cosa Nostra," solemnly swearing "may my flesh burn like this saint if I fail to keep my oath." Joseph Valachi was the first person to mention that in court.
The Sicilians also have a law of silence, called omertà; it forbids the common man, woman or child to cooperate at all with the police or the government, upon pain of death.
On the tiger’s trail
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SHE’S out to save the big cats roaming in the jungles of India and Nepal. Latika Rana, who is the first person in 30 years to have got a Ph.D from Oxford University on the management of tigers in the wild, is no ordinary conservationist. She’s married to Nanda Shumshere Rana, one of the internationally acknowledged experts on tiger behaviour, considered to be among the best.
Meet Latika Rana in Tiger Princess on September 30 at 10 p.m. on the National Geographic Channel. The programme profiles the work of Latika’s complex and often surprising life where she divides her time between high society in Kathmandu and tigers. — NF
Now Star Wars series
John Denver was renting a home nearby in Monterey, and he purchased this particular plane the day before the accident. It was called a "Long-Eze, serial number 54, number 228vs." It was a two-seated fiberglass plane that had originally been built from a kit a few years earlier. Denver had already flown the plane into Monterey from Santa Maria, and on that particular Sunday afternoon he wanted to take it on a test spin down the coast. Denver had practiced three touch and go landings - in which he swooped down to the runway and then pulled back up - before receiving the permission from the Monterey Airport to take the plane on the test spin.
It was October 12, 1997.
This is what he was wearing: a baseball hat with "Yuma Rod and Gun Club" on it, green Haggar trousers (size 32/32), a multi color sweater, black jockey shorts (eww), cowboy boots and dark socks.
The 53-year-old singer's last words were a calm query about whether he had transmitted a four-digit code clearly. "Do you have it now?"
It was 5:28 p.m., and he was about 150 feet from shore, and 500 feet above the ocean when eyewitnesses heard a popping sound. A second or two later, they watched in horror as the plane plunged straight down into the water and broke apart on impact. Within 3 minutes, seagulls had reached the scene. Yum. I hate those things. Winged bowel movements, if you ask me, and you were going to, weren't you? They found bits of John Denver floating in the debris about 20 minutes later. He was so badly mutilated that all they could tell was that it was a male. They scooped up what they could find in multiple garbage bags, but what was left weighed only 128 pounds. Here's a list of what ended up forever fish food:
His brain, his teeth, his eyes, for that matter, 75% of his head was missing. Also gone were his right hemipelvis, and right thigh, one lung and his gallbladder. His left arm was missing, but they found it an hour or so later.
/BUREAUCRACY/CIVIL JUDICIARY ACHIEVEMENTS
INDIA IS SUPPOSED TO BE A DEMOCRACY BUT THE APEX COURT ITSELF IS DISMISSING HINDUS AND ALLOWING MUSLIM PETITIONS AT THE COST OF THOUSANDS OF LIVES AND OPEN LOOT. PLEASE READ:-
NOVEMBER 27TH 2007 -TUESDAY -THE HINDU
CMS meeting on security soon: Patil
Turns down suggestion for POTA-like law
NEW DELHI: The Prime Minister will convene within a fortnight a meeting of Chief Ministers to tighten internal security and fight terrorism.
This was stated by Home Minister Shivraj Patil in Parliament on Monday. He ruled out revival of the Prevention of TerrorismAct (POTA).
Mr. Patil urged the States to strengthen policing and intelligence services to mount a joint attack on terrorism.
Replying to clarifications sought in the Rajya Sabha during a discussion on the recent serial blasts in Uttar Pradesh, he turned down a BJP suggestion to bring in a new law on the lines of the POTA.
He said some of the POT A provisions were included in the Unlawful Activities Act.
Condemning the blasts, Mr. Patil said there was no point in the Central and State governments blaming each other after an incident occurred. There was need for "actionable intelligence" at the State· level. .
The intelligence Bureau, the Research and Analysis Wing and defence intelligence could give general information but to ascertain when and where an incident would occur actionable intelligence ought to be put in place.
Emphasising that there was no link between acts of terror and any community or religion,
Mr. Patil said: "Terrorism is a different religion in itself." Several members were, however, dissatisfied with his reply.
Earlier, amid uproarious scenes, the Opposition parties demanded Mr. Patil's resignation, saying the blasts were a failure of the government.
The Rajya Sabha was adjourned twice with the Opposition demanding copies of the Home Ministry's statement on the blasts.
Members of the National Democratic Alliance and the Samajwadi Party trooped into the well, alleging that intelligence failure led to the blasts.
In his suo motu statement in the Lok Sabha, the Minister sought the cooperation of political parties, civil society, media and the public at large in the fight against terrorism.
Reiterating the government's resolve to combat terrorism, he said it would not allow anti-national forces to disturb communal harmony.
Initiating an impromptu discussion, Leader of the Opposition L.K. Advani said the Uttar Pradesh blasts showed a set pattern of terrorist attacks.
Torture deaths have been brought about by the following cruel and savage practices:
2. Burning alive
3. Strangulation by steel wires
Torture deaths have been brought about by the following cruel and savage practices:
2. Burning alive
3. Strangulation by steel wires
THIS WAS THE PACT OF 1946 OF JAWAHARLAL NEHRU WITH THE BRITISH MOUNTBATTEN AT THE COST OF INDIAN INDEPENDENCE AFTER THE ASSASINATION OF SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE AND MAHATMA GANDHI TO KEEP POWER IN HANDS OF THE CONGRESS ALWAYS AND THAT ALSO IN THE NEHRU PARIVAAR.
ARYA SAMAJ ACT OF 1937 AND ARTICLE 370 ARE THE TOOLS OF ORGANISED CRIME AND MILITANTS OF KASHMIR AND KHALISTAN WHO HAVE BEEN KEPT ON A LEASH BY THE BRISTISHERS TO LOOT INDIA AND CONTROL ITS ECONOMY . THE HEINOUS BIG COMPANIES OF INDIA LIKE RELIANCE,STERLITE ,LAXMI MITTAL DLF ,EMAAR MGF ARE ALL PUTTY IN THE HANDS OF THE BRITISHERS ,AND ARE RUNNING THE CRIME SYNDICATE AND MILITANCY IN INDIA,MURDER OF INNOCENT WOMEN AS THEY ARE PROTESTANTS AND ARE BORN FROM PIPES ,DUSTBINS AND GUTTERS,SEATING THEIR OWN CANDIDATES IN THE GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE THROUGH BOGUS COMPETITIVE EXAMS AND RULING INDIA
THE PAIN IN THE ASS IS THAT THEY HAVE DONE THIS IN ALL THE 16 COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES AS ALSO IN AMERICA WHERE THEY CONTROL THE CRIME SYNDICATE WHICH IS FULLY ISLAMIC OSAMA BUIDER MAFIA AS HALF OF AMERICA'S POPULATION MIGRATED FROM IRELAND AND CAPTURED THE NATIVE RED INDIANS THERE THE ORIGINAL SETTLERS OF AMERICAS.
Typical Black Hand tactics involved sending a letter to a victim threatening bodily harm, kidnapping, arson, or murder. The letter demanded a specified amount of money to be delivered to a specific place. It was decorated with threatening symbols like a smoking gun or hangman's noose and signed with a hand imprinted in black ink; hence the name La Mano Nera (The Black Hand) which was readily adopted by the American press as "The Black Hand Society".
Gangsters would carry out the threat if the victim did not pay. Ignazio Saietta, a Sicilian gangster in New York's Little Italy, strangled his victims and burned the bodies in East Harlem near the "murder stable". One of the threatened victims was the tenor Enrico Caruso who received a Black Hand letter, on which a black hand and dagger were drawn, demanding $2,000. Although Caruso decided to pay, he again received a demand for $15,000. Realizing the extortionists would continue to demand money, he reported the incident to the police who, arranging for Caruso to drop off the money at a prearranged spot, arrested two Italian-American businessmen who retrieved the money. On occasion, Black Handers threatened other gangsters and usually faced retaliation. In
If law enforcement closed in, gangsters answered with their usual style: assassination. Victims include New Orleans police chief David Hennessy and NYPDJoseph Petrosino. They intimidated potential witnesses even in the courtroom. lieutenant29-10-2005
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Paris, 1900: a couple are horribly murdered by a masked man with a metal claw who rips their hearts out. The sole survivor and witness to the massacre is a young girl. Twelve years later in Rome a new wax museum is opened, whose main attractions are lifelike recreations of gruesome murder scenes. A young man bets that he will spend the night in the museum but is found dead the morning after. Soon, people start disappearing from the streets of Rome and the wax museum halls begin filling with new figures.
New York City
Patanga (1949) -
| Actors : Ajit, Cuckoo, Gope, Nigar Sultana, Rajendranath, Shashi Kapoor, Shyam, Vimmi, Yaqub|
Director : Rawail H S
Lyrics : Rajinder Kishan
Music Director : Ramchandra C
Producer : Varma Films
Singer : Chitalkar, Shamshad Begum
Theme : Love
Year : 1949
RAVI KANT SHARMA INNOCENT -MASS SYMBOLISM USED IN SHIVANI'S MURDER INDICATIVE OF IT BEING THE HANDIWORK OF ORGANISED CRIME AKIN -KASHMIR MILITANTS KILLERS OF SHYAMA PRASAD MUKHERJEE AS WELL AS THE HEINOUS RELATION BETWEEN ARTICLE 370 AND ARYA SAMAJ ACT OF 1937 FOR MASSACRE OF DEVOUT HINDU MIDDLEAGED WOMEN BY FIRST CONVERSION TO ISLAM THEN ARYA SAMAJ .
PLEASE SEE THE COVERAGE OF METROW NOW AND THE MODUS OPERANDI OF KASHMIR MILITANTS AS ALSO HOW THEY FINISH THEIR HALAL VICTIMS.
The terrorists have not concealed their first resolve to destroy the Kashmiri Pandits not only as political opponents but also as religious enemies. They have generated tremendous mass support for the genocide of Pandits through the Mosque Committees, plethora of Islamic organizations and
The horrendous torture deaths brought about by a resort to barbaric methods will cause a shiver down the spine of the worst Hitlerites. Burning cigarettes were applied to the naked bodies of Kashmiri Pandits. Boiling wax was poured on highly sensitive parts of their bodies. Nails were driven into their foreheads. Their eye-balls were gouged out and tongues chopped off. Male genitals were cut off. Private parts and breasts of women were hewn open. Women were ripped into two equal parts on a wood-slicing machine. Gangrapes were resorted to. Bellies were ripped open for entrails to spill out. Hairs from the heads were plucked out. They were hanged and bullets pumped into their bodies. Kidneys were extracted from the victims and offered to their parents to chew them at pain of death. Brains were hammered. All barbaric.
Torture deaths have been brought about by the following cruel and savage practices:
2. Burning alive
3. Strangulation by steel wires
4. Draining of blood in hospitals
5. Drowning alive
6. Beating to death
7. Dragging to death
8. Breaking of body parts
9. Dismemberment of body
12. Gouging of eye balls
13. Branding with red-hot iron bars
SHIVANI BHATNAGAR MURDER CASE AS RELATED TO 1997 MASSACRES -GULSHAN KUMAR,UPHAAR,KASHMIRI MIGRANT ACT OF 1997 ECT
THE MEDICAL DEATH OF SHYAMA PRASAD MUKHERJEE ON 23RD JUNE 1953 HAS LONG SINCE BEEN USED TO KILL INNOCENT MIDDLE AGED MOTHERS.MUKHERJEE NAGAR IN DELHI RUNNING TUITION CENTRES FOR ADMITTING IN IAS,IPS ECT AS WELL AS THE CIVIL JUDICIARY IS A HELL HOLE OF MOTHERS KILLED ALL OVER INDIA TO SEAT HOT WOMEN UNDESERVING AND UNEDUCATED BY SENIOR GOVERNMENT OFFICERS WHO REAP RETIREMENT BENEFITS BY SEATING WOMEN IN THEIR LAPS ,SO THAT SHE WILL EARN FOR THEM IN THEIR OLD AGE AS WELL AS THEIR WILL BE NO NEED FOR ANY CHILDREN.
THE WOMEN ARE JAILED IN A TORTURE HELL AS EVEN THEIR CHILDREN DO NOT HELP HER AND SHE IS MADE A SLAVE BEFORE EVENTUALLY BEING KILLED.
A MONUMENT TO THIS EFFECT STANDS TILL TODAY IN THE SHAPE OF MAULANA AZAD MEDICAL COLLEGE WHICH HOUSED THE TORTURE JAIL AS WELL AS THE KHOONI DARWAZA BEFORE ITS PREMISES WHICH IS BEING USED TO SYMBOLIZE MEDICAL MASSACRE OF WOMEN QUITE OPPOSITE IN PURPOSE FOR WHICH IT WAS INTENDED.PLEASE SEE SCANS OF PICTURES TAKEN.IN ADDITION PLEASE ALSO SEE THE MOST RECENT ART PIECE IN THE MAULANA AZAD MEDICAL COLLEGE PREMISES WITH A LETTER 9 DENOTING MOTHERS AND A YOUNG WOMAN ALONG SIDE A WALKING STICK WHICH INCIDENTLY IS NEAR HER BOTTOM OR ASS.
ALSO SEE THE SHYAMA PRASAD MUKHERJEE STATUE JUST OPPOSITE TO THIS COLLEGE AS WELL AS THE SAME NUMBER OF HIS KILLING OF 1953 IN THE BEGINNING OF MUKHERJEE NAGAR AS MILK BOOTH.MEDICAL DEATH OF MOTHERS 1953.ALSO SHYAMA PRASAD MUKHERJEE HAD SAVED WEST BENGAL THE SEAT OF DURGA MOTHER /9 GODDESSESS OF HINDUISM WORSHIP.THEREFORE GROSS DISTORTION OF HIS DEATH YEAR 1953 IS USED FOR CRIMINAL INTIMIDATION AS WELL AS OPEN KILLINGS OF MOTHERS BY USING THE LUST FOR WOMEN AND WEALTH IN MEN.
Section 503. Criminal intimidation
Whoever threatens another with any injury to his person, reputation or property, or to the person or reputation of any one in whom that person is interested, with intent to cause alarm to that person, or to cause that person to do any act which he is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do any act which that person is legally entitled to do, as the means of avoiding the execution of such threat, commits criminal intimidation.
Explanation-A threat to inure the reputation of any deceased person in whom the person threatened is interested, is within this section.
A, for the purpose of inducing B to desist from prosecuting a civil suit, threatens to burn B's house. A is guilty of criminal intimidation.
Section 506. Punishment for criminal intimidation
Whoever commits, the offence of criminal intimidation shall be punished with
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine,
or with both;
If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc.: -And if the threat be to cause
death or grievous hurt, or to cause the destruction of any property by fire, or to cause
an offence punishable with death or 1[imprisonment for life], or with imprisonment for
a term which may extend to seven years, or to impute, unchastity to a woman, shall be
punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven
years, or with fine, or with both
Section 507. Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication
Whoever commits the offence of criminal intimidation by an anonymous
or having taken precaution to conceal the name or abode of the person form
threat comes, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description
for a term which
may extend to two years, in addition to the punishment provided for the
offence by the
last preceding section.
Section 511. Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment
Whoever attempts to commit an offence punishable by this Code with 1[imprisonment for life] or imprisonment, or to cause such an offence to be committed, and in such attempts does any act towards the commission of the offence, shall, where no express provision is made by this Code for the punishment of such attempt, be punished with 2[imprisonment of any description provided for the offence, for a term which may extend to one-half of the imprisonment for life or, as the case may be, one-half of the longest term of imprisonment provided for that offence], or with such fine as is provided for the offence, or with both.
(a) A makes an attempt to steal some jewels by breaking open a box, and finds after so opening the box, that there is no jewel in it. He has done an act towards the commission of theft, and therefore is guilty under this section.
(b) A makes an attempt to pick the pocket of Z by thrusting his hand into Z's pocket. A fails in the attempt in consequence of Z's having nothing in his pocket. A is guilty under this section.
1. Subs. by Act 26 of 1955, s. 117 and Sch., for "transportation for life" (w.e.f.
2. Subs. by Act 26 of 1955, sec. 117 and Sch., for certain original words (w.e.f.
-Imprisonment of 7 years, or fine or both-Cognizable-Non-bailable-Triable by Magistrate of the first class-Non-compoundable.
Vide Notification No.777/VIII 9-4(2)-87, dated 31st July, 1989, Published in U.P. Gazette, Extra., Pt. A, sec. (kha), dated
1. Subs. by Act 26 of 1955, sec.117 and sch., for "transportation for life" (w.e.f.
A HOLDS A KNIFE TOWARDS B'S NECK AND WANTS TO KILL
HER, BUT B DIES OF HEARTFAILURE AS A RESULT OF THE FEAR
OF DEATH ;A WILL BE PUNISHABLE IN THIS SECTION AS A
WANTED TO KILL HER IN ANY CASE.
AS IN HINDI-ADHA KAAM ADHA PUNISHMENT
Getting to know G.D. Birla
N. S. Vageesh
The Life And Times Of G. D. Birla
By Medha M. Kudaisya
It's 20 years since G.D. Birla passed away. Yet for thousands of families in
Whether it was in starting and endowing educational institutions and hostels or in building temples and supporting other religious causes across the country, or in the way he bankrolled the freedom movement and the Congress leaders, G.D. Birla stands in a class of his own as a philanthropist. "The Life and Times of G D Birla" by Medha M. Kudaisya is a useful in understanding the contributions and impact made by this man.
The book traces the history of the Birlas from their origins in Pilani, their move to
Birla's public career begins with his nomination to the Bengal Legislative Council by the Governor, who picks him in a bid to strengthen the moderate elements of the Marwari community, which was facing its own struggles with the extremist and radical wing. Around this time, Birla, along with his brothers, forayed into the world of newspaper publishing by taking over two papers in
Birla's frosty relationship with Nehru (because of his closeness to Sardar Patel) suffered a little more when he staved off a move to turn the Birla House in
He also suffered considerable indifference at the hands of leaders such as Indira Gandhi, Morarji Desai among others. When their underlings took pot shots at him, these leaders didn't call off the hounds. But to his eternal credit, Birla demonstrates a statesman like quality - in not yielding to the temptation to give a heave-ho to the Congress at that stage. He continued to offer it both moral and financial support and hoped to change it from inside, rather than break ranks and strengthen the forces of the leftists and communists.
Birla rendered yeoman service to this country in his capacity as an unofficial ambassador to financial institutions such as IMF, World Bank, etc during the 1960s. His contribution to economic planning through the
The 1940s and 1960s were difficult years for
If at all this book has one big failing, it would be that it couldn't throw light on how he actually generated so much money? He is said to have remarked that his business ran on "auto-pilot" and that he was called in only to make the big momentous decisions.
How did he get the kind of managerial talent to run so many businesses? How did he handle his managers? How did he get the time to devote himself to national causes and still keep his businesses profitable?
Even with the extensive family support system that the Birla family had and the loyalty of their top brass that they enjoyed, it must have been a mighty task. But even without these details, there is a considerable amount of insight and inspiration that a number of fellow industrialists in the current generation can take from this book.
There is one passage in particular which is a must read for them - a quotation given in the annexure in the chapter on "The spokesman of Indian big business", where Birla speaks in the Central Legislative Assembly during a debate in March 1930, after being attacked by a British minister for supporting the increase in excise duty on kerosene because he was interested in oil imports. Birla says, " It is quite correct that I have a small interest in the import of kerosene oil, but in this House, Sir, I represent only one interest... . Sir, it is a mere coincidence that I happen to have a special interest in all the five things, which it is proposed to tax in the present finance bill. Sir, I am a small importer of sugar, and as such I do not like the import duty; and yet, in the national interest, I have supported it. Then Sir, I carry large stocks of silver, and therefore the silver duty has benefited me considerably, and yet I have opposed the silver duty. Then again, Sir, the income tax touches my pocket directly, but I have not said a word against it. And Sir, the proposal for Imperial Preference is calculated to benefit my own mills - situated as they are in the up country - more than the Bombay mills, and yet, in the national interest, I have opposed it. Therefore, Sir, if I have supported the present proposal, I have done so because I felt that the national interest demanded that the excise duty and import duty should be equalised".
Mr. Harsh V. Lodha (Director)
Mr Harsh V Lodha is an eminent Chartered Accountant and Partner of Lodha & Co., Chartered Accountants, a member firm of BDO International, the fifth largest accounting and consulting firm in the world. He is on the Boards of several reputed companies and has served on the Executive Committee of FICCI, and as Chairman of its Corporate Laws & Governance Committee and Co-Chairman of its Young Leaders Forum. Mr Lodha has been actively involved in significant assignments in the areas of takeovers and mergers/reconstructions and rehabilitations, international and domestic financing, project structuring, capital mobilization, joint ventures and collaborations.
No. 1D Court No. 5SECTION XVI
SUPREME COURT OF
RECORD OF PROCEEDINGS
C.A.No.2277/2008 @ SLP(C) No.2089/2007
KrishnaKumar Birla Appellant
Rajendra Singh Lodha & Ors. Respondents
C.A.No.2278/2008 SLP(C) No. 2090/2007
C.A.No.2274/2008 SLP(C) No. 2091/2007
C.A.No.2276/2008 SLP(C) No. 19040/2007
C.A.No.2279/2008 SLP(C) No. 10571/2007
C.A.No.2275/2008 SLP(C) No. 10176/2007
Date :31.3 .2008 : The matter was called on for
For Appellant(s)/ Mr. Umesh Kumar, Adv. for
Respondent(s) M/s Khaitan & Co.
M/s Fox Mandal
Mr. P.H. Parekh, Adv. for
M/s Parekh & Co.
Hon'ble Mr. Justice S.B.Sinha pronounced the
of the Bench comprising
His Lordship and Hon'ble Mr. Justice Harjit Singh Bedi.
Civil Appeal arising out of SLP(C) No.10176/2007 filed by
appointment of YB is allowed and all other appeals are dismissed with costs.
The appeals in the appeal filed by Birlas should deposit
a sum of RS.2,50,000/-
(Rupees Two lac fifty thousand only) with the Member Secretary of West Bengal
Legal Services Authority.
Such deposit should be made within four weeks from today, failing which the
West Bengal Legal Services
Authority would be entitled to realize the amount by filing application for
execution wherefor costs
would be borne by the appellants herein. Let a copy of this order be sent
by the Registry to Member-
West BengalLegal Services Authority.
( Meenu Sethi )
( Pushap Lata Bhardwaj)
Signed reportable judgment is placed on the file
SUPREME COURT OF
This Case is converted to : Appeal Civil 2275 OF 2008
Pet. Adv. : M/S FOX MANDAL & CO.
Res. Adv. : M/S FOX MANDAL & CO.
This Case is connected to :
Appeal Civil 2277 OF 2008
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The BDO story begins in 1963. Accounting firms from the
saw the opportunity to combine and thus expand their knowledge base and relative strength. The resulting Binder Seidman International Group worked together as a network of firms until 1973, when the common name of Binder Dijker Otte & Co was adopted.
In 1988, a world wide structure was formed and to ensure that local strength retained its prevalence as one of the network’s underlying goals, the acronym of BDO was agreed upon, placed before each local Member Firm’s name. At the same time, a logo and corporate identity was created that promoted consistency throughout the network.
Since then, the BDO network has undergone a transformation that now sees it as the world’s fifth largest accounting network, with more than 620 offices in over 110 countries. A combined workforce of almost 32,000 people continues to promote and extend the values and objectives foreseen from the outset. BDO is known for client rapport and partner accessibility, for extensive local knowledge combined with a global outlook, and for partners and staff who are challenging, ethical and practical in their approach and advice to clients.
The organisation’s growth has continued year on year and the international network continues to serve BDO and its clients well in changing economic and market conditions. BDO has weathered the accountancy scandals around the world and embraced the new regime of Sarbanes-Oxley. BDO Member Firms use a best practice approach to methodology and international collaboration and this, along with an unchallenged knowledge and understanding at a local level, makes them able to do this in a manner which preserves both our reputation and our transparency to the market.
Auditors, accountants and advisers are operating in a world of five dimensions: Clients - and prospective clients –the principal stakeholders
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THE M.P. BIRLA GROUP: SERVING HUMANITY
"From God we receive and to God we offer"
The M.P. Birla Foundation is the nodal body of the group for its philanthropic and charitable activities covering the fields of education, health care and scientific research, as well as literary, cultural and purely charitable areas.
Other Philanthropic Activities
Other Charitable Activities
A premier educational institution of Kolkata has about 13,000 students. The School figured in the Guinness Book of World Records between 1984 and 1992 as the largest educational institution in the world. It has excellent results in its public examinations with its students figuring consistently in the merit list of the top 20 in
To encourage academic and extra-academic excellence amongst the student community, the M.P. Birla Foundation has established the M. P. Birla Smarak Kosh (South Point) to award toppers, all-rounders and other talented students of
2. M.P. BIRLA FOUNDATION HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL, KOLKATA:
A premier school in south Kolkata, it has about 2,700 students. The School lays emphasis on values and principles, skills and knowledge and encourages students to strive for excellence in all their fields of endeavor.
3. M.P. BIRLA SHIKSHA BHAWAN,
With a view to imparting formal education to students from the backward areas, a school was established at Jhusi, near
4. M.P. BIRLA INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE, REWA :
Considering the importance of imparting vocational training courses, Industrial Training Institute at Rewa, Madhya Pradesh, was established. The Institute imparts vocational training courses in Computers, Electronics, Electricals, Mechanics, Tailoring etc.
5. BIRLAPUR VIDYALAYA , BIRLAPUR ,
Fairly adequate educational facilities, up to the secondary school level, are provided to meet the requirements of the Group's employees and residents of surrounding areas.
6. SARADA KANYA VIDYAPITH, BARRACKPORE,
Sarada Kanya Vidyapith was set up in association with the Ramakrishna Vivekananda Mission at Barrackpore, and has about 1,000 girls on its rolls. It maintains a free hostel, which houses approximately 160 poor and destitute students of the school.
7. M. P. BIRLA FOUNDATION VEDA SANSKRIT PATHSHALA, BANGALORE:
To fulfill the aspirations of people interested in Vedic studies as well as to promote the Sanskrit language, classes are being conducted at Bangalore under the aegis of the M. P. Birla Foundation. About 200 students are presently undergoing the courses offered by this Centre.
8. BIRLA VIKAS VIDYALAYA, SATNA, MADHYA PRADESH
The management of Satna Cement Works runs a
9. SCHOOL AT CHITTORGARH, RAJASTHAN
To provide quality education at Chittorgarh, a secondary school was set up which has now about 750 students.
1. BOMBAY HOSPITAL, MUMBAI:
One of the largest hospitals in the private sector in
RAMESHWAR DAS BIRLA SMARAK KOSH :
R. D. Birla National Award has been instituted by the Kosh under the aegis of
2. BELLE VUE CLINIC, KOLKATA :
Considered a premier health care institution at Kolkata, Belle Vue Clinic provides the best medical care and conduct medical research. The Clinic houses state-of-the-art equipment. The 130-bed Clinic has, apart from various diagnostic departments, Intensive Cardiac Care and Critical Care sections for cardiac and trauma cases and a Nephrology unit.
3. M. P. Birla Eye Clinic, Kolkata
4. M.P. BIRLA MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTRE:
The M. P. Birla Medical Research Centre has three research laboratories in Kolkata, Birlapur and Satna. All the three laboratories are actively pursuing research work in the field of medical sciences.
Established by the M.P. Birla Foundation in 1991 on a 37 acre area adjacent to the Satna Cement Plant,
It has the infrastructure facilities catering to various medical disciplines to meet the requirements of the locality. Specialized advice from experts is also provided.
7. DISPENSARY AT
Looking at the need of medical facilities in the backward and rural area of Jhusi, near
The 10 bed hospital was established in 1989 and is managed in association with the Ramakrishna Vivekananda Mission. About 10,000 patients avail of its facilities every year.
Other Philanthropic Activities
1. M.P. BIRLA PLANETARIUM, KOLKATA:
The M.P. Birla Planetarium, set up in July 1962, one of the largest in
2. EXPRESS DAIRY, BEHALA, KOLKATA:
The Express Dairy in Kolkata distributes about 5,000 liters of high quality milk daily. The motivation behind running the dairy is the desire to nurture cows and serve the community at the same time.
Spread on an 85-bigha plot, the Society is engaged since 1987 in research on agricultural and horticultural activities. The Society’s mission includes the popularization of the use of organic fertilizer and ensure ecological balance.
4. PUBLICATION OF BOOKS:
The Research and Publication Unit of the M.P. Birla Foundation embarked on the publication of the series titled "Classics of the East". The Foundation has till date published 12 books, namely:
Hitopadesa, Tiruvalluvar Tirukkural, Mahanama Mahavamsa, Classical Chinese Poetry, Katha Sarit Sagar, Kautilya’s Arthasashtra,
Synthesis of Yoga, Shri Guru Granth Sahib, Rabindranath Tagore - Three Plays,
5. M.P. BIRLA LECTURING CHAIR IN THE
The M. P. Birla Foundation instituted the M.P. Birla Lecturing Chair in various British universities.
Other Charitable Activities
1. RENOVATION OF ANCIENT TEMPLES:
M. P. Birla Foundation is taking up the task of renovation and repairs of ancient Indian temples in different parts of the country. A number of temples in
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3. DONATION FOR CHARITABLE PURPOSES:
Various charitable trusts, regularly provide contributions, donations and assistance. The M. P. Birla Seminar Hall of the National Institute of Prakrit Studies and Research at Dhavaltirtha, Shravanbelagola (Karnataka), the M. P. Birla Auditorium of Rajasthan Bhavan at
4. MASS MARRIAGES:
The R.D. Birla Kalyan Nidhi Trust, set up in 1990, provides funds every year for conducting mass marriages at Dharmasthala in Karnataka through Mr. D. Veerendra Heggade, Dharmadhikari. It also contributes and supports the marriage of daughters of other poor and needy persons.
5. REST HOUSE FOR PILGRIMS AT JOSHIMATH :
The Seva Nidhi Trust, provides clean accommodation at subsidised rates to pilgrims going to and coming from the holy shrine of Badrinath - Kedarnath at its Rest House at Joshimath in the Garhwal region of Uttar Pradesh.
6. SC dismisses Birlas' plea, imposes Rs 10 lakh
- Posted online:
Monday , March 31, 2008at
Monday , March 31, 2008at
New Delhi, March 31: The Birla family's bid to protect the Rs 5,000 crore estate of late Priyamvada Birla suffered a set back on Monday with the Supreme Court dismissing three petitions that challenged the Calcutta High Court order which denied them the right to object to her purported 1999 Will.
11. It also dismissed another petition filed by Birlas' challenging Chartered Accountant R S Lodha's right to object to M P Birla and his wife Priyamvada's 1982 Will, through which the couple left their property for charity.
12. However, through a purportedly revised 1999 Will after her husband's death, Priyamvada had bequeathed her Rs 5,000 crore estate to Lodha.
13. A bench headed by Justice S B Sinha, while dismissing the petitions, has imposed cost of Rs 10 lakh (2.5 lakh each) on the petitions filed by the three Birla family members - K K Birla, B K Birla and Yashovardhan Birla.
14. It also directed the Birlas to deposit the money with the West Bengal Legal Services Cell within four weeks. However, the bench while dismissing Lodha's petition
15. upheld the caveatable interest of another Birla family member, G P Birla, executor of the purported July 13, 1982 Will of M P Birla and his wife Priyamvada. Earlier, the High Court had held that G P Birla only had the right to challenge the purported 1999 will as a 'sham and invalid document'.
16. The apex court also allowed Lodha's plea challenging the appointment of Yashovardhan Birla as executor of the Will.
17. Justice Sinha while reading the operative portion of the judgement also directed the High Court to decide the probate pleas expeditiously and hear the Priyamvada 1999 Will first, followed by the 1982 Will of M P Birla.
18. Challenging the High Court's decision, K K Birla, B K Birla and Yashovardhan Birla had submitted that it was not merely the power of the trustees but also their duty to see that the Rs 5,000-crore Priyamvada Birla estate was not being appropriated and was given to three public charities as designated under the mutual Wills executed by M P Birla and Priyamvada in 1982.
19. As trustees and potential beneficiaries under the mutual Wills of 1982, they were duty bound to contest the Will of 1999 and oppose the grant of probate so that they were not being accused of breach of trust, they argued.
20. Lodha, on the other hand, said under the 1982 Will, M P Birla's widow Priyamvada Birla had got the absolute rights in the property, and she had bequeathed the entire estate to Lodha after her death in July 2004 through a Will of 1999.
21. "The three Birla members are opposing the probate because they have got nothing and want to claim interest by contesting the 1999 Will," he said in its petition.
22. Their interests can be carried on by other Birla family member and the executor of the purported
23. According to the petitions, the three Birla family members in their capacities as relatives of the deceased, had interests coupled with duty to ensure that the wishes of M P Birla (being a Hindu) to attain spiritual well being and atonement of his sins, if any, by bequeathing his property to charity after his demise or his wife's demise were fulfilled.
24. They further added that a Hindu by religion considered charity an essential part of religion, whereby he or she attains spiritual benefit.
SUPREME COURT OF
TODAY I DISCOVERED ON THE INTERNET THAT WHAT I HAVE SUFFERED BY THE FILTHY SYNDICATE NETWORK OF CONGRESS BEING RUN BY DIGVIJAY SINGH IS NOT TARGETED TOWARDS MY FAMILY ALONE IN JABALPUR INDORE AND DELHI,BUT THERE ARE OTHER PEOPLE AS WELL AS WELL PROOFS OF ALL THE DIRTY WORK BEING DONE BY HIM.THE MEDICAL TOURISM ORGAN TRADE OF THE GULFI N GANGA RAM HOSPITAL,THE SUPPLY OF GIRLS FROM MUKHERJEE NAGAR TUITION CENTRES,TERROR ISLAMIC NETWORK STATIONED IN THE HOUSES OF DELHI AS TENANTS,COUNTERFEIT CURRENCY,CRICKET BETTING -ALL ARE THE HANDIWORK OF THE CONGRESS UNDER WORLD DIGVIJAY SINGH.
THE MAIN TARGETS ARE OF COURSE WOMEN WITH PSYCHOLOGICALLY PISSED SONGS LIKE ;-
"MEINE HAR LAMHA JISSE CHAHA JISSE POOJA ,USNE YAARON MERA DIL TODA TANHA TANHA CHODA"
WITH MEN ABANDONING THEIR FAMILIES OF 20 YEARS AND FORSAKING THEIR GOOD KARVACHOWTH WIVES- FOR JOBS IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR AND ABROAD WITH BRAND NEW BITCHES AS WIVES.PROSISTUTION HAS NOW BECOME TUTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TERROR IS BEING UNLEASHED BY SUCH SONGS BEING DISHED OUT FROM THE FILTHY MOVIE WORLD OF TODAY.EVEN THE PROVIDENT FUNDS ARE BEING EMPTIED WITH GOOD WOMEN OUT ON THE STREETS.HINDUISM IS GOING TO FINISH AS WELL AS THE COUNTRY.THIS IS JUST NOT THE MATTER OF HINDUISM BUT THE COUNTRY AND ITS INFRASTRUCTURE WILL BREAK DOWN WITH THE COMPANIES LIKE RELIANCE ,STERLITE ,SUNIL MITTAL,LAKSHMI MITTAL,JET AIRWAYS -ALL BACKED BY ISLAMIC TERROR AND TOTALLY ANTI NATIONAL.PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING AND SEE IF IT MATCHES MY HOUSE CONDTIONS.THE ARCHIVED MATERIAL IS NO LONGER ON THE INTERNET AND IS OF 1999,THE YEAR JESSICA LAL WAS MURDERED .IT PERTAINS TO THE MURDER OF GULSHAN KUMAR AS ALSO THE ROYAL MASSACRE OF NEPAL,IN WHICH DEVANI RANA/LATIKA RANA PLAYED A SEXUAL ROLE TO FINISH HINDU FAMILIES.WOMEN LIKE THESE ARE NOT ONLY FINISHING FAMILIES BUT ARE GOING TO DESTROY THE INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE COUNTRY WITH DIGVIJAY SINGH AS THEY HAVE EATEN INTO THE ROOTS OF THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS AND OLD FAMILIES OF THE COUNTRY.
"mamta dhody kalra ,1513,outram lane ,mukherjee nagar,delhi-9
Probe ordered into Gulshan murder witness's death
'When they can kill a man like Gulshan Kumar, who are we?'
Ask no questions. You will get no answers in Jeet Nagar, Four Bungalows, in the northwestern
This is a mohalla quite unlike others of its hustling, bustling ilk. The silence here is laced with fear.
So a question like 'Did you see Gulshan Kumar being killed?' will fetch you a flat NO.
"I started this shop only a year ago. I know nothing about the case," says the local barber.
"I shifted only two years ago. Gulshan Kumar was killed four years ago," nods the laundry man.
Declares a woman who refuses to divulge her identity, "Whatever happened four years ago, I cannot recall."
"When they can kill a man like Gulshan Kumar, who are we? We are small people. Please don't ask so many questions," adds another neighbour.
Probe deeper and you realise that the people of the locality held Kumar in great respect.
The music baron was a regular devotee at the mohalla's Shiva temple. He would visit the temple twice daily, praying for an hour each time. On each of his visits, he was accompanied by 49-year-old Ramchandra Ananda Lavangare, a plumber. The police later identified him in their first information report as a former chairperson of the mandal that built the temple.
It was Gulshan Kumar whose funds transformed what once was a nondescript Shiva temple into a twenty-foot marbled place of worship.
On that fateful day, Kumar and Lavangare were returning from the temple when an unknown man came up behind Kumar and shot him. The driver of Kumar's Opel Astra threw a water can on the attacker to stop him from taking his next shot.
But another assailant rushed in and shot Kumar. He then aimed at the driver and Lavangare. While the driver was hurt, a bullet whistled between Lavangare's legs. Meanwhile, a third attacker shot Kumar.
In the ensuing chaos, two bystanders, Madhukar Gopal Kawankar and Subhash Bajirao, were injured.
"Initially, I thought someone was bursting crackers. But when I came out of my house, I saw that Gulshan Kumar had been shot," says a woman resident.
"We put Gulshan Kumar and his driver in his Opel Astra. Rajesh Johari [another bystander] drove them to
"We all cried when he died. No one came forward to help him. The killers had just left the place when I came out of my house," says another woman.
"He would always give us chocolates and sweets," recalls a child. "I cannot believe that he is no more."
He is merely echoing the sentiments of the people of Jeet Nagar, who have since placed Kumar's photograph adjacent to Shiva's idol.
A woman resident ends with the question that still begs an answer: "I can't believe how a nice man like him could have enemies!"
The Islamic mafia's terror network - Part 1
: Who was Gulshan Kumar, the Cassette King? He started out life as a humble fruit juice seller's son in Darya Gary market in Old Delhi. He wanted to make it big in
: It was with his foray into the Indian film industry that Gulshan took his first step into the jaws of the Muslim Mafia network without which Bollywood simply can not exist. For decades the film industry has been the money spinning machine and media arm of the Islamic Mafia. The Indian film industry serves a twofold purpose for the international Islamic Mafia which is headquartered in UAE and
: 1) With a turnover of over Rs. 7000 Crore, the Indian film industry has become one of the biggest money making operations for the Islamic Mafia. Although it is not as profitable as drug-trafficking, sale of illegal arms, prostitution rings or counterfeit money, it certainly does help to line the pockets and provides valuable interface to politicians and industrialists who are enamoured of the glamour and glitter of Cinema magic.
: 2) But the real reason why the Indian film industry is so important to the Islamic Mafia, is the fact that it serves as the best possible propaganda tool in a country of over 950 million people. A blatant glorification of Islam and an utterly distorted insulting portrayal of Hinduism are the tools that it uses constantly to affect Indians' psyche and effectively utilize information warfare. Hindu culture is consistently given the mantle of a backward, intolerant, illogical culture, whereas Islamic concepts, ideas, and judgements are given the legitimacy of truth. One of the most successful byproducts of this psychological manipulation has been the corruption of Hindi, via the glorification of Arabicised Urdu words. In popular films and music, Urdu is always used in order to condition the Indian public. In other instances, terrorism which usually stems from Islamic quarters in
: " Bahut ho gayi teri puja, ab upar ja ke aur karo" (You have prayed enough to your idols down here, now go up there and do it.)
: A chilling reminder of the fact that Islam and the Islamic Mafia will do its best to eliminate any Hindu who dares to reaffirm his faith loud and clear in
: Who were Gulshan Kumar's enemies? What was his crime?
: The clues to the answer apparently lie with music director Nadeem Saifee. In 1997, Nadeem's solo album Hai Ajnabi bombed. He wanted Gulshan Kumar to finance his next private album. Gulshan Kumar wisely decided that Nadeem was not destined to be a chartbuster and refused outright. An enraged Nadeem who was obviously used to displaying arrogance in lieu of his Islamic godfather's protection started threatening Kumar saying "Have you got a call or not? My "Chahnewaale" (friends) will call you. You don't know who I am."
: By May 1997, Abdul Qayoom Ansari alias Abu Salem, a 29-year-old Dubai-based member of the Islamic Mafia, who is also known as one of the "arms" of kingpin Dawood Ibrahim, had called up Gulshan Kumar on his mobile and curtly told him to call back at a Dubai mobile number. When Gulshan called the number back, an amount to the tune of 10 Crore Rupees was quoted and Kumar was threatened with dire consequences if he failed to cough up the dough. Kumar, a man who had managed to survive in the Film Industry long enough without giving in to the Islamic Mafia of ISI's underworld dons, refused to pay outright. Even when Abu Salem sent his Mullah terrorists to Gulshan in person, the wary devotee refused to budge an inch. .
: Who is Abu Salem?? He is accused number 87 in the
: The first ever trap (which is known as `fielding', in the underworld slang) was laid with the blessing of nadeem and his "godfather" Dawood . The trap for killing Gulshan Kumar was laid between July 15 and 20, while he was shooting for his forthcoming untitled film at the Jasdanwala Bungalow at
: When Gulshan Kumar refused Abu Salem's threats of extortion, he was enraged at the "Kafir" Hindu's insolence and ordered the hit. Apart from Kumar's 250-crore annual turnover from Super Cassettes and Music Industries, his religiosity and lavish expenditure for devotional purposes including a `langar' at Vaishnodevi temple, where Rs 5 lakh was spent every month had become eyesores for the Islamic Mafia.
: Abu Salem had been chosen as the key operational head in
: Was it simply because Gulshan Kumar did not give in to this nefarious plan, that his body lay riddled with bullets in front of the
: Bollywood's links with Mumbai's underworld were always known. But the extent of its involvement with the Islamic Mafia became apparent only after Gulshan Kumar's death, a man who was murdered simply because he was a Hindu success story. "When the underworld approaches you, you cannot refuse.", these were the chilling words of Nadeem Saifee, the main accused in the Gulshan Kumar murder case.
: A month later a casual friend of Gulshan Kumar and writer-director Mukul Anand died unexpectedly of a "heart attack" in his sister's home in Mumbai. Anand had been in the process of making a movie on
: What is even more shocking to discover is that EIGHT months before Abu Salem ordered the cold blooded of Gulshan Kumar , the CBI had requested his extradition from the UAE government. However, the request became just another of the 35 others pending with the Government of United Arab Emirates and like the other requests, this too was put on the backburner. The CBI is not too optimistic about getting back any of the members of the Dawood gang, hawala dealers and arms and drugs smugglers who are responsible for the most heinous crimes committed against
: The Arab provision of shelter to these hard core terrorists and criminals provides convincing evidence that the conspiracy to create chaos and panic in
: The breadth and depth of this net of crime and the virulently anti Indian activities it breeds are spread unimaginably far. The extent of involvement is so deep, that the public knows not even one hundredth of the details of this story.
: Next week I will delve further into the underworld net of the Islamic Mafia which has spread its poisonous tentacles deep into
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The Islamic mafia's terror network - Part 2
COPIED FROM THE SWORD OF TRUTH
The Islamic mafia's terror network - Part 2 by Aditi Chaturvedi
Last week we had ended with the catalytic event of Gulshan Kumar's death and the incredibly complicated Islamic Mafia terror network that it unearthed. Although Gulshan Kumar was certainly not the first victim of the Muslim Mafia, nor was his death the first indicator of the underlying network, but what was truly shocking about the murder of Gulshan Kumar was the brutality of the killing. In addition, the fact that an eminent individual like Kumar could be murdered in broad daylight on the streets of Mumbai, proves as a chilling wake up call to the extent of power that the Islamic Mafia has come to wield.
However the most troubling aspect of this incident was the implication that the film industry of India, which wields perhaps the maximum media influence on its impressionable public, was so deeply entrenched in the dirty miasma of terrorism and crime. Bollywood's link with this dark and sinister world is nothing new. Over 95% of the Indian Film industry is not only aware of the Islamic Mafia, but also deeply involved in courting and patronizing them. The remaining 5% are fully aware of the problem but find ingenious ways to avoid the net. The ones who successfully manage to pull off this feat however usually turn into prime targets, as was the case with Gulshan Kumar.
That Nadeem Saifee, the prime accused in Gulshan Kumar's murder , was deeply involved with the Islamic Mafia is an understatement. Further investigation into his background provides clear proof of his complicity. During the Mumbai riots in 1993, Nadeem was sheltered by Yusuf Lakdawala, who is a film producer well known for his connections to Dawood and the Mafia. Lakdawala was later also implicated as one of the accused responsible for the
Abu Salem was a well known good friend of Nadeem who always made it a point to make social calls and sent complimentary gifts to keep
Nadeem's confession provides clear hard evidence of Bollywood's relationship with the Muslim Mafia. Other pieces of evidence also began surfacing which helped to piece together the puzzle of Nadeem's actual role in the Mafia network. It seems apparent that Nadeem was a point man, meaning an industry informer for the Mafia. He would convey crucial information such as, who was making money, who signed up for a film, current prices and which films to sabotage, etc. The information was essential for the Mafia to determine targets for extortion, whom to threaten and sabotage. In fact Nadeem even had the audacity to call up Gulshan Kumar once, where he pressurized him to "talk to the people in
Nadeem had used his clout with the Mafia to threaten people in the film industry before as well. During the making of Hindi film "Baazigar", Nadeem was irritated at yesteryears actress Tanuja for her curt manner towards him. She was the mother of the film's heroine, Kajol. An embittered Nadeem urged the production company Venus to remove Kajol from the film. However when Venus refused, the incensed Nadeem Shravan duo proceeded to walk out of the film. The project was handed over to another music director, Anu Malik. This enraged Nadeem even further and he decided to call a press conference solely for the purpose of accusing Anu Malik of plagiarism. One of the journalists present there pointed out that Nadeem himself had plagiarized quite a few tunes. At this Nadeem was infuriated and shouted to have him thrown out. Before the journalist was unceremoniously expunged however, all those present clearly recall Nadeem's chilling threat to the journalist, "Don't act too smart. I'll finish you."
When the police began their investigation of Kumar's murder, one of the first steps they took was to question the Bollywood stars who had accompanied Nadeem to a Bollywood show in
The police also questioned Manish Goswami, who is Vicky Goswami's brother and producer of popular Indian TV serials. There was even a videotape of the glittering star studded event in
These suspicions were confirmed when the six murderers of Gulshan Kumar were captured by Mumbai police. The statements that they gave during interrogation clearly implicate Nadeem. Kumar's murder was a contract killing in the traditional style of the Islamic Mafia. Over Rs. 40 Lakh went into the deal. Nadeem Saifee was involved to the very end, as he arranged the money and the purchase of two Maruti cars, two motorbikes, a mobile phone and six pagers for the murderers.
Immediately after realizing that he had been caught at his game, Nadeem fled Mumbai and escaped to
Finally the Mumbai police were forced to move extradition proceedings against him in
Nadeem will naturally use the same excuse to escape. His comments to the Press have already indicated his motives and future objectives. In a nauseating interview to a British tabloid, Nadeem made statements such as "I would go back if I could be sure of a fair trial, but the Mumbai Police are looking for a Muslim scapegoat. Those with vested interests can't stomach the fact that a Muslim like me can be successful and bold in
When the trial began, Nadeem's counsel Clive Nicholls grilled the Prosecution's witness, Justice ML Pendse who is a retired Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court and was formerly on the Mumbai bench. Mr. Pendse, was presented as an expert witness on the Indian judicial system to answer questions about the alleged " human rights abuses on minorities" by the Indian Police. Justice Pendse was a very convincing witness on the stand. When asked about the alleged "atrocities on minorities," he pointedly replied Nadeem was unlikely to suffer discrimination owing to his Muslim identity, since in his entire judicial experience "religious bias" had never been a problem with the Indian judiciary.
Nadeem's lawyers tried their best to discredit his testimony. He was insultingly asked by them if he was "out of touch" with the realities of the legal process in
We will have to wait and see if justice will be served to Nadeem Saifee. Going by the past instances where
In my next article I will detail how the hand of the Islamic Mafia reaches into the heart of Bollywood and even beyond that into the realms of television, Industry, and finally politics, all of which have immensely grave ramifications for the security and survival of
(To be continued...)
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The Islamic mafia's terror network - Part 4 COPIED FROM THE SWORD OF TRUTH
The Islamic mafia's terror network - Part 4 by Aditi Chaturvedi
(Continued from last week...)
Question: What do the following list of assorted industrialists have in common?
Babu Bhai Singhvi, a businessman in Bhuj
Jagdish Ramani, an oil dealer of
Satish Shetty, the wealthy owner of a large ceramics factory in Hubli
Subhash Rastogi, an exclusively wealthy
Raju Punwani, owner of
Ramesh Vyas, the owner of a posh hotel in
Mohan, a renowned dealer of foreign exchange in
Rajesh Rathi, chairman of Rathi Super Steel
Gautam Adani, a meat exporter from
Answer: A certain assistant of Dawood Ibrahim known as Babloo Srivastava (originally Om Prakash).
Babloo commands over half a dozen gangs whose sole job is to hunt out businessmen who fit the profile of involvement in huge cash flow of business and illegal transactions. Once these industrialists are identified they are bombarded with all sorts of threats like extortion, kidnapping, blackmail, possession of assets, destruction of property and of course the eternal favorite; death. It is estimated that the gangs directly commanded by Babloo were successful in at least 20 known extortion operations last year. In over 95% of the cases, the industrialists give in and go for be financial "settlements". The key to the success of Babloo's operations is the fact that many of these businessmen have in fact used the Mafia themselves to carry out contract killings, briberies and extortion. That's why so many of them simply flee the country after they pay up, like Subhash Rastogi.
The CBI's special task reports that the Babloo gang collected over Rs. 100 crore as ransom alone last year and is now openly threatening more than 40 people, mostly industrialists. Last year before the arrest of the gang, the police thought the ransom bids were because of a network of extortionists based in
The master of these operations in
The incredible revelations about Babloo only came to light after the arrest of Dawood's frontman in
What is most interesting about Babloo Srivastava's Mafia links however is the fact that he is the protege of Ram Gopal Mishra, former Congress MLC and a Mafia don of Sitapur. Babloo met Mishra in
Question: Why does one square foot of land in the tiny town of
Answer: Neemuch is at the heart of the opium belt of Madhya Pradesh.
More than 60% of
Moreover, as recent seizures have shown, the booming pharmaceutical industry in and around the city is also being increasingly controlled by the Islamic Mafia. Banned drugs like mandrax are being produced there in large quantities. The arrest of businessman Prem Sisodiya last year for a mandrax shipment worth several crores of rupees also exposed the widespread links of the Islamic Mafia. Just days before Sisodiya's arrest, the chief minister, Congressman Digvijay Singh attended a religious function at his house.
The region's persistent links with the Islamic Mafia were exposed by the Gujarat Police last year when it unearthed a large cache of arms from Mahidpur town. The seizure, which included two dozen AK-47 rifles. The rifles were part of the consignment sent by Dawood Ibrahim's gangs which landed on the Konkan coast along with rdx explosives. It was these very weapons and explosives which were used in the
But it is for real estate crime that
It was because of Dalal's petitions that the district administration, the Indore Municipal Corporation (IMC) and Indore Development Authority (IDA) were forced to draw up lists of illegally-constructed buildings and encroachments on government land last week. The IDA and the IMC are completely under the control of Mahesh Joshi, who is none other than CONGRESS Chief Minister Digvijay Singh's right-hand man. Topping the list of violators submitted to the court by the two civic bodies was Surendra Singh Garha, Digvijay's relative, who has illegally constructed a number of high-rises on government land. The list revealed that there are over 400 illegal multi-storied buildings in the city apart from about 295 unsanctioned colonies.
The amount of money involved in the Islamic Mafia's racket is enormous. But as usual the Mafia has the clout of the highest leaders in the Congress behind it. Over 40 IDA schemes involving 200 acres of prime land have been shelved and the land released for private construction during the current regime. The Islamic Mafia is earning over Rs 500 crore every year from real estate crimes in
Vice Admiral Russy F. Contractor, who is currently Director General, Coast Guard has stated that the Setu channel poses a national security threat.
RF Contractor is a highly decorated officer.
http://indiancoastguard.nic.in/Indiancoastguard/dgcg/DGCG_31_AUG_06.JPG Vice Admiral Rustom Faramroze Contractor was commissioned in the Indian Navy on 01 July 1971. He is an alumnus of the College of Naval Warfare, Mumbai and the Royal College of Defence Studies at London, UK. For exceptional devotion to duty, in keeping with the highest traditions of the service, Vice Admiral Rustom Faramroze Contractor was awarded the ‘NAO SENA MEDAL (DEVOTION TO DUTY)” in 2002. Once again for distinguished service of an exceptional order as the Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Information Warfare and Operations) at the Naval Headquarters, New Delhi, he was awarded the ‘ATI VISHIST SEVA MEDAL (AVSM)” in 2005 by the President of India. http://indiancoastguard.nic.in/Indiancoastguard/dgcg/DGCG.html
This naval expert’s opinion echoes the views of another naval expert Capt. H. Balakrishnan whose speech at Observer Research Foundation on 30 Nov. 2007 is also appended. These experts’ views also echosed in Hon’ble Smt. Jayalalithaa former CM of Tamil Nadu’s petition in the Hon’ble Supreme Court should be received with utmost urgency and the Setu channel project completely scrapped forthwith. Let there be no compromise on national security even if Lok Sabha elections have to be held soon J–
Dr. S. Kalyanaraman
Sethusamudram poses a security threat: Coast Guard (31 Jan. 2008, dnews.us)
Coast Guard DG has told the government that the narrow canal would put the ships moving through it at a greater risk of attack by terrorists.
IBN - 02:40 PM
There is a new twist to the Ram Setu controversy. The Coast Guards Director General has told CNN-IBN that the Sehtusamudram project poses security threat to India. Vice Admiral Contractor was echoing similar remarks by Navy Chief Admiral Sureesh Mehta recently.
“Sethusamudram project, a threat” 1/31/2008 2:43:00 PM TimesNow.tv
Concerns over the controversial Sethusamudram project are now being raised at the highest level in defence circles. Vice Admiral R F Contractor, the director general of the Coast Guard, has said that the Sethusamudram project could be a security threat to the country.
“The Sethusamudram project could pose a security threat to the country. There are chances of militants using this channel,” said Contractor on Thursday (January 31).
“Security issues are bound to arise. It’s a sea, its waters are shared, the maritime area is common by virtue of the close boundary lines between Sri Lanka and us, so obviously the implications are more there,” he added.
Interestingly, critics of the Sethusamudram project have raised concerns about the security threat posed by the project on previous occassions as well, and there is already a case challenging the project pending at the Supreme Court.
Sethusamudram poses a security threat: Coast Guard
31 Jan 2008, 1324 hrs IST,INDIATIMES NEWS NETWORK
NEW DELHI: Adding another twist to the Sethusamudram controversy, Director General of the Coast Guard on Thursday said that the project poses a security threat to the country.
Vice Admiral RF Cotractor said that there is a strong possibility of the canal being used by militants.
Without mentioning the LTTE directly, Contractor said that the narrow canal would put the ships moving through it at a greater risk of attack by terrorists active in the region.
He also confirmed that he has already conveyed his views about the project to government.
Earlier, Naval chief Admiral Sureesh Mehta’s had said that the Sethusamudram project would be useful only for small ships.
He added that the project was economically unviable as both the Navy and international shipping agencies would not be able to use the canal. The project, if it becomes operational, would incur a loss of Rs 3,000 crore every year, he claimed.
The Sethusamudram canal would be only 12 meters deep, and only ships weighing up to 30,000 tonnes would navigate through it.
Ram Setu project worries Coast Guard
Thu, Jan 31 02:40 PM
New Delhi: There is a new twist to the Ram Setu controversy. The Coast Guards Director General has told CNN-IBN that the Sethusamudram project poses security threat to India.
Vice Admiral Contractor was echoing remarks similar to those made by the Navy Chief, Admiral Sureesh Mehta, recently. His statement comes at a time when the BJP is opposing the project tooth and nail, insisting that it will damage a precious historical heritage.
On the other hand Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Karunanidhi has made it a prestige issue. His party says the Sethusamundram is not a man-made structure.
The Archaeological Survey of India had earlier corroborated the DMK’s stand.
However, the Coast Guard Chief’s remarks are expected to give the BJP fresh ammunition on the Setusamudram project.
Meanwhile, the Supreme Court has granted the Centre four weeks to make its stand clear on the issue.
A Bench comprising Chief Justice K G Balakrishnan and Justices R V Raveendran and J M Panchal gave the Centre the time limit after Additional Solicitor General R Mohan sought extension for filing an affidavit.
The apex court directed the Government to file two separate affidavits, one on the alignment of the project and other giving details of the studies that have been undertaken to ascertain whether Ram Setu is an ancient monument.
The affidavits are to be filed by the first week of March.
The Supreme court had already directed the authorities not to damage the Setu in any manner while carrying out dredging activities.
The Ram Setu or Adam’s Bridge, a chain of limestone shoals 48 km long that once linked Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu with Mannar in Sri Lanka’s northwest, faces possible destruction when the ambitious Sethusamudram canal project comes up to create a navigable waterway in the narrow sea dividing the two countries.
India does not have a continuous navigational channel linking the east and west coasts. Ships coming from India’s west and heading to Bangladesh or Indian ports on the east coast have to go around Sri Lanka because the waterway in the sea dividing the two countries is shallow.
When the sea is dredged and a shipping canal does come up, it will save up to 780 km of sailing distance and 30 hours of sailing time for ships plying between the east and west coasts of India. Indian officials say the canal will also boost the national economy besides speeding up the movement of Indian Navy and Coast Guard vessels as well.
Hindu groups say this may be true but such economic progress cannot be at the expense of Ram Setu, as they refer to Adam’s Bridge, located at the southern end of the Sethusamudram project. This is where an estimated 48 million cubic metres of silt will be removed over the next two years.
Vayam Rakshamah - We Protect
The Indian Coast Guard [Bharatiya Thatrakshak] was constituted as the fourth armed union of India, on 19 August 1978, under the Coast Guard Act. The force’s main function is to protect India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), covering an area of 2.02 million sq. km, and operates under the effective control of the Ministry of Defense. Coast Guard vessels and aircraft have been assisting the custom authorities in anti-smuggling operations and has effectively served national interests in high-risk areas. They are also used in SAR operations, anti-pollution and other duties in maritime zones. While protection of the high seas is vested with the Indian Navy, the area between 10 and 30 nautical miles from the shore is under the charge of the Coast Guard and from shore to five nautical miles with the coastal police as well as the Coast Guard.
It’s Responsibilities Include:
• Enforcing the provisions of enactment in force in the maritime zones.
• Assisting the Customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling operations.
• To preserve & protect the marine environment and control marine pollution.
• Measures for safety of life and property at sea including aid to mariners in distress.
• Ensuring the safety & protection of artificial islands, offshore terminals and other installations in MR zones.
*The Coast Guard is the nodal agency for oil spill response in India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) under the national oil disaster contingency plan. Currently, the Coast Guard has capability to combat oil pollution up to 10,000 tons (Tier-II) and is in the process of upgrading its capability to more than 10,000 tons (Tier-III). Towards this, three pollution control vessels (refer to the ‘Coast Guard Fleet’ sub-section) are being inducted into the fleet, the first of which is likely to be commissioned in September 2006.
PersonnelThe Coast Guard has a strength of approximately 1000 officers and 5200 other personnel. The force is led by a Director General and a Deputy Director General. Vice Admiral Rustom Faramroze Contractor is the present Director General of the Coast Guard.http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NAVY/Link1.html
Copy of talk delivered at the ORF (C) on 3NOV 2007, “SECURITY AND THE SSCP” by Capt. H. Balakrishnan . The talk was shared among Cmde RIS Vasan, Col. Hariharan and Capt. H. Balakrishnan.The session was then moderated by the HOD of the Dept. of Defence Studies, Madras University,
SSCP AND SECURITY
1. During the course of the next 15-20 minutes, I shall dwell on some of the salient threats that could possibly impinge on vessels navigating through the SSCP.
2. I shall be dealing with the following possible threats and propose solutions:
(a) Piracy and Armed Robbery
(b) Maritime Terrorism
(c) Conutering the threats
In dealing with these threats, I shall endeavour to present the global scenario as existing at present and overlay it with the Indian perspective and its possible fallout on the SSCP.
PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY AT SEA
3. The internationally accepted “definition” of piracy is contained in Article 101 of the 1982 U.N Convention on the Law of the Seas (UNCLOS).
“Piracy consists of any of the following acts:
(a) Any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depradation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed:
(i) On the High Seas, against another ship or aircraft or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft;
(ii) Against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any state;
(b) Any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft;
(c) Any act inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in (a) or (b).
The Global Scene on Piracy
4. Acts of piracy and armed robbery against ships are of tremendous concern to shipping in general. The fight to suppress these acts is linked to the “Convention for Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation – 1988”, and to improve security measures on board ships and in port facilities adopted in Dec 2002.
5. According to reports compiled by the IMO, between 1984 and end of 1999, there had been 1587 attacks by pirates on ships around the world. In some areas, these attacks involved a disturbing increase in violence. Contrary to the stereotype, today’s pirates are often trained fighters aboard speedboats, equipped with satellite phones and Global Positioning System (GPS) and armed with automatic weapons.
6. The IMO estimates that incidents of piracy and armed robbery against ships are “under reported by the factor of Two”. Several reasons have been given:-
(a) Fear that a successful act or piracy reflects poorly on the Master’s competence
(b) Concern that such a report would embarrass the state in whose territorial waters the act occurred.
(c) The belief that an investigation would disrupt the vessel’s sailing schedules.
(d) The possibility that the shipowner’s insurance would increase.
7. Piracy Reporting Centre: The “International Maritime Bureau Piracy Reporting Centre” (IMB), became operational in Oct 1992 and is located at Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. The centre is financed by voluntary contributions from shipping and insurance companies and its services are free of charge to all vessels irrespective of ownership and flag. Its specific tasks are:
(a) Report all piracy incidents and armed robbery at sea to concerned law enforcement agencies.
(b) Locate vessels that have been seized by pirates and recover stolen cargoes
(c) Help bring the pirates to justice
(d) Assist owners and crews of ships that have been attacked.
(e) Collate information on piracy around the world.
Statistical Data from IMB
(a) Number of Acts of Piracy – 2000 to 2005
(i) 2000 - 470
(ii) 2001 - 370
(iii) 2002 - 390
(iv) 2003 - 430
(v) 2004 - 310
(vi) 2005 - 260
(b) Lives Lost / Wounded/Missing Crew
(c) Ships Hijacked / Missing / Lost
Real Life Incidents of Piracy at Sea
9. In Nov 1999, in the Arabian Sea, Indian Maritime Forces rescued the “hijacked” M.V.ALONDRA RAINBOW, a 7000 Ton Panama registered vessel, belonging to Japanese owners. The vessel was on passage from Kuala Tanjung in Indonesia to Milke in Japan. The IMB Piracy Reporting Centre had put out a worldwide broad cast of the incident. According to IMB Centre, the crew of the vessel had been located safe in Thailand and the vessel was expected to turn up at any Indian port to discharge her cargo. After a “High Seas Drama”, the hijacked vessel was captured and the pirates brought to justice. However, on an appeal in the Bombay High Court, some years later, the Pirates were left free.
10. In Sep 1998, the Panama registered M.V. TENYU disappeared in the Straits of Malacca while on passage from Indonesia to the Republic of Korea, with a cargo of aluminium ingots. She later reappeared with a different name and a different crew . The IMO reports that it is almost certain that all her original crew of 17 were murdered. This was on the basis of some of the bodies being recovered by fishermen in the South China Sea.
11. In Nov 1998, the bulk carrier, MV CHEUNG SON was attacked by pirates in the South China Sea. Her crew of 23 were all shot dead by the pirates.
12. More recently, The New Indian Express, Chennai in its edition of 02 Nov 2007, had reported about the fate of Indian seaman in two different incidents of piracy. One off Nigeria and the other off Somalia.
13. The Washington Post of 01 Nov 2007, had carried a report of the U.S. Navy going into action against pirates in two separate incidents off Somalia. The U.S. Navy had acted on the basis of “distress calls” made by the vessels that were boarded by the pirates.
Piracy off Indian Waters
14. The LTTE has an impressive track record in this game. Some of the reported cases relate to the hijacking of the vessels, IRISH MONA (Aug 1995), PRINCESS WAVE (Aug 1996), ATHENA (May 1997), MISEN (Jul 1997), MORONG BONG (Jul 1997), CORDIALITY (Sep 1997) and PRINCESS KASH (Aug 1998).
15. Security analysts across the globe are increasingly veering around to the view that the lines of demarcation between piracy and terrorism are getting intertwined. That is, “Piracy on the High Seas is becoming a key Tactic of Terrorist Groups”. Unlike the pirates of a earlier era, whose sole objective was quick commercial gain, many of today’s pirates are “Maritime Terrorists” with an “ideological bent and a broad political agenda”. The nexus of “Piracy and Terrorism” is dangerous for the world energy markets.
16. Today, in the face of massive international efforts to freeze terrorist finances, terrorist groups have come to view that piracy is a potentially rich source of funding. This appeal is particularly apparent in the Straits of Malacca. According to Indonesia’s state intelligence agency, detained senior members of the Jemaah Islamiyah have admitted that the group has considered launching attacks on Malacca Shipping. Also, uniformed members of the Free Aceh Movement, an Indonesian separatist group, have been hijacking vessels and taking their crew as hostage at an increasing rate. The protracted ransom negotiations yield considerable sums-the going rate is nearly $ 100,000 per ship. This ransom is later used to procure weapons for operations against the Indonesian Government. In some cases, the Free Aceh Movement has demanded the release of members detained by the Indonesian Government.
17. Geography forces world shipping to pass through strategic chokepoints, many of which are located at in areas where terrorists with maritime capabilities operate. These channels are so narrow at certain points, that a single burning super tanker and its spreading oil slick could block the passage for other vessels. Were “Terrorist – Pirates” to hijack a large bulk carrier or tanker, sail it onto one of the choke points, and scuttle it to block the sea lane, the consequences for the world economy could be quite severe.
18. The foregoing analysis is equally applicable to the SSCP
19. At an International Conference on“National Security in a Changing Region” held at Singapore on 28, 29 OCT 2004, the well known security analyst, Mr.B.Raman in his paper, “Maritime Terrorism: An Indian Perspective”, stated: “Apprehensions of major acts of maritime terrorism by terrorist organizations, which are members of Osama bin Laden’s “International Islamic Front – (IIF)”, continue to be high, but there are no clear indicators so far of their having already acquired the necessary capability for such acts. However, their nexus with trans-national mafia groups, like the one headed by Pakistan based Dawood Ibrahim, has placed at their disposal maritime facilities which could be used and are being used for the clandestine movement of trained men and material required for land based terrorist operations in other countries”. It is pertinent to mention here that the explosives for the 1993 Mumbai blasts came by sea.
20. In an interview to the British shipping newspaper – Lloyds List - on 06 Aug 2004, the British First Sealord, Admiral Sir Alan West was quoted as stating that Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups had realized the importance of global maritime trade and could launch attacks against merchant vessels.
21. Admiral Sir Alan West then stated: “We have got an underlying level of intelligence which shows there is a threat. What we’ve noticed is that Al Qaeda and other organizations have an awareness about maritime trade. They’ve realized how important it is for world trade in general, and they understand the significance. Sea borne terrorism could potentially cripple global trade and have grave knock – on effects on developed economies. We’ve seen other plans from intelligence of attacks on merchant shipping. I can’t give you clear detail on any of that, clearly, but we are aware that they have plans. Ship owners realize that”.
22. No doubt, in comparison to acts of terrorism in the skies and on land, such acts either in inland waters or on the high seas have been few, except in Sri Lanka. This could possibly be attributed to two factors, namely:-
(a) Except in the case of suicide terrorist acts, where escape is not a factor, getting away after an act of maritime terrorism on the high seas is not an easy task.
(b) Terrorists want a “stage” to enact their drama in order to derive the maximum publicity and have a psychologically intimidatory impact on the minds of their perceived State adversaries as also its citizens
23. However, the attraction for an act of maritime terrorism on the high seas is its psychological impact on the minds of policy framers and economic managers of the targeted vessel’s Nation. It could have an adverse spillover on other States in the region as well.
The Global Arms Bazar
24. A discernable trend at present, which is extremely disturbing, is the spread of increasingly sophisticated conventional weapons to non-state actors, including long range anti-ship missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles and close range armour piercing missiles and rocket propelled grenades. All these varieties of munitions are capable of inflicting serious damage to ships, both big and small. The trade in small arms and light infantry weapons is already extensive in the conflict prone parts of the globe and the demand for more advanced equipment is strong.
25. The problem is global in scope. There are around 100 countries that makes weapons and ammunition. Sales of these products are estimated to be worth over $ 1000 Billion in 2006, fifteen times the annual spending on international aid. In short, there is a global arms bazaar, where cash in king and State controls are fax.
26. The list of foiled, failed and successful attempts in maritime related terrorism over the past decade is significant. Yet, there is a tendency to over look or downplay what has happened, and thus ignore the possibility of further trouble. It is clear that terrorists can see the potential of using the maritime trading system and its land links in the container supply chain to conceal weapons or agents for attack purposes.
27. Terrorist Attack on Naval/Merchant Ships : Three recent examples should suffice to illustrate the maritime terrorist threat:
(a) Attack on the U.S.S Cole: In Oct 2000, Al Qaeda operatives in Yemen, packed a small boat with explosives and rammed the same onto the side of the U.S Navy destroyer-U. S.S Cole, while the ship was berthed in harbour. The blast left a gaping hole on the side of the destroyer and the cost of repairs amounted to $250 million. The blast killed 17 U.S Naval sailors and wounded another 40 seamen.
(b) Missile Attack on Israeli Naval Ships: On 14 Jul 2006, two days after hostilities between Israel and the Hezbollah commenced, the latter fired two, C-802 radar guided anti-ship cruise missiles from ashore in Lebanon. The target were two Israeli Naval Corvettes that were patrolling off the Lebanese coast. One missile seriously damaged one of the corvettes, killing four Israeli seamen. The second missile narrowly missed the other corvette. Instead it hit a Cambodian registered merchant vessel. It sank immediately taking with it all the eleven seaman on board.
(c) Attack on the French VLCC Limburg: In Oct 2002, a boat packed with explosives, rammed into the side of the French VLCC Limburg, off Yemen, and seriously damaged the vessel. The tanker had a capacity of 300,000 tons. Fortunately, at the time of the incident, it was loaded with only 55,000 tons of crude oil. This attack disrupted Yemen’s oil trade for a short period.
The LTTE Factor
28. From India’s point of view, the most worrisome terrorist organization with a well developed and well tested capability for acts of Maritime Terrorism is the LTTE. Its capability consists of its fleet of at least two or three merchant vessels, which are used for gun running, as also its “Sea Tigers” naval arm. Its merchant vessels plying under flags of convenience normally transport legitimate cargo and, when required, are also used for clandestinely transporting military hardware procured by the LTTE in countries like Pakistan, Thailand, Ukraine etc.
29. Two other aspects of the LTTE’s gun running capability by sea have to be noted. Firstly, its willingness to place its capability at the disposal of other terrorist organizations. There is at least one reported instance of the LTTE helping in 1995 either the Abu Sayyaf or the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, both of the Philippines, by carrying a consignment of arms and ammunition donated by Harkat-ul-Mujahidee n (HUM), from Pakistan to Southern Philippines. Secondly, its use of merchant vessels not belonging to it, for the purpose of gun running. In 1993, a foreign merchant vessel carrying AK 47s, from a Russian company, arrived in Kochi. The consignee, was ostensibly our M of D. This was false. Indian intelligence strongly suspected the LTTE hand in this botched attempt at gun running.
30. Sea Tigers: The Sea Tigers of the LTTE has established control over most of North Sri Lanka Coastal region and the seas contiguous to this coast. They have displayed considerable ingenuity and daring in sea borne insurgency. They have carried out numerous daring attacks on Sri Lankan naval ships, and have not hesitated in undertaking suicide missions. Their daring attack on the naval installations on Delft Island, this summer, is a case in point. The SSCP is verily a “next-door-neighbour” in the area of operations of the Sea Tigers!
31. LTTE Air Arm: A new addition to the LTTE’s fighting capability is its “Air Arm”. They have todate carried out “Four Daring Night Attacks” on Sri Lankan Military Assets”. A new factor seen in the last attack was their ability to co-ordinate the land and air attacks. The SSCP falls well within the radius of operation of the ‘ZLIN-Z242L’ Czech aircraft which the LTTE operates.
Threat Perceptions in the SSCP
32. Media reports of 28 April 2007 in Chennai, attributed the killings of TN fishermen at sea, to the LTTE Sea Tigers. The grounds for killing the fishermen, attributed to LTTE sources, was that they were “Spying” on the LTTE’s activities at sea. If that be the case, the possibility of the LTTE advancing a similar argument for attacking ships navigating through the SSCP cannot be ruled out. The consequences of a ship sinking/running aground in the channel could have a disastrous impact on the very viability of the Project itself. It would have a psychological impact, as brought out earlier, on the shipping industry which may then tend to bypass the SSCP.
33. Mine Threat: The prevailing depths in the SSCP make it an ideal are for the use of sea mines. It has already been highlighted about the acquisition of sophisticated conventional arms by various terrorist organizations. A rudimentary sea mine is far cheaper than any of the sophisticated missiles. And yet, the mines can block the channel from being used for protracted durations as Mine Countermeasures (MCM) is a slow, tedious and time consuming form of naval warfare. This threat needs to be seriously kept in mind while formulating security policies for the SSCP. It is hoped that the lessons learnt from MCM operations in the Straits of Hormuz during and after “Desert Storm” is not lost on our policy planners
COUNTERING THE THREATS TO THE SSCP
34. In framing effective security policies for the SSCP, the complexities of international shipping need to be understood. A ship is built in one country, has a flag of convenience of a second country, is owned by a national of a third country and the vessel itself is manned by a crew of mixed nationalities with differing security clearance standards, is controlled through the Flag State in all its internal matters, but is subject to local Port State jurisdiction !! The global terrorist is aware, that, apart from a few international agreements with respect to slavery, piracy and illicit carriage of narcotics, there is no comprehensive Maritime Law to combat Maritime Terrorism. The terrorist can and does take advantage of this legal vacuum. There are diverse, complex and often conflicting domestic laws enacted by different coastal States.
35. The Indian Scene: If the foregoing was bad enough, consider the “Indian Scene”. The Indian Navy and Coast Guard come under the M of D. Fisheries comes under the Ministry of Agriculture. DG Shipping / DG lighthouses come under the Ministry of Shipping. The customs come under the Revenue Wing of the Ministry of Finance. ONGC comes under the Ministry of Petroleum! Also, the nodal agency for dealing with any marine oil spill is the Coast Guard,. However, the nodal Ministry for oil spills is the Home Ministry. A classic case of “All at Sea”!! (PUN INTENDED)
36. The U.S. Homeland Security: We could well take a leaf out of the U.S Homeland security book, in their post 9/11 scenario. The U.S. Coast Guard is The Single Nodal Agency for all maritime aspects of their Homeland Security. In special cases, the U.S.Navy can also discharge the responsibilities of the Coast Guard. Their laws provide for such an eventuality.
37. In this light we need to enact “Maritime security” laws with a single nodal agency to counter the threats of piracy or armed robbery at sea as also Maritime Terrorism. National security is too serious to be dictated by parochial politics.
38. It is to be hoped, in the larger interests of National Security, the M of D/ Navy/ Coast Guard will be brought into the loop while formulating security policies for the SSCP.
(A) “Maritime Related Terrorism” – Michael Richardson.
(B) “Maritime Terrorism:An Indian Perspective”- B.Raman – www.saag.org Paper No:1154.
(C) “Ship in Wolf’s Clothing”- VAdm (retd) A.K.Singh-Indian Express – 30 Oct 2007.
(D) “Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea”- http://www.oceanatl as.com
(E) http://www.imo. org
(F) “Sea Piracy in South Asia” –Dr.Vijay Sakhuja - www.saag.org-
Paper No: 1259
(G) http://www.iags. org. (Nov/Dec 2004)
(H) The Washington Post – 01 Nov 2007.
(I) The New Indian Express (Chennai) – 02 Nov 2007.
Captain (Retd) H.Balakrishnan, I.N
29 Jan. 2008 Invitation from PIB
You are requested to cover the following event :
Vice Admiral R F Contractor, Director General, Coast Guard, to address the media on the eve of 31st Anniversary of Indian Coast Guard.
31st January 2008 (Thursday)
Coast Guard Headquarters Lawn, Near National Stadium, New Delhi
All Accredited Journalists/ Cameramen
Deputy Director (Photo Div)
Editor Sainik Samachar
Published on Thursday, January 31st, 2008at 2:59 am | :The controversial Sethusamudram shipping canal project has “security implications” and these have been “conveyed” to the government, the Indian Coast Guard (ICG) chief said Thursday.“There are security implications because of the closeness of the India-Sri Lanka maritime boundary,” Vice Admiral Rusi Contractor told reporters here ahead of the 31st anniversary of the ICG.“We have conveyed these implications to the government. Complications are there and I am sure these will be addressed,” he added.Contractor, however, declined to say whether there had been any response from the government.Asked to elaborate on the “security implications” and “complications”, the ICG chief said: “If the seaway is opened up, there could be issues of piracy. Then, in a narrow channel, if a ship has problems (while crossing), this has to be addressed.“There is also the question of the close proximity (of the maritime boundary) with a country with which there is a problem existing,” Contractor said.The project involves dredging a canal in the Indian Ocean between India and Sri Lanka. Several Hindu groups as well as the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have opposed the project, saying it would affect a formation known as Ram Setu that is mentioned in the Hindu epic Ramayana.Ironically, the BJP had given the project in-principle approval when it was in power in 2003. However, there has been forward movement only in the last two years with Shipping and Surface Transport Minister T.R. Baalu giving the project his full backing.Baalu belongs to the DMK of Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K. Karunanidhi that is a constituent of India’s ruling United Progressive Alliance (UPA).Environmental groups have also opposed the Sethusamudram project, saying it would destroy the fragile ecosystem of the area.The Supreme Court has stayed the project pending the resolution of all contentious issues.On Sunday, Janata Party president Subramanian Swamy dovetailed all popular concerns over the Sethusamudram - scientific, ecological, security and religious - at the launch in Chennai of “Paalam” (Bridge), a film on dangers of continuing with the project.The 71-minute film lends voice to the concerns expressed on the much-debated project.Citing statistics, Swamy termed the project “a danger to ecology and India’s defence”. He contended that nearly 95 percent of ocean-going vessels have a displacement weight exceeding 60,000 tonnes, which means only a few will benefit from the project.“If this project becomes a reality, it will result in a Rs.30 billion annual loss to the national exchequer and this amount will go up every year. This much is clear because the canal will have a depth of only 12 metres and it will be impossible for ships weighing more than 30,000 tonnes to cross it - meaning over 95 percent of the ships in the world cannot use it at all,” said Swamy.Swamy claimed during the function that the Indian Navy Chief Admiral Sureesh Mehta had expressed similar sentiments but had been ticked off by Baalu “for speaking the truth”.